Aims and objectives of rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy

originating in the perinatal period, a group of chronic non-progressive motor symptom disorders that are secondary to the lesions and brain abnormalities, collectively referred to as "Cerebral Palsy" (ICP).By their nature, cerebral palsy is not a hereditary disease, the cause of its occurrence appears in the pathology of subcortical areas, the cortex, capsules and brainstem.The main difference from other types of cerebral palsy is a paralysis time of occurrence, because the disease can manifest this both during pregnancy and childbirth, and after birth, and in the period up to 3 years.

Nowadays advanced rehabilitation centers for children with cerebral palsy are mainly in China, where the treatment using stem cells, Thailand and South Korea.

Symptoms may degrade over time, but in itself is not cerebral palsy is a progressive disease.Mainly in children with cerebral palsy observed disruption of the central parts of the brain that are responsible for the operation of motor functions, which is why there

are problems with posture, movements and muscle tone.

Rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy - a laborious process, in which a highly qualified physician should be involved, and centers specializing in the treatment of this disease should be provided with special medical equipment.

There is a direct relationship between the development of the nervous and musculoskeletal system of the child with the progression and manifestation of symptoms of the disease.Also on the symptoms affect the degree of brain damage and the initial quality of the rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy, which was used in the first years of life.

rehabilitation center for children with cerebral palsy

Unfortunately, today the specific medication for cerebral palsy is not designed, however, to improve the child's quality of life and reduce the severity of symptoms can be.This is what occupies the center of rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy, located in different countries.The experience gained in the treatment of cerebral palsy in the past decade has enabled physicians to achieve successful results.

Basically in such rehabilitation centers carried out by occupational therapy, surgery, physical therapy, medical treatment, traditional Chinese medicine and cell therapy.Also known venues used for the rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy dolphin therapy.Regular communication with dolphins under the supervision of specialists and with the right approach, a positive effect on the development of sick children.

Social rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy

For any process of social adaptation of the child is at first a lot of stress, especially in cases where the terms of the crumbs of dialogue consisted exclusively of family members.Social rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy is a challenge both for parents and for specialized nursery workers, schools, boarding schools and colleges.

social adaptation of children with cerebral palsy program at such institutions should include:

  • socio-cultural rehabilitation;
  • social adaptation;
  • Education social behavior;
  • occupational rehabilitation;
  • individual rehabilitation.

process of rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy should begin at birth and continue uninterrupted as they move from the lower level of special educational institutions in higher.

Children with cerebral palsy differ from peers increased excitability, restlessness, lack of initiative, excessive sensitivity, passivity and excessive disinhibition.That's why employees of institutions where the education of children with cerebral palsy should be general and special education, speech therapy, and extensive pedagogical practice, they should be able to provide psychological and medical assistance.Only those employees can provide the most complete social rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy.

important point is the development in these children a positive attitude to family, society, people, work, learning and life in general.Corrective pedagogical work with children with cerebral palsy should be comprehensive and integrated, to develop all aspects of their mental, speech and motor skills, as well as to prevent and correct the existing violations.

great importance for the further rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy is early diagnosis of the disease.The earlier a child will bring together experts, the greater chance to prevent, rather than correct subsequently delayed reaction of parents, speech and mental abnormalities.In general, the social adaptation of children with cerebral palsy and correctional work of experts should not be built taking into account the child's age, and depending on whether it is on what stage of mental and speech development.

No less important for the child's development is a physical rehabilitation, the opportunity to acquire a variety of work skills, creative development, communication with peers, game activity, as well as close interaction with his parents over the environment in the institution.

main objectives of educational and pedagogical work with children suffering from cerebral palsy, are such as:

  • expansion of the stock of knowledge and understanding of the world around the wards;
  • Hygienic education;
  • Formation of mathematical concepts;
  • development of thinking, memory and attention;
  • development of verbal communication with the surrounding peers and adults;
  • development of fine motor skills, sensory functions, kinesthetic perception and stereognosis;
  • Parenting self-help skills.

properly streamlined education of children with cerebral palsy has a positive impact on their ability to organize and regulate their activities, mental and physical development, and helps to master the skills of socio-labor orientation.

Physical rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy

very important to maintain a more or less normal life of a child with cerebral palsy plays his physical development.Properly organized labor activity has beneficial effects on physical condition, even severely retarded children, facilitates correction and development of their motor skills.

Physical rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy should be gradual and implement the following tasks:

  • develop tactile perception;
  • To develop coordination of movements;
  • develop large and fine motor skills;
  • develop skills freely to relax the respiratory and skeletal muscles.

determine the extent of the physical development of the child, the doctor-rehabilitator selects the optimal treatment, carried out by physical therapy, using special orthopedic appliances, games, motivating the child to use his physical abilities, massage and swimming, which strengthens his muscles.For each child worked out an individual plan of treatment, aimed at both the development of motor skills, as well as the correction of existing shortcomings.

Rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy - a complex and multi-step process, which the participants have to be highly qualified specialists working in close relationship with the parents and relatives of sick children environment.

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