12 August

Azithromycin - instructions for use , dosage children

Azithromycin - is antibacterial broad spectrum of action.

release form and composition

Azithromycin belongs to macrolide antibiotics.The active ingredient of the drug has the same name.He is a representative of azalide.

Available in the following dosage forms:

  • Capsules containing 250 mg of azithromycin;
  • tablets, film-coated, 125 mg, 250 mg and 500 mg;

Excipients:

  • milk sugar (lactose);
  • MCC;
  • low molecular weight PVP Medical (povidone);
  • Magnesium stearate;
  • colloidal silicon dioxide (Aerosil).

Indications

Azithromycin is active against certain gram-positive cocci, streptococci groups CF and the G, Gram-negative bacteria, anaerobic microorganisms.Sensitive to antibiotics chlamydia, mycoplasma, ureaplasma, pallidum, the spirochete Borrelia.

drug has no effect on Gram-positive bacteria resistant to erythromycin.

Azithromycin advisable for diseases that are caused by microorganisms sensitive to it.These include infection:

  • upper respiratory tract - tonsillitis, sinusitis, to
    nsillitis, otitis;
  • the lower divisions of the chest - pneumonia, bronchitis;
  • soft tissue and skin - impetigo, erysipelas, dermatitis;
  • urinary tract - urethritis, cervicitis.

purpose of this antibacterial agent is also justified in the early stages of Lyme disease.

Contraindications

Azithromycin is contraindicated in persons with hypersensitivity to macrolides.With care prescribe a drug to patients with impaired liver and kidney functions.

Dosage and Administration

According to the instructions of the azithromycin treatment before the need to check the sensitivity to the hair that caused the disease.

tablets or capsules taken orally once a day, one hour before meals or two hours after.

In respiratory tract infections, skin and soft tissue adults appoint 0.5 g on the first day and 0.25 g in the next few days (from 2 to 5 days).Also available dosage regimen of 0.5 g for 3 days.

for the treatment of Lyme disease (borreliosis) in the initial stage of Azithromycin appoint 1 g in the first day, followed by 0.5 g

The dosage for children is determined based on body weight.When the child weighs 10 kg, then administered on the first day 10 mg / kg body weight, and then 5 mg / kg, 3 days or 10 mg / kg.

missed dose should be taken as soon as possible, and the next - with an interval of 24 hours.

antibiotic resistant to acid medium and is well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract.Easily penetrates the skin, soft tissue, respiratory tract and urogenital system tissue.

high concentration of active substance at the site of inflammation provides strong bactericidal effect, which is stored 5-7 days after the last dose received.This explains the short duration of treatment (3 and 5 days).

If you plan to co-administration of antacids, then, according to the instructions of azithromycin between drug administration should be at least 2 hours.

Side effects

Side effects of azithromycin include:

  • Vomiting;
  • Nausea;
  • Flatulence;
  • temporary increase in liver enzymes.

skin rash may occur in rare cases.

Cautions

Do not use antibiotics during pregnancy, except in cases where the expected benefit to the mother outweighs the potential risk to the child.

At the time of treatment should stop breastfeeding.

Analogs

The active ingredient azithromycin include the following drugs:

  • Azimitsin;
  • Zitrotsin;
  • Sumamed;
  • Hemomitsin;
  • Ecomed and others.

Azithromycin analogues of mechanism of action are:

  • Arvitsin;
  • Clarithromycin;
  • Lekoklar;
  • Macropen;
  • oleandomycin;
  • Rovamycinum
  • Spiramycin-probability;
  • Fromilid;
  • Erythromycin and others.

Terms and conditions of storage

Store in a dry, dark place at a temperature no higher than 25 ° C.Keep away from children.Shelf life - 3 years.

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