12 August

3 main causes of male infertility

The inability to conceive a child - trouble many Russian families.For quite a long time it was thought that the main "culprits" of this kind of trouble are women.Modern doctors say that the situation is different: about half of the failures in attempts to procreation linked to male infertility.In this case we are not talking about potency problems.We consider only violations of spermatogenesis and sperm discharge during normal sexual intercourse.Not today, experts distinguish three types of reasons for male infertility, which we will consider.

secretory factor

so designated pathology lead to a decrease in the quantity, quality and motility.They can occur due to:

  • Hormonal disruptions.Spermatogenesis most common problems associated with diabetes, thyroid disorders or operation.On the function of sperm production is also not the best way affected by obesity and hormonal drugs;
  • inflammatory and infectious diseases.For example, male infertility causes mumps (mumps), transferred to the child.In additio
    n, many illnesses, sexually transmitted infections, provoke the development of chronic inflammatory processes in the prostate gland;
  • Wrong temperature in the scrotum.For the production of active sperm is necessary to keep the temperature about 35 degrees around the testes.There are some diseases in which this condition is not met.These include, for example, a hernia and hydrocele testes, cryptorchidism (undescended testes in one scrotum), varicocele (enlargement of the scrotum veins).In addition, violation of temperature conditions contribute too frequent visits to the bath or sauna, overreliance on weight training, or, conversely, a sedentary lifestyle;
  • unhealthy lifestyle.And the number and quality of sperm suffer with uncontrolled use of fast food, sweets or fatty foods.Have a devastating effect alcohol and nicotine.The risk of getting problems with spermatogenesis and men working in hazardous work (in hot shops or in the industry, involving the use of radiation or toxic substances);
  • taking certain medications.In spermatogenesis it reflects badly treated anticonvulsant drugs and medicines in oncology.

general improvement of the body, avoiding harmful habits and anti-inflammatory therapy, as a rule, help to improve the quality of sperm.Such ailments like hernia and testicular varicocele treated surgically.On a full recovery after surgery usually takes from 3 to 6 months.

immunological factors

Approximately 10% of infertility cases are due to the fact that the man's body starts to produce antibodies to their own sperm.The reasons for such a reaction can not find it is not always the case.Under the influence of sperm antibodies agglutinate (stick together) and lose their ability to fertilize.The situation can be detected by the so-called MAR-test.If the result is greater than 50%, we can talk about the immunologic infertility.Eliminate agglutination of sperm, it is usually impossible.If the test result is about 100% conception is possible only with the help of IVF using donor sperm.

obstructive factor

This is the common name of infertility cases are related to the emergence of barriers to the ejaculatory tract.The reasons for their appearance can be:

  • Congenital pathology;
  • Inflammatory processes;
  • Injuries genitals;
  • cysts;
  • tumors of various origin.

In any of these cases, the question is not as sperm, and that it can not move freely during sexual contact.As a rule, you can remove the obstruction surgically and restore the possibility of conception.

problem when the couple for a long time wanted to, but can not have a baby, can not be solved without the full examination of the man.This should be done in the early stages of studying the state of the pair, as the diagnosis of male infertility easier and faster than learning disorders complicated conception of the process taking place in a woman's body.

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