Proper treatment of chickenpox in children

specific treatment for chickenpox in children does not exist, as the virus, provoking the emergence of the disease, is a type of herpes (Varicella zoster).Thus, only symptomatic therapy.The incubation period of the disease is 21 days, the rash can last from 3 to 7 days.During this time, the body copes with the virus on their own, and then to it produced a strong immunity.Antibiotics and other drugs are only relevant in the case of infection of accession and festering wounds.Typically, these effects occur as a result of scratching the rash child, accompanying the chicken pox.

For successful treatment of chickenpox children need to drink plenty of fluids.Drinks, especially with the C vitamin, cleanse the body of toxins and prevent the development of complications.

Modern treatment of chickenpox in children

Modern treatment of chickenpox in children is aimed primarily at the removal and prevention of itching and sores festering bubble.Complex therapy includes:

  • hygiene;
  • Medication.

used to be that when the chicken pox is not allowed contact with the affected places with water.In the present treatment of chickenpox children are increasingly allowed to swim - because water is not only relaxing, but also washes off the sweat and dirt, and this helps to alleviate the itching.However, some limitations are still there.In particular, it is prohibited:

  • Use detergents.Soap, shampoo, shower gel, bath foam should not be in contact with inflamed skin;
  • a long time in the water.Taking a shower best long, but often - about 3-4 times a day.bathing in the bath time is also reduced to a minimum, while the water can be added a weak solution of potassium permanganate, which has antiseptic properties and helps drying the rash.Dr. Komarovsky in the treatment of chickenpox in children recommends adding to the bath a bit of baking soda, because it is better to remove the itch;
  • Use sponges and washcloths.These funds increase the damage and ulcers itching;
  • Thoroughly wipe.It should be carefully blot your skin with a soft towel.The next bathing it is necessary to replace clean.

water temperature should not be warmer than 37-38 ° C.After a shower or bath at the request of a rash can be treated with a solution of brilliant green.

common opinion that after the "green stuff" sores do not itch, does not correspond to the truth.The solution does not help to treat chicken pox, but it is useful as a marker to determine the date when the child will no longer be contagious.This occurs at day 5 after the last appearance of pimples.

Water procedures are not allowed if the child has a high fever or pustules.In these cases, the swimming is better to postpone until the acute process subsides.

the treatment of chickenpox in children Komarovsky advises to follow the rules of skin care:

  • briefly cut nails.Scratching the rash can lead to additional inflammatory process, as the bacteria can easily penetrate through the wound;
  • use baby mittens.They are necessary at night, as in a dream child may unknowingly be scratched;
  • provide optimal climatic conditions.The dry heat and sweating increased, which leads to increased itchiness, so the room should always be fresh and cool, moist air;
  • change clothes.Bed and underwear must be made of cotton fabric and change daily.

Medication chickenpox

the treatment of chickenpox in children drugs are divided into 3 groups:

  • antiherpethetical;
  • Antihistamines;
  • soothing.

From antiherpetic means the most safe and effective acyclovir, but it is prescribed only for severe.This antiviral drug is also used in neonates or chickenpox congenital form of the disease.Acyclovir action based on the fact that it penetrates into the cells affected by virus and stop their proliferation.

Antihistamines in the treatment of children chickenpox can be assigned both internally and topically.Before their use obligatory consultation with the pediatrician.In suprastin, tavegil diazolin and have serious side effects - sedation, incoordination, nausea, tachyphylaxis.In addition, their effect is short.Loratadine, cetirizine and Citrine - safer.

antipruritic ointments and gels can not be used simultaneously with tablets or syrups.Overdose danger also arises, if abundantly spread each zit.

addition to reducing the itching, antihistamines have little sedative effects.Peace - this is another important aspect of the treatment of chickenpox in children.Crying and whims of the strong itching shaking the nervous system of the child.The more relaxed he is, the more quickly the body cope with the virus.Following the approval of a doctor can use homeopathic remedies - Valerianahel, Nervohel, Nott.A decoction of chamomile or mint and valerian tincture or Leonurus also able to help the child calm down.

In extreme cases, and only by a physician or take Phenibut Phenazepam.

Under no circumstances during the treatment of chickenpox children should not be given aspirin.This can lead to irreversible damage to the liver.Fever removed using paracetamol or ibuprofen.This is vitally important to prevent dehydration.

as prevention of the disease can be vaccinated, which can prevent the development of dangerous potential complications, such as varicella encephalitis.If you get vaccinated within 72 hours of infection, it is possible to facilitate for chickenpox or completely block it.

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