Why increases acetone in children

Acetone is known as an organic solvent.This is the first element in a series of ketones.The name is derived from the German word Ā«aketonĀ», lost the letter "a."In the human body to produce energy, sequential biochemical transformations occur foods to release ATP.The emergence of acetone in children constitutes a violation of the progress of the energy cycle.supply of cells is expressed in the total formula products (proteins, fats, carbohydrates) - a molecule of glucose - the energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate, which is not possible without the vital activity of cells.Unused glucose molecules together in a chain.This forms glycogen in the liver, which is used when a lack of energy.It appears in the blood of acetone in children more often than adults, because the child's liver glycogen stores are very few.The molecules of glucose are not used as "fuel" once again turn to the proteins and fatty acids.Their properties are not such that were in the food.Therefore splitting own stocks takes place in

the same way, but with the formation of metabolites - ketones.

mechanism of appearance in the blood of the children of acetone

appearance of acetone in the blood and urine test result is due to the biochemical reaction gluconeogenesis, ie the formation of glucose from not digesting food, but from the fat reserves and protein reserves.Normally, ketone bodies in the blood should not be.Their function usually ends at the cellular level, that is, the place of education.The presence of ketones, the body signals that there is a lack of energy.So there is a feeling of hunger at the cellular level.

When blood enters the acetone in children develops ketonemia.Ketones freely circulating toxic effect on the central nervous system.At low concentrations of ketone bodies excitation occurs.With exorbitant amounts - depression of consciousness up to coma.

When ketones reach critical numbers appears ketonuria.In urinalysis ketone bodies found that the human body produces three kinds of them, because their properties are the same in point assays acetone content.

elevated acetone in children

The causes of elevated acetone in children before his appearance in the urine are the following processes:

  • The lack of glucose in the diet - kids remain without sweet;
  • increased glucose consumption.Provoke stressful conditions, increased physical and mental stress.Also, the rapid combustion of carbohydrates contribute to disease, trauma, surgery;
  • imbalance of power.The baby food predominate fats and proteins that are difficult to process into glucose, resulting in the deposition of nutrients "in reserve".A mechanism neoglyukogeneza immediately when needed.

most dangerous of the reasons for the appearance of ketone bodies in the blood is triggered by diabetes.Thus the amount of glucose in the body even increased, but it is not absorbed by cells due to lack of conductor - insulin.

acetonemia children

Concerning visiting acetone analyzes in children, Komorowski said that, first of all, it depends on metabolic disorders.First, uric acid.As a result, blood appear purines, impaired assimilation of carbohydrates and fats, there is the central nervous system excitement.

The secondary reasons that appears acetone in children Komorowski considers the following diseases:

  • Endocrine;
  • Infectious;
  • Surgical;
  • Somatic.

Release of ketone bodies in the blood is influenced by precipitating factors, such as:

  • Stress - strong positive or negative emotions;
  • physical fatigue;
  • Prolonged exposure to sunlight;
  • Errors supply.

without diabetes in children acetone in the blood occurs between the ages of one and thirteen years as a result of the following triggering factors:

  • need to move exceeds the amount of energy;
  • Insufficient development of hepatic glycogen depots;
  • Lack of enzymes used for processing appeared ketones.

When acetone in children already appears in the urine, a complete clinical picture unfolds insipidus ketoacidosis.

Clinical manifestations of acetone in children

acetonuria When children experience the following symptoms:

  • Vomiting after ingestion of any food or liquids, including plain water;
  • Abdominal cramps;
  • Dehydration: infrequent urination, dry skin, the appearance of blush, coated tongue;
  • smell of rotten apples out of his mouth, from urine and vomit child.

The examination is determined by increasing the size of the liver.Laboratory data suggest the appearance of a violation of carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism, increased acidity due to ketones.The most important method of diagnosis of acetone in children is urine.To confirm the diagnosis test strips are used in the home.Their color turns pink when immersed in urine and in severe ketonuria in children becomes a purple stripe.

acetonemia treatment in children

The first step is to provide the body with glucose.To do this, the child should be given a sweet.To ingestion Do not induce vomiting, for this purpose, fruit drinks, fruit drinks, sweet tea (with honey or sugar), one teaspoonful every five minutes.To display ketones acetonemia treatment in children involves cleansing enemas.

Diet for acetone in children includes products with lots of carbohydrate: semolina, oatmeal, mashed potatoes, vegetable soups.It is forbidden to give fast food, chips, fatty, smoked and spicy dishes.Proper diet for children acetonemia necessarily includes sweets: fruit, honey, jam.In severe cases, children are subject to immediate hospitalization.

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