12 August

10 misconceptions about osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a systemic disease, the main feature of which is the reduction of bone density.In breadth spread it ranked fourth among the noncommunicable diseases.Illness usually develops in adulthood: in our country, it affects about a third of women and a quarter of men older than 50 years.

disease affects all parts of the skeleton.This increases the risk of fracture due to less traumatic situations: the bones may be damaged at small loads or very weak tremors.The accretion of fractures is slow and difficult.

associated with osteoporosis are many myths and misconceptions that prevent the proper respect to the prevention and treatment of disease.Consider the most famous of them.

1. Osteoporosis only sick elderly

In most cases, the development of diseases associated with age-related changes in hormonal levels, contributing to the leaching of calcium from the body.However, we should not forget that 80% of osteoporosis is genetically determined.This means that if there is a family history of the di

sease risk it arrives at a young age increases.When receiving

some drugs there is a possibility of so-called secondary osteoporosis, regardless of age.At risk are the patients who are treated with corticosteroids (eg, hydrocortisone, prednisone, dexamethasone), barbiturates, anticonvulsants and thyroid hormones.In addition, secondary osteoporosis may result from such ailments as diabetes first type, cirrhosis, diseases of the parathyroid glands, kidney and liver.

2. The illness manifested by severe pain

initial stage of the disease usually occurs completely unnoticed.A person does not feel any signs of increased bone fragility as long as falls in the traumatic situation.As the progression of the illness can manifest negative changes in posture (stoop) and reduced growth.In people with osteoporosis for several years, appear dull, aching pain in the lumbar region, worse when moving.

3. Prevention of osteoporosis is complex and expensive

Preventive measures that reduce the loss of calcium, should be carried out with the 25-30 age groups, and they are available for any person.Enough to eat properly, to limit the consumption of coffee and salt, lead an active lifestyle, exercise reasonable dosing.It is important to periodically take a sun bath: UV rays contribute to the formation in the body of vitamin D, which is essential for normal absorption of calcium.It is necessary to give up smoking, as nicotine is a factor in the risk of osteoporosis.

4. Men do not suffer from osteoporosis

of boys do suffer from osteoporosis less frequently than women, and decreased bone strength in men is not as fast.However, no one is safe from the development of the disease.In addition to heredity, risk factors are considered to be the presence of chronic diseases and unhealthy habits, physical inactivity, unbalanced diet (especially the rejection of fermented milk products, fish and dried fruits).

5. Osteoporosis does not threaten life

To some extent this is true: directly from osteoporosis yet no one died.However, the fragility of the bones - an extremely dangerous condition.It is enough that bad fracture healing is fraught with a significant decrease in quality of life, chronic pain, limited mobility and loss of interest in life that elderly person can lead to fatal consequences.According to statistics, from the elderly, undergoing hip fracture, only 15% manage to restore lost mobility.Most of these patients die within a year after the injury.

6. The risk of osteoporosis is the same for all people

This is not so.In women, the likelihood of developing osteoporosis is associated with the specific age-related changes in hormonal levels: early menopause increases the risk of illness.It is proved that a higher risk are the fairer sex, who with high body mass growth is disproportionately small.In addition, the disease has ethnic binding: in fair-skinned Europeans osteoporosis occurs more frequently than that of the Mongoloid and Negroid races.

7. Loss of bone tissue can not be stopped and reversed

To date, this statement can be considered obsolete.There are drugs, the reception of which helps to establish the exchange of calcium and improve bone quality, to some extent, by reducing the fragility of bone and slowing down the development of osteoporosis.

course, treatment should be assigned a specialist, since most drugs have contraindications.In addition, the patient should be kept under medical supervision.

8. Diagnosis of osteoporosis is very complex

pathological changes in bone occur slowly, without affecting health.Estimation of prospects disease in a particular patient can be made with the help of a special program - FRAX.To do this, the computer entered the personal risk factors and a calculator calculates the likelihood of osteoporosis in the next 10 years.

In addition, there osteodensitometry - a diagnostic procedure that allows to quantify bone mineral density.It should periodically take place patients at risk for or receiving drugs against osteoporosis (for monitoring the effectiveness of treatment).The study is a soft, gentle version of X-raying, completely safe and painless.

9. Medicines for osteoporosis dangerous

therapy is to receive specific funds to help the body to form bone tissue, as well as formulations containing higher doses of calcium and vitamin D. Clinical studies have established that a cure for osteoporosis may provoke allergic reactions.Sometimes there is damage to the skin (eczema, including infectious origin).

danger of osteoporosis is associated, primarily, with its duration.Specific drugs need to be taken, generally within 5-7 years (sometimes with a break for 1-2 years).Therefore, patients should be under constant medical supervision and strictly comply with the dosage of medicines.

10. Exercise for osteoporosis contraindicated

This is incorrect.The dosage physical activity contribute to capacity of the upper layer of bone tissue and strengthen the skeleton.Of course, exercise complex should choose an experienced specialist, taking into account the individual characteristics of each patient and in contact with his doctor.However, training in the gym, you can successfully replace normal walking: it is proved that walking for half an hour a day is not only not harmful to patients with osteoporosis, but significantly improve their condition and reduce the risk of fractures.

Osteoporosis - a very common disease.Reducing the risk of personal development of the disease is easy and affordable.You must eat right from his youth, not to succumb to bad habits and lead an active life, and in later years - to monitor their condition, periodically visiting doctors and undergoing diagnostic procedures.

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