2 October

Ketotifen - instructions for use , indications, dosage

Ketotifen - antiallergic agent, stabilizer of mast cell membranes.

release form and composition

Dosage Forms:

  • Tablets: round, Valium forms, white, with bevel and dividing Valium, low odor or no (10 pieces in blisters in a carton box 1.2, 3, 4 or 5 packages);
  • Syrup (100 ml dark glass bottle in a cardboard bundle one bottle complete with a measured glass).

active substance - ketotifen fumarate:

  • 1 tablet - 1.3 mg, which corresponds to 1 mg ketotifen;
  • 5 ml syrup - 1 mg.

auxiliary components in the composition of tablets: lactose monohydrate (milk sugar), potato starch, magnesium stearate.

Indications

Application ketotifen in the form of tablets is shown:

  • atopic asthma;
  • seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (hay fever);
  • Atopic dermatitis;
  • Allergic conjunctivitis;
  • Allergic rhinitis;
  • hives.

A syrup formulation will take for preventing the above and other allergic diseases, including allergic bronchitis.

Contraindications

  • period of breastfeeding;
  • hypersensitivity to th
    e drug.

addition, a contraindication to the use of tablets is:

  • gestation period;
  • Age up to 3 years.

not assign syrup to infants younger than 6 months.

Precautions recommended to prescribe:

  • Tablets: in hepatic impairment and in patients with epilepsy;
  • Syrup: during pregnancy, especially in the I trimester.

Dosage and Administration

  • Tablets: taken orally morning and evening meals.The recommended dosage for adults and children - 1 tablet 2 times a day, in severe cases may be increasing the dose for adults up to 2 mg 2 times a day.The period of treatment - 3 months or more.Abolition of the drug should be made gradually over 2-4 weeks;
  • Syrup: taken orally morning and evening meals.Dosage for adults and children from 3 years - 1 mg (5 ml) 2 times a day;for children from 6 months to 3 years - 0.5 mg 2 times a day.The daily dose for adults may be increased to 4 mg if necessary.

Side effects

Application Ketotifen can cause side effects:

  • From the nervous system: dizziness (at reception syrup - light), sleepiness, slowing of mental reactions (usually temporary and disappear within a few daysapplication);
  • From the urine: cystitis, dysuria;
  • On the part of metabolism: increased body mass index;
  • part of the hemopoietic system: thrombocytopenia.

Moreover, when taking the tablets may occur:

  • From the nervous system: fatigue, sedation;rarely - sleep disturbances, anxiety, nervousness (especially common in children);
  • From the digestive system: nausea, dry mouth, vomiting, constipation, increased appetite, gastralgia;
  • Other: allergic skin reactions.

When receiving syrup side effects can also be:

  • From the digestive system: possible increased appetite;rarely - dry mouth, diarrhea symptoms.

Cautions

therapeutic effect of ketotifen occurs after 1-2 months of use.

previous use of corticosteroids, beta-agonists, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in patients with bronchospastic syndrome and asthma should continue after the appointment of ketotifen for 2 or more weeks before the cancellation, gradually reducing the dose.

ketotifen Abrupt withdrawal can cause a recurrence of asthmatic symptoms, it is recommended to stop taking it gradually, over a period of 2 to 4 weeks.

While the use of the syrup is allowed to decrease the dose of bronchodilators.

Tablets are not intended for the relief of asthma attacks.

In simultaneous reception of tablets with oral hypoglycemic agents in patients is recommended to monitor platelet count in the peripheral blood.

If sensitivity to the sedative effect of the first 2 weeks of treatment, patients are encouraged to take the medication in small doses.

During the period of ketotifen should refrain from driving vehicles and mechanisms, as well as training those activities, the implementation of which requires high concentration of attention and fast psychomotor reactions.

Drug Interactions

When combined with antihistamines, hypnotics and ethanol Ketotifen increases their effect.

Concomitant use of each of the formulations with oral hypoglycemic agents: increased risk of thrombocytopenia.

Syrup increases the activity of sedatives.

Terms and conditions of storage

Store in a dry, dark place at a temperature up to 25 ° C.

Keep away from children.

Shelf life - 3 years.

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