The concept of moral education for preschool

Morality - internal setup man to act according to conscience and free will of the individual internal requirements for itself.Also under morality understand a set of rules of conduct of each individual in society, the internal qualities of the person and their expression, determine its behavior in society.Moral education - the formation of a harmonious personality, the development of an integrated value-semantic dominant in preschool children.Moral education - one of the most important stages of a child's upbringing, necessary for his personal formation in the society.This process sends the child a system of common fundamental values ​​that define the relationships of people in society, in the family, as well as principles and norms, based on the concepts of good and evil, truth and falsehood, positive and negative in a global sense.What are the means and methods of moral education of preschool children?What is the role of moral education of preschool children in the family?

Key aspects of moral educat
ion of preschool age

urgency of the problem of moral education is due to the crisis of the modern society in which there was the erosion of moral standards, the institution of family the importance of spiritual values, which greatly complicates the path of personal formation of pre-school age children.Moral education is intended to promote a harmonious personality that is aware of the norms and values ​​that define the basis for relations between people in society.

crisis of society morals contribute frivolous modern child-rearing techniques, in which the child receives bases of moral education is the family imposed by demoralized public funds (for example, computer games, educational selfishness and cruelty).

Why morality education should begin at an early age?During this period the child is the most open emotional experience and empathy.The child perceives the words and actions of adults as a given, without questioning them, what is going on at an older age, when a child learns to analyze the words and deeds, to compare experiences and to make certain, not always the right conclusions.The experience gained by young children in the future will present a proper, true, canonical, not questioned.

Moral education at preschool age is realized through a system of methods and means, but the main source of moral education and formation of harmonious personality of the child is his family.Support mechanisms for the implementation of moral education of preschool children are kindergartens, the role of which is to correct errors in the upbringing of the child's family.

main methods of moral education of preschool children

Moral education of preschool children - a complex process of formation of beliefs and values ​​of the child, implemented by certain methods, which include:

  • belief and conversation;
  • call to action;
  • invocation of compassion and empathy;
  • Promotion;
  • punishment.

At preschool age child is not aware of what is good and what is bad, but it is the most open to the emotional perception of the situation.Therefore, in the early period of the moral education of preschool children the standard methods are ineffective.

Many parents in the upbringing of morality in the child play a major role mechanisms of reward and punishment, correctly interpreting these methods, reducing them to promotion material and physical punishment or material deprivation.As practice shows, this tactic is also ineffective in the long run, as the physical and material deprivation are external manifestation of moral control for pre-school children.Moral education is designed to stimulate the expression of internal promotion (himself) and internal deprivation (punishment - unauthorized refusal of promotion, benefits).

main means of moral education of preschool children

Thinking and representation of the child of preschool age, moral education is realized through certain means of system differ very specific, so they need clear, understandable forms and symbols for the realization of such abstract notions of moral principles, like goodness, faithfulness, gratitude, compassion, love, beauty, and others.Among the major means of moral education of preschool children isolated:

  • Tale;
  • game;
  • Creative Activity, labor, human activities;
  • Nature;
  • Communication as with peers and adults;
  • Collective - children's environment is one of the important means of moral education of preschool children, allowing the child to develop and demonstrate their individuality within a particular society, managed by its own laws and regulations.This is one of the essential mechanisms for education of collectivism, that can not be realized in any other circumstances.The harmonious development of the personality is not possible without the collective, as a man - a social being living in society and being part of it.Education of collectivism in a child must necessarily overcome the contradiction - the suppression of collective identity.Separate overcome this problem, allow the child to learn to live and develop in society as a generally accepted framework of norms and morals.

These funds moral development of the child are affordable and easy to apply in practice, both in terms of raising a child in the garden, and in the family.

role of moral education of preschool children in the family

bases of moral education of preschool children are implemented in the context of the family.The child, as a young wannabe adult, copy the behavior of parents, adopts the tactics of their treatment of each other and with other people in society.Parents should realize that it is impossible to cultivate harmonious benevolent personality in unhealthy family atmosphere, which is dominated by disrespect, selfishness, laziness, deception.

Family - basic medium to obtain knowledge and experience for the child.Kindergarten and other educational institutions are intended only to correct mistakes their parents made in the education of children of preschool age.Moral education of children in the family should be implemented with the utmost respect of his personal dignity.Formation of moral behavior the baby should not be accompanied by the suppression of its initiatives, the manifestations of personal qualities.

For preschool-age child's moral education is being implemented through the prism of family relations, which should be the natural role model, inheriting a child who could be a moral member of society.

For a child of preschool age moral education in the family is the basis of the formation of his personality.

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