12 August

Epidermal cyst - Causes, Symptoms , Treatment

epidermal cyst

epidermal cyst is a spherical entity which consists of the epithelium, hair follicle and epidermis.This cyst located on the face, scalp, neck, chest and scrotum.Epidermal cyst can be both benign and malignant character.

Causes and symptoms of epidermal cysts

main cause epidermal cyst is a blockage of the hair follicles, increased production of sebum and horny masses filling the cavity.

This cyst has a view of a pinkish color with a diameter of 2 to 5 cm, covered with a network of dilated capillaries.Sometimes the pores of epidermal cysts become dark in color and become dilated.Inside the cyst is a thick pasty yellow hue.

If the cyst gets a bacterial infection, the inflammatory process begins, accompanied by cysts seal and severe pain.

epidermal cyst in a larger size can exert pressure on the brain structure to cause vision problems, headaches, fatigue, irritability and lack of balance.These symptoms are similar to symptoms of various tumors and brain tumors.Some types of epidermal

cysts can lead to meningitis.

Types epidermal cyst epidermal cyst

has several types that differ in structure, the presence of clinical manifestations and complications.

most often occurs in patients atheroma, which is a skin cyst located on the face, hands, neck and genitals.Atheroma may be worn as a single or multiple character.It is the formation of a circular shape of tumor type with a soft consistency.The skin around the atheroma has a yellowish or reddish tinge, and the surrounding tissues are painless.

This cyst may remain in the same amount or gradually increase, rising above the skin surface.Often epidermal cyst tends to suppuration and inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue.

disease diagnosis

epidermal type Cystic tumors diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging brain scans or by computed tomography.

If epidermal cyst located in the brain, the pituitary conduct research area and auditory canals to get the details of the status of the tumor and to choose the right method of treatment.

Treatment of epidermal cysts

In most cases, epidermal cyst is treated by surgical removal.If the cyst is close to important brain structures, its complete removal is not possible.Neurosurgeon spends intermediate removal of the cyst, and for several years carried out regular magnetic resonance imaging to rule out recurrence of the disease.

main treatment epidermal cyst is a malignant type of chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

Atheroma small, asymptomatic, does not require surgical intervention.By increasing the size of the brush is prescribed operation under local anesthesia.

epidermal cyst, which is located on the outside of the skin, is removed for 15-20 minutes.After the introduction of the solution of novocaine or other pain medication the doctor performs an incision in the center of the cyst and remove its contents with the capture of the capsule, and then scrape the cavity and cleans the skin.

At relapse epidermal cysts appoint repeated surgical intervention.

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