individual rehabilitation program for disabled children provides secondary education.Based on the intellectual abilities of the child, the program may be provided to higher education.Sick children have a right to education.It is fixed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation (Art. 43).Education of children with disabilities is carried out in secondary schools, special correctional institutions, at home: remote method or by family upbringing.disabled children also have the right to study at music and art schools, free of charge.
For special education to disabled granted privileges for admission to vocational schools, technical schools, universities.The only, but significant limitation for teaching children with disabilities is a medical condition.According to the conclusion of medical and psychiatric examination pedagogical childhood disabilities are defined in special schools for the education of children with the following disorders:
When intellectual development of existing violations provided for the education of children with disabilities in special boarding school for a special procedure by specially trained teachers.
Anyway, no disabled child can not remain without education, regardless of the nature of the disease.
secondary schools do not have the right to refuse to accept disabled children, yet schools are not obliged to create special conditions for disabled students.Teachers do not develop special training programs, are not attracted to teaching children with disabilities in school Specialists. Pathologists, speech therapists, massage therapists, etc. Private schools have the right to facilities, but are not obliged to do so.
Children with disabilities do not suffer from mental retardation, as a rule, do not have problems with mastering school material.At the forefront of these students appears the problem of communication with peers.Children's psychology is very different from an adult, students can "organize" a disabled person intolerable conditions, not only in training but also in life.Meanwhile, secondary schools management is not able to create an enabling environment for children with disabilities.In the state of high school does not provide work of psychologist, whose direct responsibility is to create the necessary climate in the team.
Such conditions are created in correctional schools, in which the child is sent only with parental consent.
Homeschooling children with disabilities
In cases where the parents do not want their child to study in correctional or secondary school, the possibility of secondary education at home.
there are two forms of teaching for learning at home for disabled children:
Family Learning does not imply participation in the educational process of general school teachers.Education of the child engaged his parents: independently or with the assistance of teachers.In this case, the family paid monetary compensation, including expenses for training and education.If the decision of the Commission of the child needs to study in a correctional school, the amount of compensation increases in accordance with existing regulations.Between parents and the school is a contract that provides for interim certification of knowledge.In the case of negative results of the contract is terminated, and payment to be returned.
home-based form of learning-disabled children provides payments to two hot meals, work attachments school teachers paid by the state.Teachers also hold sessions with the child at home and carry out the certification, during which provides final exams in certain subjects.
child learning at home, receives a complete education, the level of which does not differ from the total.
Distance learning disabled children
for learning disabled children, there are several distance learning models:
Educational-methodical complex of remote technology is tailored to the school plan and program objects on separate disciplines.All the information is publicly available for both students and parents, and teachers.To this end, we developed a set of electronic resources.
Distance learning disabled children provides continuous communication with the student teacher, regardless of the distance between them.The use of multiple means of communication contributes to achievement.A child with a disability has the opportunity at any time to ask the teacher and get an exhaustive answer.
important achievement of distance learning - the ability to connect multiple disabled children for lessons in the online mode.A child with disabilities does not feel lonely and learns to work as a team.Certifications knowledge, according to the individual training programs for disabled children, conducted using electronic control of knowledge, which virtually eliminates the subjectivity of evaluation.At the same time children with disabilities gain the skills to work with a personal computer, learn new information technology.
control work is carried out according to the schedule approved by the head of the training center.Full-time mode of interaction is provided by means of special computer programs.The student sets the camera so that the teacher could see the workplace.This mode eliminates the use of tips both orally and in writing.
Students with a low rate of work carried out a control operation in several stages.Teachers do not have the right to escalate the situation, exaggerating the importance of passing the certification.
entrance exams in secondary technical and higher education institutions for the disabled are held on special conditions.Entrants given additional time to prepare for one and a half hours regardless of the form of exam: written or oral.Education of children with disabilities in higher and technical secondary schools are also carried out on individual programs with the advice of doctors, psychologists and social workers.
Disability is not determined by the state of health and the degree of restriction to work.Modern technologies allow disabled children to receive the necessary education and become productive members of society.
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