Mumps (as it is more popularly known as the "pig") - an acute viral disease accompanied by intoxication, fever, disorders in the salivary glands, other glandular organs andhuman central nervous system.The causative agent of mumps infection is a virus that enters the body through the upper respiratory tract.This is the primary method of infection.Additionally, mumps may declare itself after contact with personal belongings are already sick person.Distribution takes place through the body via the blood vessels through which the virus reaches the salivary glands and the central nervous system, because they have all the conditions for its rapid reproduction.
I want to emphasize the fact that mumps can catch absolutely everyone, but it is most often detected mumps in children because their immune system to resist infection is less effective than in adults.On the other hand, the children suffer the disease much easier and faster than going through the most serio
Usually, the latent period of current Mumps lasts about 2-2.5 weeks.After this, the virus is activated and manifested by the following symptoms:
painful defeat glands increases when talking or chewing.At the same time, they increase in size and lead to tension the skin, the appearance of swelling at the site of inflammation, which often go to the surface of the neck.The most intense acute mumps in children develops within 4-5 days after the end of the incubation period, and then gradually decreasing swelling.Depending on the severity of symptoms, the clinical course of mumps are divided into three types:
important point: mumps, whose prevention and treatment were initiated too late, leading to inflammation of the meninges (meningitis), pancreatitis, arthritis, hearing damage and the further development of irreversible deafness.
any specific treatment of mumps does not exist, so the main doctors' efforts are aimed at the prevention of complications.To do this, patients received antibiotic therapy, procaine blockade, bed rest and diet.Mobility limitation lasts at least 10 days.During this time, should be excluded from the diet of the patient's fatty, spicy, flour food, as well as reduce the amount of food consumed.When the diagnosis of mumps in children, the sick recommended lacto-vegetarian diet, rice, brown bread, potato dishes, fresh fruits and vegetables.In mild and middle reaches of the disease patients need to drink more fluids because of the constant dryness in the mouth.In addition, they show calcium supplements and anti-allergic drugs (dosage is selected based on the age of the child).
doctors pay much attention to the new methods of treatment of pigs in recent years.In particular, mumps treated effectively by causal therapy.It is also exploring the use of antiviral chemotherapeutic agents, and enzymes.With regard to the means already in use, it should be mentioned desensitizing and anti-inflammatory drugs, vitamins, detoxication therapy.
disease patients to prevent the spread of infection is isolated from the rest of the children for at least 10 days.In children's institutions entered a 3-week quarantine, during which all children in contact with the patient should stay at home with the 11 th to the 21-day incubation period.As a preventive measure preschoolers ages 3 to 7 years are vaccinated mumps vaccine.
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