cervical erosion defect called surface epithelium of the mucous membrane of the cervix, which violates its integrity and thereby reduces the protective properties of the mucosa.Cervical erosion refers to the most common gynecological diseases, can occur in women of any age, but most often between the ages of 30-40 years.
Distinguish erosion of the cervix and cervical ectopia, the so-called psevodoeroziyu.Ectopic is common in young women up to 25 years, has a resemblance to the cervical erosion, but the surface layer of cells is not disturbed, but only modified.Unlike genuine cervical erosion, ectopia is not a disease, but only one for the development and the treatment is usually not required.
main cause of cervical erosion is an inflammatory process of infectious origin.Desquamation (shedding increased) surface lining of the cervix can cause microorganisms belonging to urogenital infections (UGI) - ureaplasma, mycoplasma, trichomonas, chlamydia, geni
In some cases, the cause of cervical erosion may be a violation of the endocrine system, especially the functions of the glands responsible for the production of sex hormones.
necessary condition for the appearance of cervical erosion is a decrease in local and, in some cases, and general immunity.Such low immunity observed when a woman leads an unhealthy lifestyle, especially a detrimental effect has indiscriminate and frequent change of sexual partners.Thus, the wrong way of life is another, though a very common cause of cervical erosion.
Very often, the symptoms of cervical erosion are absent, or are not so pronounced, that a woman can not notice them for a long time.The most common symptom of cervical erosion is the appearance of whiter - abnormal vaginal discharge, but their number is not too much and can not attract attention.Since the destruction of the surface epithelial layer intact and lying surface vessels microcircular channel, it is often the first symptom of cervical erosion, which attracts attention are bloody vaginal discharge, appearing after intercourse.This occurs as a result of mechanical microtrauma vessels destroyed by erosion.
In some cases, the symptoms of cervical erosion may not be available, and if the disease is detected during routine inspection or treatment to the doctor for another reason.
cervix is available for immediate medical examination, so the diagnosis of cervical erosion can be delivered after the usual gynecological examination by a vaginal mirrors.A more thorough examination is carried out by colposcopy - examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope, which provides a more detailed picture due to the possibility of increasing the field of view.To clarify the diagnosis of cervical erosion is carried out coloring lesions Lugol solution (iodine solution in glycerol).This healthy tissue is stained with a solution, and eroded surface - no.
During diagnosis of cervical erosion will certainly take a scraping from the erosion spots for biopsy - cytology, in order to determine the nature contained in the erosion of the cells.This is necessary for the differential diagnosis of cervical erosion with cervical precancerous lesions and cancer.
treatment of cervical erosion can be medical and surgical.Surgical treatment of cervical erosion, used in the present time, is the impact on the affected area with the help of laser, radio wave surgery or cryoablation.It is painless and bloodless methods of treatment of cervical erosion, which give excellent results and have virtually no complications.The laser and radiowave surgery have also the advantage that the impact has a stimulating effect on tissue regeneration.
Previously used as a treatment of cervical erosion diathermocoagulation method is currently not applied because of pain, and that leads to the formation of scar tissue, which subsequently prevents the disclosure of the cervix during labor.Chemical degradation method of erosion is also currently not used because of insufficient accuracy of exposure and risk of damage to healthy tissue.
Drug treatment of cervical erosion is the use of anti-inflammatory drugs to address urogenital infection, bracing and immunostimulatory agents.Upon detection of endocrine pathology spend her korrrektsiyu synthetic hormones, analogues of female sex hormones.For this purpose, the latter is used hormonal contraceptives generation drugs devoid of side effects most.Good results show physiotherapy treatment of cervical erosion.By means of physiotherapy (magnetotherapy, UFO, UHF. Microwave, laser therapy, etc.) may provide significant anti-inflammatory and stimulating the healing effects of erosion on the damaged tissue.
the treatment of cervical erosion of folk remedies can be used widely and to provide an effective therapeutic effect.As a rule, folk remedies for cervical erosion affect locally.For douching and baths are used decoctions and infusions of herbs that have anti-inflammatory effects.It plants such as calamus, chamomile, sage, striped, oak bark, St. John's wort, a mother-and-stepmother, plantain.In the healing phase to effectively use oils containing carotene.Oils are used as a treatment for vaginal swabs.To this end, for the treatment of cervical erosion using pumpkin seed oil, sea buckthorn, wild rose.
When cervical erosion folk remedies can be used as a fortifying soft drugs.That action the tincture of Echinacea purpurea, ginseng, golden mustache, propolis.For the general strengthening of the body is also successfully used honey and other bee products in the absence of an allergy to them.
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