12 August

ARI - the symptoms , complications , treatment, prevention

Acute respiratory infections

What is ARD and what is their difference from SARS?

term ARI (acute respiratory infections) - is the name of not one but a number of infectious diseases that affect the upper respiratory tract and is transmitted by airborne droplets.With respect to diseases that have a viral nature, used another term - SARS (severe respiratory viral infection), however, it is worth noting that in most cases of ARI also develop as a result of the activities of viral infections.Given this fact, it can be concluded that both the term and ARI ARI represent virtually the same group of diseases.

most common acute respiratory infections in children and adults are provoked by influenza viruses, adenovirus, rhinovirus and RS-infection.In everyday life they are called in one word - "cold".The child who goes to kindergarten or school, ARI observed an average of 5-6 times a year.Children with weakened immune systems the infection hit twice as often.Every year in Russia there are nearly 45 millio

n. Cases of SARS and influenza, and 30% of them falls on children.

Researchers estimate and economic harm from acute respiratory infections.As a result of diseases of the working population and the free vaccination in the prevention of acute respiratory infections every year, our state loses about 15 billion. Rubles.

Mechanisms of ARI

distinctive feature of ARI - symptoms that indicate the defeat of the upper respiratory tract epithelium.This is where there is an accumulation of pathogens, their primary deposition and reproduction.Later virus activity leads to the development of inflammatory processes and various complications associated with disorders of the vital systems of the body.From person to person ARD transmitted by airborne droplets, and can also serve animals in some cases the source of infection.

ARI - symptoms and possible complications

Since infections affect the upper respiratory tract, it is possible to identify a number of ARI symptoms typical of all types:

  • sore throat;
  • cough;
  • hoarseness;
  • runny nose;
  • feeling of weakness;
  • muscle pain;
  • temperature rise.

Some diseases ARI lead to an increase in the lymph nodes, clogged bronchial tubes, pain behind the sternum, the development of pharyngitis and pneumonia.If a diagnosis of ARI treatment was inadequate or not carried out, patients face the risk of serious complications.The most common cause of infection:

  • clouding of consciousness;
  • hemorrhage in the internal organs;
  • bleeding from the nose;
  • defeat peripheral nerves;
  • suffocation due to constriction of the larynx;
  • exacerbations of asthma;
  • severe pain when swallowing food.

ARI especially dangerous during pregnancy because they can threaten the baby's health, cause irreversible changes in the fetus or premature birth.

Treatment ARI

Since ARI include a whole group of different infections, there are many products and techniques designed to cure patients.Note also that the mild and moderate forms of ARI, as a rule, do not require specific treatment, but doctors recommend the use of "home" means for the relief of the most acute symptoms.In severe disease patients showed emergency treatment, while bacterial acute respiratory infections - antibiotics.

If fever should be selective when choosing antipyretics and use them only in cases when the temperature rises above 39 degrees, the patient feels severe muscle pain or headaches, in the presence of severe heart disease.Acute respiratory infections in children treated with paracetamol, which is considered the safest drug.Aspirin, analgin, phenacetin and antipyrine - contraindicated, as they have serious side effects.In addition, please note that it is recommended to take antipyretics not permanently, but only with the new temperature rise.

To improve nasal breathing used vasoconstrictive drops.They are suitable for use in the first three days after the disease since long-term use can enhance rhinitis.If the baby is more than 6 years, the drops can be replaced by nasal sprays.

Bronchial obstruction requires immediate measures, especially if it is accompanied by rapid breathing, difficulty breath, anxiety and increased PCO2 due to lower PO2.Preparations for removing the obstruction entered using a nebulizer or inhaler.

antitussive agent indicated for dry cough.The most commonly used: glaucine, butamirata, oxeladin and other narcotic drugs.Expectorants should be taken with caution.In the treatment of acute respiratory disease in children, they can cause an allergic reaction and severe vomiting.With long-lasting cough sick ARI appointed anti-inflammatory drugs: inhaled steroids fenspirid, fyuzafyunzhin.

Treatment of ARI in pregnancy

Probably every doctor agrees that the expectant mother is better not to take any medication, however, start to drift ARI is also not the best option.A woman should always consult with your doctor, who will select the most safe products.In the treatment of acute respiratory infections in pregnant women can take: multivitamin preparations on the basis of paracetamol, bioparoks, Aqua Maris, pinosol, cough syrups, various folk remedies, for example, a decoction of chamomile, sage or eucalyptus.Strictly contraindicated almost all antibiotics, aspirin, dietary supplements, galazolin, Naphthyzinum, ambraksol, calendula tincture.

Prevention ARI

Any child will get sick ARI, despite all the tricks of the parents, but you can minimize the number of diseases and make sure that the infection occurred without serious complications.To this should be tempered children, provide them with proper, nutritious food, take care of the physical development of the child, strengthen the immune system.During the annual incidence of outbreaks of acute respiratory diseases, it is desirable to minimize trips to public transport and increase the walks.Prevention of ARI with antibiotics is not effective, that there is not solid to us from TV screens all kinds of "experts".

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