12 August

Male Infertility - Treatment , Causes, Symptoms

Male infertility

General characteristics of the disease

Male infertility - this is not a man's ability to fertilize the female egg naturally.Infertility becomes a medical problem when the pair for a year or more of regular sexual intercourse is not possible to conceive a child.

In 30% of cases the cause is male factor infertility.35% are problems with the reproductive health of a woman.In 15% of cases diagnosed in the combined male and female infertility.And the remaining 20% ​​are so-called idiopathic infertility, ieof unknown etiology.

Causes of male infertility

The causes of male infertility include the pathology of spermatogenesis (sperm production), as well as erectile dysfunction and ejaculation.The first group of male infertility factors, the most common.

According to WHO causes of male infertility can be psychosexual, infectious, immunological or endocrine nature.For male infertility often cause testicular trauma, varicoceles (varicose veins in the spermatic cord) and the fo

llowing pathology of spermatogenesis:

  • azoospermia (absence of sperm living motile sperm),
  • astenospremiya (low sperm motility),
  • nekrospermiya (presence in seedliquid large number of non-viable sperm),
  • teratospermia (violation of the structure of sperm),
  • Parvisemia (deficit ejaculate),
  • polyspermy (excessive amount of seminal fluid), etc.

Among the causes of male infertility caused by sperm production disorders, also called a hydrocele or hydrocele, cryptorchidism (undescended testicle into the scrotum), benign and malignant tumors of the testes.

For male infertility factors include mumps virus, called colloquially mumps.Other infectious diseases, cause of male infertility, rank as syphilis, chlamydia, trichomoniasis and gonorrhea.These diseases, sexually transmitted infections, not only affect the quality of sperm, but may cause problems with erection and ejaculation, as well as urethral pathology.

For male infertility factors include passage of a course of radiation or chemical therapy, long reception of antibiotics or steroids anaboliticheskih.

Male infertility immunological nature provoke alcohol and drug abuse, stress, vitamin deficiency, systematic overheating, a sedentary lifestyle and excessive exercise regularly.

diagnosis of male infertility

Male infertility is diagnosed after examination and consultation with a general practitioner, urologist, endocrinologist, genetics and pathology.For the diagnosis of male need to pass general and urogenital examination, pass the semen analysis, check cytological composition of the seminal vesicles and prostate secretion.

In the diagnosis of male infertility is obligatory check for genital infections: chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis, herpes virus, cytomegalovirus.A patient with a preliminary diagnosis of "male sterility", shall be required hormonal screening.The man is also directed to a pelvic ultrasound and thyroid.

In severe cases the diagnosis of male infertility causes of recommended renal venography, MRI or X-ray of the skull, and testicular biopsy.

treatment of male infertility

In the conservative treatment of male infertility hormonal etiology used drugs gonadotropin, estrogen antagonists, glucocorticoids or testosterone.Selecting the drug depends on type of hormonal pathologies.

Retrograde ejaculation is one of the factors of male infertility psychosexual nature, treated courses of antidepressants.Patients with impaired sperm ejection, in whose history has operations in the area of ​​the bladder neck, require a different approach to her.In the treatment of male infertility of this type are used collagen injections directly into the bladder neck

Surgical treatment of male infertility is used for varicocele.The operation is performed endoscopically or open way with transperitoneal access.If the cause of male infertility - impaired patency of the vas deferens, the patient is shown holding vazoepididimoanastomoza or vazoorhoanastomoza.

in the pathology of erection or ejaculation on a background of undisturbed spermatogenesis possible medical sperm fence for subsequent fertilization of the egg.Withdrawal of sperm in male infertility occurs via puncture of the testicles or microsurgical way.

Thanks to assisted reproductive technologies modern couples manage to conceive a child, even in cases of severe male infertility itself.Zhelannaya pregnancy is due to intrauterine insemination or egg in vitro fertilization.

Folk treatment of male infertility

in the treatment of male infertility folk medicine is widely used herbal medicine.For herbs, reviving virility, include Platanthera bifolia, Orchis men, mugwort, levzei carthamoides, a jug yellow, wild ginger, etc.The roots and leaves of these plants are used to make healing concoctions.

Very often in the national treatment of male infertility are used seeds and nuts: fenugreek, asparagus, plantain, nettle, pine and cedar.

is impossible to overestimate the role of nutrition in the treatment of male infertility folk remedies.To normalize hormonal men recommended to eat plant hormones.They are found in nuts, pomegranate and quince juice, sorrel, sage.

as aromatherapy in the national treatment of male infertility are used oils of rose, sandalwood, geranium, jasmine, clary sage.They are recommended to be used during the massage or add a few drops in the bath.More effective massage bath with thermal procedures - improved function of the sebaceous and sweat glands, accelerated blood flow, the skin becomes elastic and ellastichnogo.

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