speech Becoming a child is one of the main characteristics of its overall development.The most common form of speech disorders seen in childhood.Children with speech disorders are a separate category of children with developmental disorders, with normal hearing and safe intelligence.Moreover, complex speech disorders are not limited to defects in the pronunciation of certain sounds.Also, the child can not distinguish sounds by ear properly to build phrases that have a limited vocabulary.Meanwhile, it is the higher mental functions, so it is important to pay maximum attention to the development of children with speech disorders.
children with speech pathology, especially in severe form, have poor speech stock, some do not speak.In this case, they have limited communication with others.Despite the fact that the majority of children with speech disorders are able to understand is said to them, they can not themselves fully communicate with other people.C
Other features that characterize children with speech disorders: fragile and unstable attention, rapid forgetting of material limitations of thinking, difficulties in switching, the complexities involved in the process of recalling the sequence of events, the story of a text, the problem of speech synthesis.All this greatly complicates the training - acquisition of literacy, understanding of mathematical tasks, despite the fact that the child is normal intellectually.Very often the consciousness of inferiority when trying to communicate with other people makes the children with speech pathology closed, distant, lethargic and apathetic.The development of children with speech disorders is necessary also in order to prevent further mental retardation.
Early diagnosis of children with speech disorders is extremely important and is of great importance.The earlier purposeful work begins with the child, the better and easier it will be to pass a correction.Examination of the child with speech disorders should be carried out as early as preschool age, or later he may have problems with spoken and written language - reading and writing.In many kindergartens, there are speech therapy groups where children speech therapist is working.speech therapy offices functioning in the secondary schools.
diagnosis of children with speech disorders mainly carries out a speech therapist, the Commission created, in some cases, a part of which may also include other specialists - a psychologist, neurologist, surgeon, dentist.Examination of the child with speech disorders is based on the principles of an integrated and comprehensive, which means delimited but interconnected examination of each specialist.Moreover, a certain kind of speech pathology requires the conclusion of different specialists.Thus, when examining children with nasality is necessary to consult not only the speech therapist, but also an otolaryngologist and dentist.In a study of children with dysarthria, stuttering important part neuropathologist and psychiatrist.During the examination of a child with speech disorders it turns out, what kind of speech activity component is broken - vocabulary, phonetics and grammar, and then assigned to the appropriate treatment.
One of the important directions of the work of speech therapy is the prevention of speech disorders in children.The system of measures for the prevention of speech disorders include primary and secondary prevention.Primary prevention is to remove the causes that subsequently can lead to speech disorders.Moreover, it should be done before the baby is born.Expectant mothers during pregnancy need to be attentive to their health, to respect, to spend more time in the fresh air, eat right.Also, for the prevention of speech disorders in children is essential timely advice from experts-geneticists.In the case of detection of loading for any pathology, parents explain any measures taken will prevent or reduce the likelihood of a hereditary disease.
Secondary prevention of speech disorders is carried out in cases where primary prevention has failed, and the child still there was a certain speech problems.Its main task is to prevent the further development of speech disorders that against the background of the existing pathology does not have any new ones.Secondary prevention is to help children with speech disorders, including the prevention of occurrence of dysgraphia or Tongues in writing.Speech during the course teaches the child auditory differentiation of sounds, correct articulation.Also it carried out work on phonemic analysis of words.Moreover, all this work is carried out mainly to child literacy.
Help for children with speech disorders must be provided not only by specialists.Parents also need to try to help your child deal with the problem, treat it carefully and carefully.The development of children with speech disorders must be systematic and to begin as soon as possible, because in the future to correct the existing problems with speech will be much harder.
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