Constipation called violation of evacuation of feces from the body.If constipation is more rare than it should, and incomplete emptying of the bowel.Constipation can be self-pathology, but sometimes it is indicative of gastrointestinal disease.
Constipation in adults - the most frequent violation of the gastrointestinal tract, which in varying degrees, is facing more than half of the people and at an older age - about 75%, however, suffer from constipation and children.
Constipation may be an isolated incident related to the changed conditions of food intake and a stressful situation for the body, but more often to the doctor treat chronic constipation, when problems with emptying the bowel there regularly, appearing from time to time, or in general are permanent.Chronic constipation is a serious problem that requires medical care, as otherwise the body is always in the mode of self-poisoning is not the excretion of toxic substances, which is fraught with very serious consequences.
causes of constipation can be set by food intake, poor dietary fibers, to severe cancer.Call constipation can fail in any part of the promotion of food through the gastrointestinal tract and nervous regulation of the process and the act of defecation.
stands out the most common causes of constipation, which include:
latter group includes a variety of diseases in which are common symptoms of constipation.It may be spinal cord diseases, diabetes, colon cancer, systemic autoimmune disease, hemorrhoids and intestinal injury and anus.
cause of constipation is often episodic violation of their traditional way of life or food, for example, while traveling.
Symptoms of constipation include:
In addition to these core symptoms of constipation, chronic constipation can occur dyspepsia symptoms: loss of appetite, heartburn, nausea, abdominal pain, flatulence.In chronic constipation occurs intoxication, manifested a general deterioration of health: decrease the tone, fatigue, malaise, irritability, sleep disturbances, headaches.
With regard to the period within which we can confidently diagnose constipation, then there is no single criterion, since the frequency of bowel movements each person individually.The norm is considered defecation, occurring three times a day to three times a week, provided a soft chair and wellness.The medical literature is mentioned that a small group of people is a normal defecation no more than once per week, which must also be considered.Therefore, constipation one person may be considered a delay bowel movements a day, the other - for three, and the third - for a week.
diagnosis of constipation is not difficult, and is made by the patient's complaints are typical symptoms of constipation.It is more difficult to establish the cause of constipation.Is generally carried out laboratory tests of blood, urine and feces, including fecal bacteria content in order to identify dysbiosis, then examine the intestines by means of ultrasound or X-ray methods.You may need a colonoscopy or retromanoskopiya.If you suspect a gastrointestinal disease, a symptom of which was constipation, conduct a full examination of gastroenterology.
episodic treatment of constipation in the adult human comprising administering a laxative, preferably a mild laxative herbal.Also as the therapeutic agent of the enema can be done liters of water at room temperature.
chronic constipation treatment is never carried out by means of drugs or enemas because they are addictive, and further bowel movements without these means would be difficult.In short, long-term use, they only aggravate the existing problem.If there are serious disturbances in the body, such as a tumor or inflammation of the colon, medications can lead to a sharp deterioration in health status, so that the required emergency hospitalization.
main therapeutic measures for chronic constipation are as follows:
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