Sore throat in children - treatment , complications

For the treatment of sore throats in children is necessary to accurately establish the diagnosis and determine the form of the disease, because it can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection.The viruses that cause influenza or the common cold is also sometimes become a cause of the disease.

Angina is usually called common acute infectious disease with severe inflammatory changes on the part of the throat, especially the tonsils.

And because the immunity of children is weak, they are more likely to suffer from adult angina.The most vulnerable age from 3 to 7 years.

cause of the disease is contact with an infected person can also get infected through drinks and food or household items.Failure to comply with the elementary rules of personal hygiene sore throat can spread quickly among the members of the family, in schools and kindergartens.

sore throat in children - symptoms

Regardless of the type of infection the disease always begins suddenly, the child has a fever and sore throat.

main symptoms of sore throats in children are:

  • Poor appetite;
  • weakness, headache, chills;
  • temperature in the range 38-40 ° C;
  • pain when swallowing;
  • Several enlarged and painful lymph nodes;
  • hoarse voice.

Recognize sore throat in infants is more difficult, because the baby can not explain my feelings and to complain about the painful condition.Signs of ill health and a cause for concern may be:

  • refusal child to eat;
  • increased moodiness, irritability, and constant crying;
  • Isolation large number of saliva, due to the fact that the kid hurts to swallow;
  • Increased body temperature;
  • Swelling and redness of the mucous membrane of both tonsils.

On examination, the child and the detection of the first signs of disease consult a physician immediately, as even the most mild form of sore throat can lead to serious complications.To eliminate the disease with similar symptoms, such as diphtheria or whooping cough, is necessary laboratory smear oral mucosa.

Viral tonsillitis in children - Treatment

angina treatment in children depends on the infection that caused the disease.If the cause was a virus, it can be cured using only antipyretic and anti-virals.

In any case, treatment should be comprehensive, it will help get rid of the symptoms, to destroy the source of infection and prevent possible complications.During the treatment it is important to observe strict bed rest, but at the same time to avoid wrapping.It is necessary to reduce to a minimum the burden on the body, limiting motor activity of children.In order to prevent intoxication and dehydration sick child needs plenty of warm drinks (tea, milk, honey, vitamin drinks) and food should not be hot and liquid.

When viral infection drug treatment tonsillitis in children include:

  • Anti-inflammatory drugs - acetaminophen, nimesil ibuprofen.Their action is directed to reducing the temperature (more than 38,5 ° C) and the reduction of pain in the throat.Buy drugs without a prescription, you can, but use strictly according to instructions;
  • Local antiseptics - antibacterial rinse water solutions rivanola (0.05-0.1%), iodinol, chlorhexidine and dioksidina, Gargling with decoction of chamomile, calendula, St. John's wort, sage, linden.

to stimulate the body's defenses to make good preparations strengthening the immune system, such as echinacea purpurea.

treatment of purulent tonsillitis in children

treatment of purulent tonsillitis in children should be carried out, given that it is a bacterial infection caused most commonly by Staphylococcus aureus (sometimes germs can be pneumococci or streptococci).There is such a sore throat in children are usually in the background of the factors that weaken the body, such as reduced immunity, hypothermia, infection of the oral cavity other pathogens.Characteristic features of the disease include: swelling, redness of the throat, tonsils education yellowish-white pustules - affected follicles.Initially, the value infected solitary nodules does not exceed the size of a match head, but when they break formed plaque pus, partly or completely covering the tonsils.The disease can occur especially hard, accompanied by high fever, severe pain when swallowing, and all the signs of intoxication.

Therefore, the total complex treatment of purulent tonsillitis in children require the use of antibiotics group penicillins and cephalosporins, as the causative agent is a bacterium.On antibiotic prescribing doctor should be sure to make a test for tolerance.In the case of allergies, appointed macrolide drugs.In the treatment of antibacterial agents for the restoration of the intestinal microflora is necessary parallel reception pribiotikov (Lactobacillus, Symbiter, Simbivit).To quickly lower the temperature and location of the disease effective treatment tonsils Lugol solution or furatsilina, not more than 1-2 times a day.But keep in mind that many pediatricians do not recommend to lubricate the tonsils antiseptics, as it damages the protective layer of mucous.

Also, be sure to use the local media:

  • antiseptics and pills to alleviate the pain in the throat (Strepsils, Septolete, Faringosept, Dekatilen, Trachisan, Geksoral);
  • Sprays for throat (Stopangin, Aqua Maris, Givalex) approved for use by children three years of age;
  • rinse preparations (soda solution, solution furatsilina).

Toddlers up to a year suffer from angina is rare.In the case of the disease hospitalization.In the treatment of angina in infants use the funds in the form of suppositories, syrups, and intramuscular injection.All appointments must be strictly taken into account the child's weight.

Prevention of sore throats in children is a systematic hardening, long walks in the fresh air, personal hygiene, dental care, and mandatory ventilation and frequent wet cleaning.

Dr. Komarovsky - sore throat in children, treatment

According to Dr. Komarovsky, treatment of sore throats in children should be started on time.But this does not mean that you need to take antibiotics since the redness of the throat of the baby.

antibacterial drugs prescribed to relieve symptoms and reduce the likelihood of complications.It is proved that this probability is significantly reduced if antibiotics appoint during the first nine days of infection.Moreover, many studies show that the first two days when the body is struggling with the disease without medical support - increases immunity against Streptococcus.Komorowski said that the use of antibiotics for the treatment of sore throats on the third day after the onset of the disease and reduces the likelihood of its recurrence.

In any case, parents should be aware that the treatment of sore throats in children is very important because it is a serious disease that can result in delayed or incorrect treatment of trigger complications such as rheumatic fever, glomerulonephritis, rheumatic heart disease.

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