12 August

Echinococcosis - diagnosis , symptoms, treatment of the disease


Brief description of the disease

Echinococcosis - a chronic helminth disease caused by tapeworm ekinokokkom.They suffer not only people but also animals.Most often, echinococcosis infection occurs after contact with dogs or during shearing.Features of the gear unit determine the prevalence of widespread infection.In our country it is found in all regions, but the largest number of cases detected in areas with well-developed animal husbandry.

Infectious agents and mechanisms of disease development

Tapeworms are parasites in the intestines of sheep, dogs and rodents.There they lay their eggs, which then fall into the environment with animal feces.helminth eggs penetrate the body through non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene and sanitation required level, and in the diagnosis of hydatid infection symptoms can manifest themselves in many different organs.The main danger of echinococcosis is that blood worms are spread all vital systems and turn into Finns - cyst

s, in which there is the final formation of the parasite.As soon as the causative agents of echinococcosis grow, the Finns also grow in size and begin to compress the surrounding tissue, disrupting the normal functioning of organs.Most often, the cysts are found in the liver (hepatic echinococcosis) and lung.Sometimes they hit the brain.

How manifests itself hydatid disease

symptoms In most cases, hydatid disease occurs completely asymptomatic.Often there is a situation, when detect hydatid disease in children and adults is possible only if preventive radiological and ultrasound.If the worms progress to cyst stage, they begin to compress the adjacent organs and tissues.At this stage, echinococcosis symptoms more pronounced.Patients observed a variety of symptoms, depending on the localization Finn.So, for example, liver hydatid disease is accompanied by:

  • pain in the right upper quadrant;
  • feeling of heaviness in the right side of the body;
  • pressure on the liver;
  • weakness;
  • constant malaise;
  • rapid fatigue even at low physical activity;
  • decrease in motor activity;
  • allergic reactions (manifested not always);
  • yellowing of the skin.

Pulmonary echinococcosis form leads to chest pain, coughing, shortness of breath.If a person develops a brain hydatid disease symptoms are neurological in nature.Most often patients suffer from paralysis, paresis, seizures, and mental disorders.

echinococcosis Diagnostics

presence of worms in the human body is supported with the help of imaging laboratory studies.Typically, doctors use this X-ray, MRI, CT and ultrasound.Earlier, along with the above techniques, and used needle biopsy of the cyst, but today it is considered dangerous because during the procedure may occur parasites spread into the surrounding tissues and organs.Also, for the diagnosis of echinococcosis not used immunological methods, due to their low information content.

treatment echinococcosis

Selection methods of treatment of echinococcosis depends on the localization of worms, the general condition of the patient and the clinical picture of infection.In most cases, the decision on surgery, of course, if it does not pose a threat to the patient's life.The operation is carried out, followed by removal of the cyst cavity suturing remaining after the recess formation.

Echinococcus treatment

When prevention echinococcosis you must observe the following rules:

  • not allow small children to play with the dogs;
  • wash your hands after working in the garden, before eating, after skinning sheep and removal of animal skins;
  • regularly carry out preventive examinations of domestic dogs, register them in veterinary clinics;
  • handle food before eating;
  • not drink unboiled water from open reservoirs and the urban water supply system;
  • carry out the slaughter of cattle in specially designated areas;
  • if your work involves animals, you should be tested regularly to hydatid disease.

As you can see, the rules are really simple, but their implementation will prevent not only hydatid disease, and many other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

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