disease Foot and mouth disease - a disease that affects cattle, goats, pigs, camels, yaks, deer.This viral disease is most common in countries where the population is engaged mainly in agriculture.
There are cases where FMD and other sick pets: cats, dogs, horses, wild boars and even some species of birds (tics, for example) and rodents (rats, gophers, mice).The causative agent of foot and mouth disease in infected animals is released together with the milk, urine, feces, feces, saliva, and the transmission of the disease occurs when they have direct contact in their places of detention, in the pasture or watering.
FMD Infected people can only by animals, contact with them and eating contaminated dairy products in their raw form.When pasteurization and boiling milk (basic methods of prevention of FMD) FMD pathogen dies.Statistics of contracting the infection of man is about the 65% of cases of infection of FMD through the consumption of raw milk, 1% - the use of other dairy p
cow, goat, camel milk are contagious even before outward signs of foot and mouth disease (ulcers in the mucosa), and remain so for another 12 days.At the same time, it established a quarantine, during which particular attention is paid to the prevention of foot and mouth disease.
FMD virus in a human parasite on the mucosa of the nose, mouth, nails and in between the toes.
Foot and mouth disease in humans is being introduced in the oral mucosa, and (or) upper respiratory tract.In these places there are bubbles are destroyed at the expiration of the incubation period (three to eight days), whereby the already FMD virus enters the bloodstream.At this stage, formed the secondary rash on the mucous membranes of the lips, nose, throat, mouth, cheeks, tongue.
Following comes septic stage of FMD, which is characterized by high temperature (up to 40 °) and a appearance of bubbles on the skin (between the fingers and around the nails).Because the blood vessels of FMD virus gets into the internal organs and is excreted in the feces, urine, saliva, bile.
general condition of the patient's foot and mouth disease at the beginning of the heavy - fever, fatigue, chills, low blood pressure, headache, and quickens the pulse.All this happens within the first two days of the disease, the symptoms and the most clearly pronounced painful mouth disease on the first day: painful mucosal human nose, tongue, mouth, he may experience a burning sensation in the mouth, feel and lumbar muscular pains.Also, there salivation, swollen mucous membranes and blush cheeks, tongue, lips, and soft palate arches.There are also cases where the patient among the usual symptoms of foot and mouth disease have been observed and a slight upset stomach, cramps during urination.
At the initial stage of the disease in the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, throat, cheeks, patient language FMD appear rash and keep an average week, after which, through one or two days at the site of bubbles formed small ones, gradually merging into a single lesion.Very often ulcers appear on the patient's language, so that it is difficult to swallow and speak.And lips swell, they are also covered by sores and scabs.
Once there FMD symptoms such as rashes secondary (on the skin of hands and around nails) takes another three to five days, and the patient's temperature begins to drop, comes back to normal, and he starts to recover.recovery period usually lasts no more than 15 days.After suffering a foot and mouth disease in humans immune to this disease.
patient hospitalized certainly not less than two weeks.Especially important is bed rest for the initial acute course of the disease.Ill FMD is assigned a light diet with abundant drinking and feeding several times a day in small portions or semi-liquid food that is easily digestible.There are also frequent cases of tube feeding.Before the meal, the patient FMD give benzocaine (0.1g).
Treatment of foot and mouth disease is carried out with the help of antiviral drugs, which are prescribed in the first days of the disease.This is a local washing, 1% potassium permanganate, hydrogen peroxide or a solution rivanola, and superimposition of ointments, for example, oxolinic, florenalevoy, tebrofenovoy, riodoksolevoy, interferon.
ultraviolet radiation, aerosols "Livian" can be used for more intensive healing ulcers, "Vinizol", "Panthenol".
In particularly severe FMD in humans prescribed painkillers, antihistamines, cardiovascular drugs, vitamins, detoxification activities carried out.
special attention throughout the treatment of foot given oral hygiene of the patient.
FMD is a hard subject to sanitary measures and personal safety precautions when caring for infected animals.Be sure to boil, pasteurized milk imported from dysfunctional, prone to foot and mouth disease epidemic areas.You can not drink raw milk, dairy products, meat from an unknown, unproven products bought on spontaneous market.
According to many doctors, there is no better prevention of foot and mouth disease, than education of agricultural workers and the public, the publication of statistics on the disease as a result of FMD quarantine violations and elementary sanitary rules.
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