Nasturtium Nasturtium - summer ornamental plant from the family of the Capuchins, constantly flowering until the first frost.The most common nasturtium flowers with red-orange or fiery orange.Less common are pink and yellow flowers.
There are two types of plants: dwarf or a low shrub, reaching a height of 25 centimeters, which bloom more profusely and bright, and high nasturtium, with creeping stems up to 1.5 meters in length.
plant likes moderately moist soil, well fertilized.Nasturtium not tolerate fresh manure, excess moisture and lime.However, the lack of moisture the plant does not tolerate well.On excessively fertilized soil the plant ceases to bloom and the leaves, on the contrary, begin to flourish.
Propagated nasturtium seeds.For early flowering in early May, the seeds are planted in pots for 2-3 pieces and cast film in a greenhouse.The boxes seeds sowing is undesirable, because the plant does not tolerate transplanting.After frost nasturtium planted in open ground.If the weather is warm,
nasturtium Care is regular watering and fertilizing.Dwarf Nasturtium excellent for edging paths and curbs.High nasturtium often planted around arbors, balconies, facades of buildings.
Few people know that in addition to the beautiful appearance of nasturtium has remarkable medicinal properties.In South America, which is home to plants, nasturtium is used in the treatment of many diseases.Do not plant bypasses their attention and European medicine.
All aerial parts of nasturtium contains a large amount of ascorbic acid.Its content in the stems of the plants reach 100-150 mg, and in leaves - up to 450 mg per 100 g This is about as much as in the black currant and pepper vegetable.
Useful properties of nasturtium are to sulfur content and carotene, which act preventively with sclerosis and other diseases peculiar to old people.Many plant potassium, iodine, phosphorus.
Nasturtium kills pathogenic bacteria, stimulates the immune forces of the body, improves metabolism.
all parts of the plant are used in medicinal purposes.Leaves, for example, have a pronounced effect antiscorbutic.Apply nasturtium with influenza, diseases of the lungs and upper respiratory tract, as a means of cough, chronic bronchitis.All this is due to the content in the plant vegetable antibiotics.Useful properties nasturtium used for metabolic disorders, gallstones and kidney diseases, inflammatory diseases of the lymph nodes, as a laxative.Apply plant with male and female menopause.Dried flowers and leaves nasturtium effectively relieve depression, relieve irritability and feelings of depression.
To prepare the infusion, it is necessary to take 1 tablespoon chopped nasturtium leaves, pour a glass of boiling water, leave for half an hour and strain.Take the infusion of a third cup three times a day.
In Western Europe, widely spread wine infusion of the leaves of nasturtium.To prepare it, you need to fill a quart jar up to the top with fresh leaves of the plant and fill them with dry white wine.Infuse in a dark place for two weeks, strain.Take a wine infusion is necessary one teaspoon three times a day before meals.Particularly useful such an infusion with the weakening of vital forces of the body.
When the disease of the urinary tract and kidneys, including kidney stones and is useful decoction of the whole plant.To prepare it, you need one tablespoon of buds, fruits and nasturtium leaves pour 0.5 liters of boiling water and heat for fifteen minutes in a water bath.Then insist broth for 30-40 minutes and strain.Take half a cup three times a day.
In chronic bronchitis helpful Juice nasturtium, which take one tablespoon three times a day.To this end, prepare and alcohol tincture of the whole plant.For its preparation take 1.5 tablespoons of seeds, buds and nasturtium leaves, pour a glass of vodka and insist two weeks in a dark place.Take alcohol tincture of 25 drops three times a day.
Infusion of flowers nasturtium successfully used in diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Useful properties nasturtium also help in treating stomatitis.To this end, prepare a decoction of the following: 1 tablespoon of flowers and leaves of the plant pour 1 cup boiling water and heated in a water bath for half an hour.Broth strain and add to it 1 teaspoon of honey.Broth rinse mouth and throat with angina and stomatitis.
From nasturtium leaves make juice, which is used externally in scabies and itching.Also, juice leaves of the plant are used for hair loss.Against hair loss still good help alcohol tincture of nettles and nasturtium, or a decoction of the fruit and leaves of nasturtium.
addition to the numerous beneficial properties, nasturtium is also widely used in cooking.In food use unripe seeds, fresh leaves and flower buds the plant solids.
In South America, the plant used as a spice, because all its parts are inherent in the specific flavor and aroma.In English-speaking countries nasturtium is used for the preparation of vitamin drinks and salads.
Fresh leaves, unripe seeds and solid flower buds have a pleasant spicy taste, so they are often seasoned meat dishes and salads.Green fruit plants and flower buds marinated with vinegar and dill, nasturtium flowers and of cooked vinegar, featuring a peculiar taste.
nasturtium petals ground to a paste with the garlic, salt, mayonnaise and use for sandwiches.
Fresh flowers adorn the plants culinary dishes with fruit gratin and mixed vegetables.A dried flowers added to the house wines.Also from the dried flowers it gives a very aromatic tea.
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