12 August

Enterovirus infection - symptoms, diagnosis , treatment

Enterovirus infection

Background

Under enterovirus infection refers to acute gastrointestinal disease caused by enteroviruses.At the moment, there are more than 60 species of pathogens of enterovirus infection.All are classified into four groups depending on the serotype.The most common enterovirus infection provoked by the activities of coxsackie virus and polio.Risk of enterovirus infection is that it activators are extremely high resistance to aggressive environmental factors.They can be stored for a long time in the damp soil and water, and then getting into the human body through the city water or contaminated food.

In early 2008, China's large-scale enterovirus infection in children was recorded.Its called EV71 virus, which does not manifest itself in the last few decades.It enters the body through the mucous membranes of the digestive tract or upper respiratory tract and then spreads through the rest of the organs through the circulatory system, affecting, among other things, lungs and b

rain.Enterovirus infection was detected in more than 15,000 children, 20 of them died.This fact once again reminds us that in the diagnosis of enterovirus infection and must be treated immediately and be comprehensive.

Way

infection in the external environment pathogens fall enterovirus infection of the intestinal tract and nasopharynx, which defines the main ways of infection: airborne, water, food, contact-household.The role of specific factors in the mechanism of transmission to the end is not clear, however timing the incubation period may vary depending on the condition of the human immune system, characteristics of the particular virus species and environmental conditions.As a rule, enterovirus infection is fairly easy and does not lead to any serious complications.However, advanced forms of enterovirus infections affect a variety of organs and systems, provoke the development of serious illnesses and in some cases are fatal, we are, in fact, observed during the Chinese epidemic.

symptoms of enterovirus infection

After the incubation period, patients have early warning signs of enterovirus infection:

  • fever;
  • headache;
  • pain in the abdominal area;
  • nausea and sometimes vomiting.

These symptoms of enteroviral infections are mild, but in some cases, the infection does not manifest itself.More serious symptoms are observed only after entering the bloodstream pathogens and their distribution on the vital systems of the body.Since then, the patients begin to complain about:

  • fever;
  • rash on the hands and feet;
  • limb edema;
  • sores in the mouth.

If enterovirus infection continues to develop, and the patient is not taking any measures to get rid of it, the case may go to serious complications: meningitis, encephalitis, pulmonary edema and even paralysis.Launched enterovirus infection in children and adults, resulting in death or significant brain damage and disability.

In recent years, children are increasingly revealed the so-called small enterovirus infection.It is characterized by mild fever, weakness, muscle pain, and usually goes away by itself after 2-3 days, without causing marked changes in the individual organs.

Diagnostics

disease Enterovirus infection in adults is established only on the basis of laboratory results.Their conduct may take some time, and this patient's life, it is desirable to isolate the other family members.Due to the rapid spread of infection every case of infection subject to registration.At the same time conducted unannounced survey of people who had contact with the patient.If in the course of investigations confirmed the diagnosis of enterovirus infection, the symptoms and the clinical course of the disease are recorded in a separate map of the epidemiological investigation.

treatment of enterovirus infection

Currently, specific treatments of enterovirus infection exists.In the acute phase patients assigned bed rest, vitamin-rich diet, drinking plenty of fluids (vomiting and diarrhea can cause dehydration).If enterovirus infection in children is accompanied by high fever and severe headache and muscle pain, the patient is recommended analgesics and antipyretics.When diarrhea is advisable to use drugs to restore the water-salt balance, for example, rehydron.Antibiotics are only used in cases of secondary bacterial infections.

developed diet must meet the following conditions:

  • excluded from the diet foods that increase peristalsis (sweets, soft drinks, sausage, black bread, fresh vegetables and fruits, fatty and fried foods);
  • food must be easily digestible;
  • desirable to completely abandon the use of dairy products;
  • if enterovirus infection in adults and children accompanied by putrefaction, patients need to have baked apples, which absorb toxic substances;
  • food is best to give often, but in small portions.This applies to both adults and children.

prevention of enterovirus infection is aimed at the improvement of the sanitary sources of fresh water, personal hygiene, disinfection of sewage, providing the population with fresh, quality food and clean drinking water.

Latest Blog Post

Acute abscess - Treatment , Symptoms
August 12, 2017

Periostitis (flux) talk, talk, and will be discussed - is necessary to visit the dentist not because it is already ill, and to prevent dis...

Periodontitis is a chronic and acute - treatment , symptoms
August 12, 2017

Periodontitis Periodontium - a set of tissues that lie between the root of the tooth and the alveolus (tooth well).One of the most common ...

Pericarditis - treatment , symptoms , prevention
August 12, 2017

Pericarditis Brief description of the disease pericarditis - an inflammation of the pericardium.Sometimes acute and chronic pericarditis and...