12 August

Constipation in Adults - causes, symptoms , treatment

Constipation

Constipation called violation of evacuation of feces from the body.If constipation is more rare than it should, and incomplete emptying of the bowel.Constipation can be self-pathology, but sometimes it is indicative of gastrointestinal disease.

Constipation in adults - the most frequent violation of the gastrointestinal tract, which in varying degrees, is facing more than half of the people and at an older age - about 75%, however, suffer from constipation and children.

Constipation may be an isolated incident related to the changed conditions of food intake and a stressful situation for the body, but more often to the doctor treat chronic constipation, when problems with emptying the bowel there regularly, appearing from time to time, or in general are permanent.Chronic constipation is a serious problem that requires medical care, as otherwise the body is always in the mode of self-poisoning is not the excretion of toxic substances, which is fraught with very serious consequences.

Causes of constipation

causes of constipation can be set by food intake, poor dietary fibers, to severe cancer.Call constipation can fail in any part of the promotion of food through the gastrointestinal tract and nervous regulation of the process and the act of defecation.

stands out the most common causes of constipation, which include:

  1. unbalanced diet, in particular, refined food, processed foods deficient in plant fibers;
  2. sedentary lifestyle that affects the development of stagnation in the pelvis and slowing bowel emptying due to laxity of muscles;
  3. exposure to stress and the lack of an orderly rhythm of life;
  4. abuse of drugs, including laxatives;
  5. existing common diseases.

latter group includes a variety of diseases in which are common symptoms of constipation.It may be spinal cord diseases, diabetes, colon cancer, systemic autoimmune disease, hemorrhoids and intestinal injury and anus.

cause of constipation is often episodic violation of their traditional way of life or food, for example, while traveling.

Symptoms of constipation

Symptoms of constipation include:

  • delay chair;
  • feeling of heaviness and bloating;
  • act of defecation requires muscular effort;
  • too dense and dry feces, feces in the form of pellets;
  • even after defecation feeling inadequate bowel movement;

In addition to these core symptoms of constipation, chronic constipation can occur dyspepsia symptoms: loss of appetite, heartburn, nausea, abdominal pain, flatulence.In chronic constipation occurs intoxication, manifested a general deterioration of health: decrease the tone, fatigue, malaise, irritability, sleep disturbances, headaches.

With regard to the period within which we can confidently diagnose constipation, then there is no single criterion, since the frequency of bowel movements each person individually.The norm is considered defecation, occurring three times a day to three times a week, provided a soft chair and wellness.The medical literature is mentioned that a small group of people is a normal defecation no more than once per week, which must also be considered.Therefore, constipation one person may be considered a delay bowel movements a day, the other - for three, and the third - for a week.

Diagnosing constipation

diagnosis of constipation is not difficult, and is made by the patient's complaints are typical symptoms of constipation.It is more difficult to establish the cause of constipation.Is generally carried out laboratory tests of blood, urine and feces, including fecal bacteria content in order to identify dysbiosis, then examine the intestines by means of ultrasound or X-ray methods.You may need a colonoscopy or retromanoskopiya.If you suspect a gastrointestinal disease, a symptom of which was constipation, conduct a full examination of gastroenterology.

Treatment of constipation

episodic treatment of constipation in the adult human comprising administering a laxative, preferably a mild laxative herbal.Also as the therapeutic agent of the enema can be done liters of water at room temperature.

chronic constipation treatment is never carried out by means of drugs or enemas because they are addictive, and further bowel movements without these means would be difficult.In short, long-term use, they only aggravate the existing problem.If there are serious disturbances in the body, such as a tumor or inflammation of the colon, medications can lead to a sharp deterioration in health status, so that the required emergency hospitalization.

main therapeutic measures for chronic constipation are as follows:

  • identify the causes of constipation and its elimination;
  • balanced diet that includes sufficient roughage contained in flour, meal, raw fruits and vegetables.To prevent constipation is also good to eat every day a handful of dried fruit;
  • normalization lifestyle.Much better defecation occurs when there is a daily routine.The body "gets used to" feces output at a certain time.It is also beneficial for the whole digestive process, including waste removal affects the habit of eating at the same time;
  • drinking regime.Sometimes the cause of constipation is chronic dehydration.Receiving enough water helps to correct the bowel;
  • refusal of medication, causing a tendency to constipation;
  • increase in motor activity.If you have a tendency to constipation due to a sedentary lifestyle, you need to eliminate this factor.Try to walk more in the fresh air, playing outdoor games.Very well it helps with constipation yoga, in particular, a series of exercises called Schank - Prakshalana that are directly aimed at the stimulation of defecation;
  • refusal of alcohol.Alcohol can cause constipation as alcohol intake causes dehydration.In chronic constipation alcohol is contraindicated.

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