12 August

Fennel - useful properties , the use of the fruit and leaves

Fennel - a perennial or biennial plant, belongs to the family umbrella.At the height of the plant can grow up to 2 meters, the stem of his straight and round, much branched above.Fennel Root presented fleshy bulb, yellow-white color.Fennel leaves are very similar to fennel.On top of all parts of the plant are covered with a bluish bloom.Flowering fennel as an ordinary dill.Ripen fennel fruit in autumn.

other plants names are as follows:

  • Pharmacy dill;
  • Fennel Voloshskaya.

Homeland plants considered Mediterranean.Known human fennel was in Ancient Greece and Ancient Egypt, even then it was used as a spice and medicine.The first mention of the use of fennel and its properties dating back to the XVIII century.

In the wild fennel growing on dry rocky slopes, ditches and roadsides.Wild fennel, we can meet in the Crimea, Central Asia and Transcaucasia.

For use as a medicine fennel and spices it is grown in the Krasnodar region, the North Caucasus, the Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova.The most common cultiv

ar in our time - a fennel Balonsky.

composition and useful properties of fennel

main property of fennel is the high content of essential oils.So, different parts of the plant contain different amounts of essential oils:

  • The fruits (seeds) - 6.5%;
  • Leaves - 0.5%.

essential oil of fennel fruit has a strong aroma and sweet spicy taste.Useful properties of fennel due to the unique chemical composition and content in it of numerous substances:

  • fenchone;
  • anethole;
  • Camphor;
  • Alpha-pinene;
  • methyl chavicol;
  • Alfa phellandrene;
  • Limonene;
  • cineole;
  • terpinolene;
  • bornylacetate;
  • Citral.

fruits of fennel are rich in fatty oils.Thus, scientific reviews of fennel contain information that the seeds contain from 12 to 18 percent of the fatty oils.These oils include in its membership many valuable acid:

  • Oleic;
  • petroselinic;
  • Palmitonovaya;
  • Linoleic.

application of useful properties of fennel in the fruit due to such a rich composition.But the useful properties are not only the fruit of fennel, the use of the leaves and stem of the plant brings significant benefits to the body.Thus, the composition of the green parts of fennel are also rich in various elements:

  • glycosides;
  • Ascorbic acid;
  • Carotene;
  • Flavonoids;
  • Minerals;
  • B vitamins

distinctive feature of fennel, reviews cooks, it is low calorie.Thus, the caloric content of fennel is 31 kcal per 100 g But the fruit of 100 grams of fennel - a very impressive weight.Hardly anyone then immediately eats so many.In addition, it would already be excessive use of medicinal plants.There are many reviews of the fennel, the use of which in large numbers, on the contrary, detrimental to health.In particular, it can cause stomach upset and even poisoning.

preparations of fennel fruits have the following effects on the body:

  • Increased secretion of digestive glands;
  • Spazmoliticheskoe;
  • Choleretic;
  • sedative (sedative);
  • Diuretic action;
  • Antibacterial.

Application fennel

Application fennel on responses of patients, provides an excellent effect in the treatment of numerous diseases.In order to use medicinal fennel fruit and leaves.The fruits of fennel found application in the manufacture of other drugs, drugs to neutralize the bitterness and unpleasant odors.This is a distinctive property of fennel in the form of a strong smell and rich taste.

Numerous reviews of fennel celebrated its beneficial effects on the central nervous system.Antispasmodic and sedative properties of fennel are used in the manufacture of medicines for asthma.

oil from the fruit of fennel found use as an expectorant for the treatment of colds.So, it is advisable to use fennel for the following diseases:

  • SARS;
  • Influenza;
  • Bronchitis;
  • Pneumonia;
  • Laryngitis;
  • Tonsillitis;
  • laryngotracheitis.

oil of fennel fruit is also used in flatulence, colitis and indigestion.fennel property to improve the functioning of the intestine is actively used in many diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.The use of fennel, in moderation, is also suitable for the prevention of constipation.This property of fennel fruit is used even for babies and infants, to relieve stomach cramps and colic.The famous "dill water" is made of fennel fruit.

In addition, a decoction of the fruit of fennel found application in obstetrics and gynecology.The unique properties of fennel, in the opinion of pregnant women, help to improve digestion and to remove attacks toxicity (nausea).The same effect is achieved by the application of fennel with its use in food just gave birth at women.The use of fennel helps digestion establish maternity.In addition, the unusual property of fennel, in the opinion of young mothers, is its ability to stimulate lactation.Taking tea from the fruit of fennel, women manage to quickly establish lactation.Besides, through breast milk in the baby penetrates the substance providing the therapeutic properties of fennel.Thus, excessive gas formation are avoided in a small body.The use of fennel has a beneficial effect on the normalization of the menstrual cycle.

In cooking, use fennel as a condiment found.In the food consumed virtually all of the plant may be, his bulb stem (stem) leaves and seeds.From fresh greens and fennel bulbs, reviews cooks, prepare salads and soups.The fruits of fennel perfectly complement meat and fish dishes.Additionally, fennel fruit is used in winter in canning of certain vegetables.

essential oil of fennel fruit has also found application in cosmetics and perfumes.

Contraindications to the use of fennel

Along with the fact that the use of fennel and its properties by women breast-feeding is widespread, and the need to be careful.There are reviews of fennel from women who have begun to notice in himself and the child's allergy symptoms after excessive consumption of this plant.The same applies to pregnant women.It is not necessary to designate and make preparations on the basis of fennel.And especially, do not exceed the recommended dose administration.During pregnancy and lactation the use of fennel is only possible in consultation with the doctor.

In addition, an absolute contraindication to the use of fennel is the body's hypersensitivity or idiosyncrasy fennel fruit.In this case, a person may feel nausea and dizziness, even the smell of the plants.

Excessive use of fennel, in the opinion of doctors in epilepsy is extremely dangerous and can be fatal.

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