12 August

Heartburn - Causes, Treatment , Symptoms


Heartburn - a burning sensation behind the breastbone caused by gastroesophageal reflux.So called phenomenon in which part of the stomach contents into the esophagus.His mucous membranes have a neutral level of PH, and the acidic gastric juice is on the walls of the esophagus burns of varying degrees.

In the literal translation from English "heartburn» ( «heartburn») designates a burning heart.In fact, irritation of the esophagus does not have anything to do with cardiac disease.Except in cases where the symptoms of heart attack and other heart disease is mistaken for an attack of heartburn.

main symptoms of heartburn

Recurrent bouts of heartburn are not harmless.Especially in light of the fact that the highest intensity of heartburn symptoms are usually observed at night time sleep.Therefore, a person almost does not feel discomfort.On the morning of the last attack may indicate a sour-bitter taste in the mouth.

main symptom of daytime heartburn - a burning sensation or pain behind

the breastbone.In severe forms of Guthrie-esophageal disease may cough or breathlessness, hoarseness, chronic sore throat when swallowing, susceptibility to respiratory infections.

duration of attack of heartburn - 2 hours and longer.Most often throw acidic stomach contents into the esophagus occurs in 20-30 minutes after a meal when bending or lying down.

Causes Heartburn

physiological causes heartburn, iethe mechanism of gastric juice entering the esophagus cavity is easily explained.

food in the stomach mass and secretory organ fluid retained by means of the lower esophageal sphincter.It skips food in the stomach and prevents reverse current of the liquid into the esophagus.The cause of heartburn becomes loose closing of the sphincter or delayed opening.

Light form of heartburn is not dangerous.From time to time it suffers every 10th inhabitant of the planet, and about 50% of all pregnant women.In the latter case, the cause of heartburn is the forced opening of the esophageal sphincter fruit of large size.That is why heartburn - the bane of most women in the second half of pregnancy.

Obesity - is another possible cause of heartburn, also caused by the forced opening of the lower esophageal sphincter.For food, weakening the tone of the sphincter and, accordingly, provoking bouts of heartburn include:

  • tomatoes,
  • onions,
  • garlic,
  • citrus,
  • chocolate,
  • alcohol,
  • coffee,
  • mint tea.

In people predisposed to GORD, the cause of heartburn may make excessive consumption of animal and vegetable fats.

One possible reason for heartburn - stress, causes increased secretion of gastric juice, as well as smoking, time which irritate the esophagus.

Chronic Heartburn - a symptom of serious problems of the gastrointestinal tract:

  • gastric ulcer and / or duodenal ulcer,
  • gastritis,
  • pancreatitis,
  • biliary dyskinesia,
  • cholecystitis,
  • cholelithiasis,
  • cancer of the esophagus, stomach or pancreas.

Treatment of heartburn

Early treatment of heartburn is extremely important for the prevention of the narrowing of the esophagus and the development of its functional insufficiency.In cases where the gastroesophageal reflux disease - is just one of the symptoms of a more serious illness, acid reflux treatment involved doctors of narrow specialties: gastroenterology, oncology, toxicology.

major role in the conservative treatment of heartburn plays dietetics.All patients for the prevention of GORD and ease discomfort in time attack split meals is recommended (5-6 times a day in small portions).

It is also recommended to limit the consumption of foods that irritate the mucous membrane of the esophagus and at least an hour after eating to stay upright.By

medications for heartburn include medications, anti-foaming agents, reduce bloating: Espumizan, Milikon, Gerbion etc.heartburn treatment using so-called antigas agents used usually in children.

In adults, the standard treatment for heartburn is the use of antacid medications - antacids and enveloping means heartburn and adsorbents: Maalox, Gastal, Almagel, etc.

Children systematic treatment of heartburn means of this type can lead to the development of rickets.

Part of the conservative treatment of heartburn are also antiemetic drugs and remedies for heartburn, stimulates the bowels: Reglan, metoclopramide, Domstal, Gastrosil.

in the surgical treatment of heartburn the method of Nissen fundoplication.It is a compulsory wrapping the upper stomach around the esophagus to form a cuff that holds the gastric juice in the body cavity.

Surgical treatment is highly effective for heartburn.However, it requires a long pre-operative examination and is rarely used for heartburn in children.

Folk remedies for heartburn

One of the most effective folk remedies for heartburn is Kalinovoye jam.To cook the berries harvested in late autumn, freed from seeds and cook as usual jam.To prepare this remedy for heartburn at 1 kg of berries of Viburnum taken 1.5-2 kg of sugar and 4-5 glasses of water.There is a jam in the treatment of heartburn need a tablespoon several times a day.

Another effective folk remedy for heartburn - fresh potato juice.It is used not only in the treatment of heartburn, but also in the treatment of gastritis or gastric ulcer.To make this remedy for heartburn you need to stir it in a glass of potato juice one tablespoon of honey.The mixture is recommended to drink half a cup a day, preferably before bedtime and in the morning before breakfast.

Among folk remedies for heartburn is also called celery.Fresh or dried roots of this plant are used for the preparation of infusions.The recipe for heartburn folk remedy is as follows: 2 teaspoons of chopped root should pour a glass of boiling water and infuse 30 minutes.Drink infusion to 3 times a day for half an hour before meals.

Due to the fact that burning sensation behind the sternum may be a symptom of severe gastrointestinal disease, all the folk remedies for heartburn should be used only after consulting a doctor.

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