Athlete - a disease that is characterized by lesions of the upper layers of skin and nail fungi of the genus epidermofiton.Athlete refers to a number of fungal skin diseases.More common in men, though the athlete in women is also not uncommon.
There are two forms of athlete: jock itch and athlete's foot.
Inguinal athlete - is caused by the fungus Epidermophyton inguinale Sabourand.To catch this disease can be in the bath or pool, while using common washcloths, towels, personal hygiene items.
enabling environment for the pathogen jock itch - heat and moisture, so often this disease affects obese people with a tendency to increased sweating, diabetes patients.Frequent use wet compresses can also contribute to the development of the disease.Jock itch occurs in women and in men, although it is more often are ill individual male.
disease Localization - on the inside of the thigh, in the inguinal folds, on the pubes and armpits.In o
initial stage of the disease characterized by the appearance of red spots, which are shelled.Later appear large pockets with redness and swelling edge in these areas may appear blisters and scales.With the development of the disease foci coalesce into larger affected areas.The edges of the wound epidermis consist of peeling.In periods of exacerbation characteristic symptom is itching.
Inguinal athlete begins acutely, but then takes a chronic and can last for months or even years.Periods of remission alternating with periods of exacerbation.
- is a contagious disease that is transmitted from person to person when visiting the baths, swimming pools, showers on the beach.Walking on the infected bedding or rugs with bare feet, wearing someone else's shoes, socks can also trigger athlete's foot.Development of the disease contribute to increased sweating of the feet, wearing tight, properly fitted shoes, a variety of scrapes, and diaper rash, disturbance of acid-alkaline balance of sweat.Also, athlete's foot can be caused by common diseases: a malfunction of the nervous and endocrine systems, hypovitaminosis, angoipatii, injury stop, acrocyanosis.
causative agent of the disease is the fungus Trichophyton mentagrophytes.
There are several forms of this disease.
Squamous form - characterized by the presence in the arch of the foot peeling, which can take up small areas or extended to the whole foot.Patients worried about a slight itching, sometimes symptoms may be absent altogether.Therefore, this form of the disease often goes unnoticed that the epidemiological situation worsens.At the initial stage, only one foot is affected, then the disease becomes and the second foot.
intertriginoznoy form - occurs in the presence of squamous form.The localization of the pathogen - in the interdigital space, most often between the fourth and fifth finger.This form of athlete is characterized by cracks, which are surrounded by peeling of the epidermis, between the toes.Sometimes the disease can spread to the folds of the toes and foot.Intertriginoznoy form is characterized by itching and soreness of the affected areas.The disease has a long duration, the aggravation occurs in winter.If left untreated, may develop chronic thrombophlebitis of legs and faces due to the accession of streptococcal infection.
Disgidroticheskaya form - characterized by the presence on the arches of the foot of bubbles of different size.The vesicles can fuse together and form an ulcer surface to peel off at the edges of the epidermis.The disease can spread to the inner and outer side of the foot.Symptoms of the disease are pain and itching.If the affected area becomes infected, the fluid in the blisters become cloudy, pus.Perhaps the development of lymphangitis and lymphadenitis.The disease is characterized by a prolonged course with periods of remission and exacerbation.
Athlete's nail - is a form of athlete's foot.At the initial stage of the disease at the nail edge formed yellow stripes or spots.Then the nail plate thickens, becomes yellow.With the development of athlete's nails observed the destruction of the nail plate, causing it to crumble and break.Sometimes athlete nails nail plate becomes thinner and rejected.This process is also called onycholysis.The most common fungus attacks the first and fifth toe.
treatment of athlete's aimed at getting rid of the disease agent.
Inguinal athlete - treatment involves the use of drugs such as: mikozolon, sulfur-tar ointment, 2% iodine tincture, Lorinden-C.
If the disease is localized on the feet, the treatment of athlete's appointment suggests fungicides such as sulfur-tar ointment mikoseptin, mikozolon, Wilkinson ointment, liquid Castellani et al. Are also carried out by detachment and Arievich Sheklakovu.
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