12 August

Chronic periodontitis - treatment , symptoms

Periodontitis

Brief description of the disease

To start with a few words about what is periodontitis.Simply put - this tissue that "hold" the tooth, in particular: the gums, bone, ligament and mucosa.Periodontal disease is diagnosed in cases when the infection somehow gets into the mouth and begins to destroy a bunch of the tooth root to the bone, which leads to progressive tissue necrosis, and eventually tooth loss.WHO experts say that there are some signs of periodontitis in 80% of the adult population of the Earth.Widespread periodontitis is caused by a number of factors, chief among them - the lack of concern for the health and beauty of their teeth and the treatment to the dentist only when the inflammatory process leads to irreversible consequences!

reasons periodontitis

Round the clock, hundreds of thousands of bacteria live and die in the mouth of every person.Their metabolic products accumulate on the teeth in the form of a plaque.When brushing your teeth, this plaque is remo

ved, but the re-formed after a few hours.Within 2-3 days he was cured and transformed into tartar.Get rid of it only with the help of professional cleaning in the dental clinic as and brush and floss in this case will be powerless.In most cases, the absence of basic hygiene of the oral cavity in humans begins to develop periodontal disease, the symptoms of which are felt at almost any age.

first time on the teeth causes a slight irritation of the gums and gingivitis, but then continued inflammation leads to the formation of "pockets" - the empty space between the teeth and gums, which is filled with bacteria and food debris.As a result, running, chronic parodontin leads to bone destruction and tooth loss.

addition of tartar and periodontitis is caused by some other reasons:

  • smoking, chewing tobacco - nicotine lowers immunity, creates a favorable environment for bacterial growth, impairs the healing process of periodontal tissues destroyed;
  • bad heredity - when periodontal disease is associated with a genetic predisposition to the disease a person - dental cleaning and oral hygiene are practically ineffective;
  • drugs - known that antidepressant medications for colds and some other groups of drugs contain substances that reduce the production of saliva.However, it serves an important function decontamination and accordingly, when reducing the amount of secretion - increased rate of formation of dental plaque;
  • diabetes and some other diseases can also cause periodontitis (treated in this scenario implies a compulsory redemption of the underlying causes of disease, because without strengthening the immune system, further measures have no meaning);
  • bad food - if a standard human diet does not include foods rich in calcium as well as vitamins B and C, the risk of developing periodontitis increases several times.

Periodontitis - symptoms

All periodontal inflammation can be divided into acute and chronic.Acute (generalized) periodontitis has the following symptoms:

  • throbbing in the gums;
  • constant itching;
  • tooth mobility;
  • halitosis;
  • discomfort when chewing;
  • hypersensitivity necks of the teeth.

Over time, the gums become even more painful, swollen, bleeding profusely when brushing your teeth.In addition, generalized periodontitis makes itself felt during meals, when the remnants of food stuck in "pockets", begin to rot and cause multiple stimulation of periodontal tissues.Some patients with acute form enhances the appearance of the body temperature and general weakness.

Chronic periodontitis develops in undertreated acute form.It is characterized by the same symptoms, but the disease is much more intense.Pain can be so severe that a person is forced to give up brushing.He thereby exacerbating the disease.Also, chronic periodontitis is characterized by a change in gum color, the appearance of gaps between teeth, difficulty chewing and loss of individual teeth.The depth of "pockets" often exceed 5-7 mm.In periods of acute inflammation a person feels weak, sharp throbbing pain, malaise.Perhaps the emergence of heart failure symptoms and pus in the affected areas of tissue.

Periodontitis - treatment

disease complex therapeutic measures should plan dentist.This means that when the diagnosis of periodontitis treatment of folk remedies is an additional method for controlling the disease, but not a substitute for surgical and therapeutic methods.

If periodontal disease has been detected at an early stage of development, the treatment is a professional teeth cleaning, scaling and polishing the tooth surface.The crown and root are treated with special brushes, which are processed with fluorine-containing protective structures.Hardened dental deposits are removed by machining or ultrasound.In particularly severe cases, doctors use curettage - fat removal procedure by means of special hooks.

If the depth of tooth "pockets" greater than 5 mm - patients recommended surgery.The main objective of the operation - to remove the cavity to stop the absorption of tissues and to do everything possible to ensure that the tooth has gained stability.Elimination of pathological mobility made by means of temporary or permanent prosthesis tires.Since

and generalized periodontitis and chronic periodontitis are among the infectious and inflammatory diseases, experts usually prescribe effective antibiotics by patients.Preference is given tetracycline or lincomycin.In addition, patients should take care of strengthening the immune system and increase the body's defenses.For this purpose a common vitamins and minerals, as well as special vehicles - immunocorrectors.Of course, the treatment of periodontitis can not do without the timely filling of the patients teeth, bite correction and correction of other local risk factors.

Periodontitis - treatment of folk remedies

Recipes of traditional medicine can only help in the early stages of the disease.With the development of the inflammatory process, you should immediately consult a doctor and not self-abuse.Now the most common recipes:

  • 6 grams of dried leaves of bilberry pour a glass of boiled water and boiled for 20 minutes on low heat.Then the broth is cooled and filtered.The cure rinse the mouth every 2-3 hours;
  • 2 teaspoons of calendula flowers welded in 2 cups of boiling water.The tool is used to rinse the mouth every 3-4 hours;
  • with strong bleeding gums is helpful to rinse your mouth with a tincture from the leaves of blackberry;
  • good against periodontitis helps decoction of St. John's wort.2 tablespoons herbs pour 2 cups boiling water and brought to readiness on low heat for 5 minutes.Broth is necessary to insist 4 hours then strain and use to rinse the mouth 3 times a day.

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