disease Ulcerative colitis - a chronic inflammation of the large intestine.The second common name for the disease - ulcerative colitis.
disease affects and submucosal mucous membrane of the large intestine, causing the appearance of non-healing wounds.
diseases To date, no accurate data on the causes of ulcerative colitis.The main reason is considered to be a weakened immune system and poor nutrition.infections can also trigger the disease in the digestive tract, intestinal worms, alcohol, lack of personal hygiene, prolonged antibiotic therapy.
symptoms of ulcerative colitis may be different degrees of severity and location - everything depends on the stage of the disease.
Common symptoms include diarrhea, fever, weakness, vomiting, constipation, abdominal pain, intestinal bleeding, weight reduction, increased frequency of bowel movements to 5-20 p / night, includingat night, fatigue.
can develop extra-intest
was also noted that in most cases the disease begins and develops quickly, and more severe ulcerative colitis symptoms are observed in severe cases, so it is important at first similar symptoms seek medical help and confirmation of the diagnosis to be treated.
If ulcerative colitis is mild, it goes without complications diagnosis.And at the first examination after the colonoscopy or rectoscopy diagnosed.With these endoscopic doctor may notice redness, her grit and swelling, bleeding and lack of vascular pattern on the walls of the intestine.
To confirm the diagnosis conduct laboratory studies of feces, a blood test for the level of erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, hemoglobin.
In rare cases, and apply the radiological method of research.Especially useful for this survey, when detection of benign colon restrictions necessary to exclude Crohn's disease.
In severe cases endoscopy and x-rays are contraindicated - limited to image the abdomen.
Treatment of ulcerative colitis is assigned medication.The patient was prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs are those that restore the immune system.Apply anti-inflammatory drugs systemically and topically in the form of enemas.
In severe cases, the formation of disease complications of fistula in the intestines and cancerous tumors, surgical treatment of ulcerative colitis - the affected portion of the intestine is removed.
In severe and moderate forms of the disease is shown to bed.
due to a violation of the process of absorption of nutrients from food bowel, the patient shows a diet.
meaning diet for ulcerative colitis - refrain from crude fiber, increase the intake of protein and limit fats.If diarrhea is expressed in colitis, it is necessary to limit the flow of fluid.
Recommended products: lean meat varieties, boiled and steamed cooked, pureed oatmeal, eggs, biscuits, toasted white bread, jelly, bird cherry, pomegranate, black currant, blueberry juice or compote, walnuts.
not eat fresh vegetables, fruits, dairy products.
During the diet for ulcerative colitis should eat small portions - about six times a day.Dinner should be no later than 21.00.
undesirable during treatment with antibiotics - these drugs may aggravate the disease.They are appointed in extreme cases.
diseases for the prevention of colitis is necessary to monitor the immunity and power, just take treatment of various gastrointestinal diseases, get rid of the worms, not to abuse alcohol, to observe good personal hygiene.
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