12 August

Headache in pregnancy - Causes, Treatment

Headache in pregnancy

Headache during pregnancy arise quite often.Most often it hurts future mother in the first and third trimesters, but sometimes it also happens throughout the entire period of pregnancy.

Before attempting to remove yourself a headache during pregnancy, should evaluate the location and nature of the pain, its duration, as well as to find out the circumstances that contribute to the attack.Causes of headaches during pregnancy can be very different and sometimes very difficult to install them, but to find out what factors trigger it and try to eliminate them entirely possible.

Headaches during pregnancy: Causes

Pregnant headaches often occur as a result of neurological disease - a migraine.In this case, they are pulsating in nature and are located in only one half of the head.In a severe attack of them can join nausea, vomiting, and visual disturbances.The development of a migraine attack may provoke the following factors:

  • Food - the use of citrus, chocolate, cheese;
  • Physical - fatigue, lack of sleep, pungent smells, noise, flashing lights;
  • Climate - a sharp change in weather conditions;
  • Stress.

Another cause of headaches during pregnancy is a stress head muscles.Such pain covers all my head and has an average intensity.Women say that they hurt to touch the hair, they often have the feeling that if the head is strapped tight hoop.Such a headache during pregnancy often creates long-term presence of women in an uncomfortable position for it (for example, when working on the computer), the physical and mental fatigue.

Enough severe headache during pregnancy and occurs as a result of low (hypotension) or high (hypertension) blood pressure.Hypotension is usually typical for the first trimester of pregnancy, especially if it is accompanied by a phenomenon of early toxicity.Hypertension may occur in the second half of pregnancy and is a symptom of preeclampsia - late toxicosis.Severe headache during pregnancy in the third trimester is often a sign of pre-eclampsia - dangerous for the life of the woman and the fetus pregnancy complications requiring urgent medical care in a intensive care unit.

Other causes of headaches during pregnancy are vegetative-vascular dystonia, hormonal changes and cervical osteochondrosis.

In addition, the cause of headaches in the future mom can be hormonal changes, dystonia, cervical osteochondrosis.

Headaches during pregnancy: treatment and prevention

Headaches during pregnancy, as we have said, there are many women.Their treatment should be administered only by a physician becausenot all drugs are safe for fetal development.

Most cases of headaches during pregnancy can be prevented by using simple techniques:

  • Observe the mode of the day and do not overdo it;
  • Stick to a balanced diet;
  • Avoid noisy and stuffy places;
  • Consume a sufficient amount of mineral water, which will allow you to avoid deficiency of mineral substances and liquids;
  • When sedentary work every hour make small breaks during which should perform simple gymnastic exercises, allowing remove the muscles of the head, neck and shoulder girdle excessive stress;
  • as often as possible to make walks in the fresh air and ventilate the room regularly.

often relieve headaches in pregnancy is possible without the use of medication.Adopt the most comfortable position for your body and try to sleep.The room should be darkened, and is well ventilated.After even a little in their sleep duration headache usually resolves on its own.

When tension headaches well to a gentle massage of the scalp and neck.When a migraine for many pregnant women, relieves cold compress is superimposed on the frontal or temporal area of ​​the head.

If the headache is caused by hypotension during pregnancy, you should drink a glass of hot sweet strong tea to raise blood pressure.

In cases where you do not help these methods or headache occurs frequently, you should consult a doctor who will prescribe the treatment of headache during pregnancy, taking into account the reasons causing it.

Headache in pregnancy: when to seek emergency medical attention?

There are certain situations when a woman with a headache during pregnancy should always consult a doctor.These include:

  • The character of the pain attack or pain becomes almost constant;
  • Headache occurs in the morning, right after a night's sleep;
  • headache occurs on the background of arterial hypotension or hypertension;
  • Pain has a clear localization.

Severe headache during pregnancy, especially if it is combined with nausea, vomiting, impaired vision or hearing, skin sensitivity and / or motor function requires immediate delivery in pregnant maternity hospital, where it can be provided timely and comprehensive medical care!

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