Dry skin in children - causes and treatment

In humans, the skin is one of the most important organs.It performs several functions: barrier, excretory, sensitive, thermoregulatory, store and others.Therefore, parents should from early childhood to closely monitor the condition of the skin of your baby.

Normally, the baby's skin should be clean and smooth, without cracks and inflammation.In the presence on it of any changes (redness or roughness), parents should immediately pay attention to it.Children's body signals that it has failed.

If your child has dry skin, the stratum corneum means it does not contain enough moisture.Appearance it changes - it becomes rough, wrinkled, sometimes scaly, loses its elasticity.But this is not the worst.The danger lies in the fact that the microcracks appear dry skin through which the bacteria can easily penetrate to deeper layers and cause the development of dermatological diseases.

Why does a child have dry skin Dry skin

the child usually occurs in the first three years of life in the autumn-winter or earl

y spring.This phenomenon can be observed in certain parts of the body (arm, leg, face), and the entire surface thereof.Children's skin is very sensitive to external factors, its protective function is only growing.Therefore, the appearance of dry spots or rashes on the body it is important to determine which of the personal care products can cause irritation of the epidermis, and exclude shampoos, soaps, gels, laundry detergents for which the baby may be allergic.If your child has dry skin, choose hypoallergenic means is only for hygiene and washing, preferably without the strong smell and bright colors.

Do not bathe your baby in hot water, it tends to dry the skin, optimal for this procedure will be the temperature of 37 ° C.

Sudden changes in temperature can also cause dryness of the skin of the child.Severe frost and cold wind often cause irritation and redness on the face and hands.Therefore, before going out to the kid need to lubricate the exposed areas of the body with a special cream.

Working desiccate the air in winter the heating system in the apartments, so during this period it is recommended to use special moisturizers.

Dry skin of the child can be an allergic reaction of the body, so you should pay attention to the food.Among them may be those that provoke allergies, in particular citrus fruit and chocolate.

feet Dry skin is

child Quite often dry skin of the child is just on his feet.Especially in the summer it loses moisture to such an extent that it begins to crack this match.In this case it is better to wear open shoes with a maximum air access.To avoid falling into the cracks of dust and dirt, you need to put on socks.Be sure your child at bedtime should wash their feet baby soap, wipe dry and lubricate massage special emollient cream fortified.

Dry skin of legs in a child has a high susceptibility to infection that threatens complications.Anyone familiar prickly heat, diaper dermatitis, diaper rash in case of insufficient care spread quickly, even pustular rash may occur.To avoid complications, it is necessary as the baby the doctor can show faster and begin treatment.

Treatment of dry skin in a child

epidermis in young children has not yet been able to retain water in sufficient quantities, so it is necessary to compensate for the outside.By choosing a moisturizer should be treated seriously, because the skin reacts to external stimuli.If your child has very dry skin, choose the tool together with the pediatrician.Most often in such cases, doctors recommend the use of external preparations containing urea, in particular lotion Excipial M, as well as an additional course of vitamin A in two months.It is better absorbed if before eating drop it on a small piece of black bread.In some cases, if the baby's skin is inflamed, vitamin assigned the E, calcium supplements, fish oil.The dose of medication is determined by your doctor.

Bathe your child better completely without foaming detergents.Very effective in cases such plant trays.It should be mixed in equal proportions rose petals and chamomile flowers, pour boiling water and let stand for 15-20 minutes.Thereafter, filter and add water.The procedure should last at least 10 minutes.Also effective bath with flax oil (1 tablespoon will be enough).

After bathing, you can make the baby massage, treating the skin with a cream containing vitamin A.

Dry the baby's skin as a sign of the onset of disease

Sometimes dry skin can indicate the onset of a disease.Therefore, in case of redness or irritation, parents should consult a doctor to make an accurate diagnosis, determine the cause and begin treatment.Dry skin of the child mostly under the age of 1 year, often in atopic dermatitis.Very itchy, reddened areas are located on the face without affecting the nasolabial triangle.

peeling, scaly education on the elbows, knees, cheeks may be signs of ichthyosis - a genetic disease in which the process is disturbed keratinization cells in the body.

If the baby's skin is very dry and flaky, it probably is hypovitaminosis A and PP treated as receiving the necessary vitamins eliminates unpleasant symptoms.

Keep in mind that dry skin can be caused by dehydration during diarrheal disorders (vomiting, diarrhea), and heavy sweating.

Dry spots on the baby's skin

Dry spots on the body in children often appear, and there is nothing unusual or wrong, because it is very sensitive.But parents should be concerned if they do not go for a long time.First, the cause of such stains can be physiological, since small children are not yet fully functioning sebaceous glands.Second, the condition of the skin affected by environmental factors (temperature, water hardness, humidity, food, soap).First time to mitigate the affected areas you can use the purchased in a drugstore, for example, panthenol.But if dry spots on the baby's skin does not disappear, you need to consult a doctor, as they may be symptoms of serious diseases such as atopic dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis.

with skin ailments are usually difficult to fight, but just put the correct diagnosis facilitates the task.If there is already at an early age or other signs of skin diseases it is very important to take immediate action and prevent its progression.Without proper treatment in a medical institution, it may become chronic.

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