12 August

Erosion of the stomach - treatment , symptoms , food

Erosion stomach

General characteristics of the disease

erosion of the stomach or erosive lesions of the mucous membrane of the body - one of the most common of gastroduodenal diseases.It is a defect in the surface of the stomach tissue without involving muscular body layer process.

erosion of the stomach combined with duodenal mucosa defect is diagnosed in 10-15% of patients who underwent endoscopic examination of the digestive tract.The disease was first described by the Italian pathologist Giovanni Morgagni in 1756 to the year.

reasons for the erosion of the stomach

cause of gastric erosion considered an imbalance between aggressive and protective factors in the stomach environment.Such imbalance leads:

  • operations on the digestive tract,
  • injury,
  • psycho-emotional disorders,
  • burns gastric mucosa the abuse hot or spicy foods, alcohol, certain medications,
  • systemic toxic effects of nicotine, heavy metals salts, alkalis, corrosive substances.

Education gastric erosion often

contribute to chronic diseases of the metabolism, and for example, liver and heart failure, diabetes, pancreatitis, etc.

There is also a theory about the influence of the microorganism Helicobacter pylori on the state of the upper layers of the stomach tissue.To date, this theory has not been proved, but it is known that up to 90% of patients with gastric erosion are carriers of antibodies to Helicobacter pylori.

Types of gastric erosion

most widespread diseases on the systematization V.Vodolaginu.According to it identify several species of erosive gastric mucosa defect:

  • initial erosion of the stomach (ie, an independent organ pathology),
  • secondary erosion of the stomach (in lesions of the cardiovascular system, liver, etc.),
  • malignant gastric erosion(when cancer pathology and Crohn's disease).

In addition, the erosion of the stomach can be acute or chronic, single and multiple, as well as flat, polipovodnoy or hemorrhagic, ie,Bleeding.

The type of gastric erosion depends on the duration of the disease.With dynamic gastropically Observer has learned that the acute gastric erosion zarubtsovyvaetsya on average within 10 days.In severe cases, the gastric mucosa epithelialization process lasts 2-8 weeks.Acute gastric erosions are usually located in the proximal (central) of the organ.

Chronic erosion of the stomach is characterized by a prolonged existence, up to 5 years or more.It is localized mainly in antral (output) of the stomach.Bleeding and relapses are more common in concomitant erosion of the stomach and duodenum.

Symptoms of gastric erosion

clinical picture of gastric erosion in many ways similar to the ulcer clinic organ disease.Specific symptoms of gastric erosion is called the intensity of pain.

Unlike gastric ulcer stomach pain with the erosion is more pronounced and characterized by a particular flow resistance.In some patients the pain to stop completely is not possible, even in the treatment of gastric erosion within 1-2 months.

Yazvopodobnye symptoms of gastric erosion:

  • night on an empty stomach pain,
  • dyskinesia (disorder of the biliary system),
  • dyspepsia (indigestion process).

diagnostic criteria of gastric erosion are hidden blood in the stool and anemia.

type of erosion of the stomach is determined by endoscopic gastroduodenal research and analysis of biopsy mucosal tissue.

Treatment of gastric erosion

Treatment of gastric erosion - long with regular endoscopic control of the mucous body condition.

standard treatment of gastric erosion acts antiulcer therapy with drugs, proton pump inhibitors and H2 blockers.Antibiotics in the treatment of gastric erosions used if the patient has been identified microorganism Helicobacter pylori.

In the treatment of gastric erosions secondary forms of drugs used-cytoprotectors prostaglandins and synthetic origin.Thanks to them, accelerating the healing of gastric mucosa.

blood circulation in the tissues in the affected areas of the mucous significantly improves the effect of low-intensity laser.Laser treatment of gastric erosion hemorrhagic type carried out exclusively in the surgical hospital.

To prevent rebleeding apply blockers H2-histamine receptors, for example, Kvamatel.In the treatment of chronic forms of gastric erosions well proven drugs - gastroprotectives, for example, on the basis of colloidal bismuth subcitrate.

Medical nutrition in gastric erosion

important part of the treatment of the disease is a health food with gastric erosion.

basic diet principle in gastric erosion - maximum mechanical, thermal and chemical sparing the mucous body.This means that in clinical nutrition with gastric erosion is strictly prohibited:

  • turnips, radishes, rutabaga, stringy meat, cereals, bread with bran and other foods with roughage and fiber,
  • fried foods,
  • alcohol,
  • sodas,
  • citrus juices,
  • coffee,
  • strong meat broth,
  • cold and hot food.

compulsory elements of the diet with the erosion of the stomach are dairy products:

  • milk,
  • low-fat sour cream,
  • butter,
  • solid low-fat cheese.

believed that these products contribute to the production of enzymes that accelerate the regenerative processes in the gastric mucosa.And so their active use in the diet of the stomach erosion - an important condition for the rapid healing of the mucosa.

recommended diet with gastric erosion - 4-6 times a day in small portions.Food for diet in the gastric erosion is recommended boiled or steamed.Traditional diet in erosion stomach- steam cutlets, porridge, boiled eggs, semolina, jelly, mucous soups.

Folk remedies for gastric erosion

effective folk remedy for gastric erosion is considered celandine.One tablespoon of herbs should pour 1 cup boiling water and insist in a thermos 1.5 hours.The prepared infusion should be drunk within a month to 1 tablespoon 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals.After a ten-month course of treatment interruption gastric erosion celandine is recommended to repeat.

An effective folk remedy for gastric erosion is also an infusion of a mixture of herbs St. John's wort, yarrow, celandine and chamomile flowers, taken in the ratio of 2: 2: 1: 2.20g drug collection should insist for an hour with a glass of boiling water, and then drink 100 g 3 times a day for half an hour before meals.

cope with gastric erosion folk remedy - the collection of grass St. John's wort (4 parts), knotweed (2), cudweed (4), celandine (2), sage (2), the root of sweet flag (0.5), mint leavespeppermint (0.5) and yarrow flowers (1 part).20 g dry mix of folk funds from the erosion of the stomach pour 200g of boiled water and insist in a thermos 8-10 hours.Drink prepared infusion should be 3-4 times a day for 200g an hour after eating.

Delicious folk remedy for stomach erosion - a teaspoon of honey every morning on an empty stomach.When severe pain is more effective propolis.

all folk remedies from the erosion of the stomach is recommended to be combined with traditional medication therapy and a diet with stomach erosion.

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