12 August

Enterocolitis - symptoms, diagnosis , treatment


enterocolitis called inflammatory bowel disease.This term has two components - enteritis, or inflammation of the small intestine, and colitis or inflammation of the colon.Since the entire intestine is a tube communicating, then, as a rule, is not an isolated or isolated colitis enteritis, as a process that began in the same department, will inevitably extend to the other.In the early stages of the disease, however, the possibilities and limitations enteritis, colitis and limited, but the treatment is not a big deal, because the complex of therapeutic measures aimed at treatment of enterocolitis in general.

ENTEROCOLITIS the most common disease of the gastrointestinal tract, particularly common enterocolitis in children.Perhaps there is no person who has not experienced the symptoms of enterocolitis in the acute form.This is what is popularly called "stomach flu" or "food poisoning stale."

reasons enterocolitis enterocolitis

reasons are many.Often this infection enters the body wi

th poor quality products or contaminated utensils, hands, water.Enterocolitis in children most often it is bacterial, and arise from the violation of the rules of hygiene, as a child himself (licking dirty fingers, eating unwashed vegetables) and its environment (widespread outbreaks of enterocolitis in children's institutions due to violation of rules of cooking).

cause of enterocolitis may be any factors that violate the activity of the intestine, from mechanical (refined foods, which leads to constipation and stagnation in the intestinal mucosa) to toxic (eg, poisoning drugs).

Types enterocolitis

By the nature of the flow recovered acute and chronic enterocolitis.

By location distinguish localized or generalized forms:

- enteritis;

- colitis;

- enterocolitis.

Pro origin following types of enterocolitis:

  • Infectious bacterial origin caused by an intestinal infection: pathogenic strains of E. coli, Salmonella, Shigella, Vibrio cholerae, staphylococcus, etc.Staphylococcal enterocolitis in newborn babies and infants are most common;
  • Infectious parasitic origin.Pathogens amoebic dysentery, intestinal worms of all kinds, Trichomonas, Giardia, etc.cause parasitic enterocolitis;
  • enterocolitis, which developed as a result of dysbiosis.One of the most frequent types of colitis;
  • Toxic enterocolitis.This group of diseases caused by a hit on the intestinal mucosa of toxic substances, drugs, poisons, including those contained in substandard food;
  • Mechanical enterocolitis caused by trauma to the intestinal mucosa, as a rule, the injury causes the seal stagnant feces in chronic constipation;
  • Nutritional enterocolitis, occurring at constant gross errors of power, unbalanced diet;
  • Secondary enterocolitis, occurring as a symptom of another underlying disease.For example, enterocolitis accompanying cholecystitis, which is formed as a result of violations of the outflow of bile.

symptoms of enterocolitis

symptoms of enterocolitis in acute form: diarrhea, cutting pain in the abdomen, nausea and sometimes vomiting.

Diarrhea may be from 2-3 (enteritis) to 10 times a day or more (colitis).With infectious enterocolitis symptoms of intoxication accompany the disease: fever (38 ° C or higher), chills, weakness, headache.

Acute enterocolitis in children may be accompanied by a significant deterioration of general condition, up to loss of consciousness and seizures, as in children occurs quickly dehydration and more pronounced intoxication.

Chronic enterocolitis has similar symptoms, but in a less pronounced form, and more diverse.As with the acute form of the disease, chronic enterocolitis is characterized first and foremost a violation of the chair.Most often it is diarrhea, or diarrhea alternating with constipation, less constipation.Abdominal pain is also present but less sharp is usually amplified before defecation pain.

Symptoms of chronic enterocolitis always accompanied by symptoms of dyspepsia: nausea, belching, flatulence, as a result of deep disorders of the digestive function.Suffering is also the general condition, the skin become an unhealthy pale grayish color, the nails become brittle, dull hair, there are fatigue, weakness, concentration disorders, memory and sleep.In this state, the patient is exposed to various infectious diseases, as reduced immunity.

Diagnostics enterocolitis enterocolitis

Diagnosis is usually straightforward and is carried out mainly to clarify the causes of the disease and to exclude other causes of acute abdomen in the event of acute enterocolitis.

Diagnosis is based on the study of the symptoms of enterocolitis (anamnesis), blood and stool laboratory tests (coprogram), as well as instrumental intestine studies.

most informative are colonoscopy (endoscopic method for the study of the intestinal mucosa, helps determine colitis) and X-ray examination of the intestine using a radiopaque substance.

Treatment of enterocolitis

approach to the treatment of chronic and acute enterocolitis is somewhat different.

treatment of acute enterocolitis is primarily in the creation of peace for the affected intestine and replenishing fluid loss.To that end, appoint a hungry pause at least for a day, during which the patient is asked to drink plenty of pure non-carbonated water and sweet tea.At the end of the day, while reducing the severity of symptoms of enterocolitis, in the diet of added liquid rice or oatmeal, then croutons of white bread.After gradually adding new products, giving preference to light pureed thermally processed foods.In order to stop diarrhea antidiarrheals may be used such as Immodium Smectic or, but only by prescription.In remission treatment of enterocolitis in the acute form it is to restore the normal intestinal flora, which appointed the probiotics and prebiotics.

infectious enterocolitis treatment requires the use of antimicrobial or antiparasitic agents, who are appointed after the detection of the pathogen.

Treatment of chronic enterocolitis is to eliminate the causes of the disease.Eliminates the infectious agent, if one is found, return to normal mode and diet, diet is appointed, the corrective power of error.So how often chronic enterocolitis caused by another, primary disease, taking on its treatment measures.In the case of the treatment of chronic enterocolitis it is also important to eliminate the always accompanying dysbacteriosis, which are appointed by the prebiotics and probiotics.

Treatment of enterocolitis in children often requires hospitalization, due to high risk of the disease to the child's body.

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