The basic rules of safe behavior for children

important from childhood to explain to children the rules of safe behavior in different situations.Parents need to teach your child to be careful and cautious - depends on his health and well-being, and sometimes life.

Teaching children to behave safely on the roads

for safe behavior on the road children have to obey the traffic rules.Parents must create a child's ability to navigate from an early age.The main way to acquire certain skills children behavior is the observation and imitation of adults, especially parents.Many do not understand this and instill personal example of inappropriate behavior on the road.

Teaching children to behave safely on the road includes the following rules:

  • cross the road to be measured steps, you can not run away and rush out there, where you need to adhere to the safety rules;
  • Child, especially small ones, need to keep the hand on the transition of the carriageway;
  • necessary to teach a child to look both ways before he takes the first step into the roadway.This
    skill should be brought to automatism;
  • movement through the roadway even on a green traffic light, you can start by just making sure that all the machines are ready to pedestrians;
  • important to explain and try to teach the child about to determine the speed of movement of the machine (quickly, slowly) and its direction, that is able to determine which vehicle is going straight, and which is preparing to turn;
  • necessary to teach the child that go into vehicles in and out of it only when it is full stop, jump on the move can not be;
  • for pupils would be nice to make a so-called "Itinerary" from home to school and walk this path together with him several times.It must be safe, if not the shortest.

behavior of children in a fire

With age, children are increasingly left alone at home, so a child should begin fire-prevention work, the child knew for in fire, what to do in this situation.

should explain that a fire can not be panic and fear, you can not hide, because you can save yourself and others.Parents are obliged to tell the child how to behave, and to show the place where stored fire-fighting equipment and a variety of tools to help extinguish the flames (blankets, made of thick fabric items).

rules of safe behavior of children in the fire as follows:

  • immediately call for help adults, or be able to call them on the phone;
  • Do not try to extinguish the fire on their own;
  • Out of the flaming apartment door, and if this is the first floor, you can leave a burning apartment through a window;
  • Do not use the lift, you need to go down the stairs;
  • in a locked apartment, you can hide from the fire in the bathroom;
  • If a small fire occurred on the street, and next to no wires, you can fill it with water.

As a child perceives the information easily in the form of drawings, the rules of children's behavior in case of fire is best explored graphically and in a playful way, for example, by drawing different situations and evacuation plans.

behavior of children on water

During the summer, many parents send their children to holiday camps and sanatoriums, therefore kindly requested to teach the child how to behave on the water, because a large troop or group of teachers do not always have time to look after all the children.

rules of safe behavior on the water children:

  • Do not stay in the water, if not near adults - parents or carers;
  • can not play in places where there is a risk of falling into a pond;
  • bad or good swimmer child, he could not swim to the depth, even in the presence of adults;
  • necessary to prohibit children jumping into water from bridges, cliffs and other elevations;
  • prohibited the game in which you need to grab or to heat other;
  • can not swim in places marked "strictly forbidden to bathe."

Children's behavior on the ice

Open ponds are dangerous not only in summer but also during the cold season, when covered by ice.To prevent tragedies, adults should tell the child the basic rules of children's behavior on the ice.

rules of safe behavior of children on Ice:

  • can not feel the strength of ice on the river or pond leaps or kicking;
  • can not go on the ice rivers with fast current or usual place of growth of aquatic vegetation;
  • can not go on the ice in the dark and alone;
  • If still a child fell through the ice, it is necessary that he knew how to behave - not panic and do not make any sudden movements, and spread out his hands and try to cling to the edge of the ice to make an attempt to crawl out of the hole in the ice;
  • correctly assess the situation in case the child had witnessed the incident on the water.Do not run on to help, you need to call adult or call the rescuers to "112".

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