12 August

Thrombophlebitis - types , symptoms, treatment


Brief description of the disease

thrombophlebitis - a disease that is characterized by inflammation of the vein wall and thrombus formation on it.First, there is phlebitis - inflammation of the veins.If untreated, as a result of inflammation are formed on the wall of the vein unevenness occurs and slowing of blood flow in these areas formed blood clots, called thrombi.thrombophlebitis of extremities develops most often.


thrombophlebitis thrombophlebitis may provoke infectious agents, as well as the violation of the integrity of the venous wall.The infection can get on the wall of the vein from the surrounding tissues, and transported through the blood and lymph.Thrombophlebitis can cause diseases such as influenza, tuberculosis, erysipelas, tonsillitis, pneumonia, scarlet fever, tooth decay.Varicose veins, pregnancy, long bed rest, poor heart function leads to slower venous blood flow, resulting in thrombosis may occur.

Another one of the causes of the diseas

e is to change the composition of the blood and its ability to clotting.This can occur when administered to certain medications, blood clots.Immunosuppression and violation of the nervous and endocrine systems in a number of cases may be predisposing factors for developing the disease.The appearance of the disease can provoke abortion, surgery, trauma and prolonged catheterization of the veins.

Types thrombophlebitis

are acute and chronic thrombophlebitis, thrombophlebitis, depending on the location of veins - thrombophlebitis of deep and superficial veins.

acute deep vein thrombophlebitis develops suddenly and quickly.There is pain at the site of injury, edema, fever, general condition of the patient has worsened.In the absence or delay in the treatment of deep vein thrombophlebitis can take a chronic form.

chronic deep vein thrombosis is characterized by periodic exacerbations, prolonged course of illness.extremity thrombophlebitis appear edema, which increases with prolonged standing or walking.The pain can disturb not strong or absent.

thrombophlebitis of superficial veins in the acute form is characterized by a stabbing pain in the course of diseased saphenous vein, limb edema.The body in the visible red stripes that appear in areas affected veins, the feeling soreness and seal veins.There is a rise in temperature to 38 ° C, the increase in lymph nodes.If the disease is left untreated, it can take a chronic form or trigger the development of cellulitis or abscess.

Symptoms of thrombophlebitis

thrombophlebitis Symptoms depend on its shape and location.

limbs Thrombophlebitis characterized by pain and swelling, fever.Symptoms of thrombophlebitis in the defeat of deep vein - so strong that leave them unattended impossible.Severe pain causes the patient to seek medical help or use folk remedies.When thrombophlebitis leg edema in addition, there is a feeling of fullness and tension in the leg, it feels colder than healthy.

When thrombophlebitis limb skin - pale and shiny, can be tinged with blue.It changes the color of the skin and in the course of the inflamed veins - appears red.Acute thrombosis may go into purulent, which is characterized by the appearance of lesions at the site of ulcers and abscesses.Lack of treatment can lead to cellulitis - purulent inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue.

Treatment of thrombophlebitis thrombophlebitis

Treatment depends on the type and location, and can be conservative and surgical.

Conservative treatment involves strict bed rest with the ability to keep the skin surface on the dais.For this purpose the tire.In subacute and chronic form is allowed to apply a hot compress to improve circulation.

Treatment of thrombophlebitis hot compress in acute - contraindicated.In order to reduce the pain, is used for the blockade Wisniewski (novocaine injection into the affected tissue side).Good effect in the chronic form of the disease gives physiotherapy.thrombophlebitis Treatment includes receiving anticoagulants - drugs that reduce blood clotting.Hirudotherapy can be used, if there are contraindications to anticoagulation.Leeches thin the blood and reduce clotting.

Surgical treatment includes operations such as tying veins venectomy, dissection and excision of nodes saphenous veins, which are blood clots.

People's treatment of thrombophlebitis

People's treatment of thrombophlebitis is used to reduce the symptoms of the disease symptoms: pain, swelling and inflammation of veins.

to reduce inflammation is applied to the affected veins of the leaves of lilac, used the infusion of nettle leaves.It is necessary to follow a diet that excludes meat intake, fish and any fried food.

also used herbs such as yarrow, immortelle.Good help birch leaves, buckthorn bark, leaves cranberries.Because herbs and leaves make a decoction and drink it before meals.

For compresses well suited alcoholate acacia flowers, this is a good resolving agent.You can bandage with sea buckthorn oil.

In any case, national treatment of thrombophlebitis must necessarily be under the supervision of a doctor.use of folk remedies can not be unchecked.

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