perception - a complex process, the total display all the properties of objects and phenomena.It covers a total all judgments, action, memory, emotional reflection, their own feelings.Feeling displays the individual properties of the object and the quality in our minds.The process of perception analyzes and synthesizes the past experience accumulated sensations and displays them in mind.
Violation of perception in children, associated with the lack of stimuli and information that can not properly orient the child in the environment.Perception is a reflection of complex stimuli.
defining the objects around us, we are based on the image obtained as a result of previous experience.Received a defective experience due to any physical defect, we perceive an image that does not match its actual quality.
With a full vision, a person in determining the image based on its objectivity, integrity and meaningfulness, significance.At the same time the int
Shortcomings in the perception of children with visual impairment lay a negative impact on their intellectual and mental development.
From infancy child having defective vision perceives the world and things in a distorted way.He can not clearly identify the subject face is devoid of colors shades, difficult spatial sensation of the object.
Against the backdrop of the perception in children appear fears guessed, illusory objects, causing confusion and poor orientation in the world.
a result of defects in children may develop optical (visual) agnosia -Violation recognition of visual images.
In children with impaired perception of visual images observed lower cognitive horizon.At all stages of the development of a mental underdevelopment and sometimes the development of mental illness.Sometimes perception in children with visual impairment entails a violation or underdevelopment of speech, hearing loss.
educational process of the children runs with difficulty and lagging behind their peers.
space and time by children with visual impairments are perceived with difficulty.Sometimes they confuse right and left sides, long time can not remember seasons, hours, months.All this is the result of violations of children perception of the environment.
In addition, children with visual impairment observed narrowness of vision.They badly landmark, overlooking the smaller details.
often impaired perception in children causes school failure, becauseit is difficult to prioritize, isolate importantly, capture the essence.
School problems they begin from the first days when you need to learn to write, read.As a result, a distorted view of the child can not correctly portray the characters.
All this gives rise to violations of the child's psyche.
mentally retarded children - mental retardation - can be caused by organic factors, and psychological.One of them is a violation of children perception of the world.
often have misperceptions surrounding children actually entails and mental problems.
is sometimes said that the pictures drawn by children with mental retardation, characterized by their disease state, ie,sick psyche.But, in fact, children with impaired perception of the world draw the world as they see it.
Consequently, perception of the world, which is the result of a breach of visual or auditory images, entails a violation of a child's development.Distorted perception in children with mental retardation is an expression of their feelings surrounding objects and phenomena.
In children with impaired visual function sometimes formed scattered, fragmentary visual perception, and the knowledge of the world is also fragmented.As a result, there is a wrong perception of the environment and leads to delays in the development.
During the development of the child is necessary to use memory and thinking, but in a situation where these concepts are distorted, is a violation of perceptions and reducing the level of development.
perception in children with mental retardation in comparison with their peers is much smaller facets of perceived sensations.
small volume of perceived material object configurations slight difference, difficulty of perception of subjects, phenomena, slowness of perception, problems with orientation - all this affects the development of the child.
Violation of perception in children should be a particular concern for adults.Without their help, the child is difficult to enter into a complicated adult world.
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