Modern society is faced with a serious problem of moral education of children, the methods previously used, become less efficient, and the younger generation increasingly difficult to inculcate moral and spiritual values.Today, children are a huge reservoir of information from the media, the Internet, schools, cinemas and kindergartens, which are, unfortunately, likely contribute to the erosion of the understanding of moral norms.It is this state of affairs and makes society more and more to think about the problem of the moral and ethical education of children of all ages.
At the age of 4-6 years for the child especially important moral and ethical education, as it was in this period children are particularly susceptible to the absorption of moral requirements and standards, which are the most important part of the process of identity formation andchild's character.It is these rules in the future will be the measure of actions of the child a
Understanding of concepts such as justice, love, friendship, compassion, and kindness is not only a significant level of emotional development, but also helps the child to experience stressful situations calmly and resist the negative influence from the outside.As a result of the moral and ethical education of preschool children begin to behave properly not to the approval of the adults, and consider compliance behavior an important part of relations between people.
Emotions play in a child's life the most important role, since they help to shape and respond to the attitude of a preschooler reality.Moral education is determined by the fact that learning the language of feelings and emotions, which range from age expands and becomes more diverse, the child masters the ability to express their experiences through a variety of non-verbal and verbal means, in accordance with the norms accepted in society.The difference between two-year and five-year child is that the child older already knows how to hide his fear and not give in to emotions, tears and restrain aggression arises.Thanks to the moral and ethical education of children more consciously use their feelings and emotions.
Becoming emotional environment of preschool children is very closely connected with their moral and ethical education and has its own dynamics.Based on the life examples, they formed their own attitude as a negative quality (greed, slander, falsehood), and a good human qualities (the ability to love, support, patronize, etc.).As they get older is related to fundamental notions of life continues to evolve, and with the help of adult behavior surrounding child lays the moral norms of behavior.The environment in which a preschooler grows, determines the direction of his moral development throughout his life.So, what manner of behavior is accepted and appreciated in the family, as a rule, a child is perceived as generally accepted standards.
moral education of the child at the beginning of his life engaged parents, then, depending on whether the decision to send their children to kindergarten is accepted, they are engaged on a par with the tutors of children's parentsgardens, after the baton is passed to teachers in schools.At the age of 6-7 years it has formed a clear idea of the child about what is good and right, and what is not, in its present behavior common courtesy skills.child communication circle gets wider at the school, added to his duties study, it has to build relationships with new people for him.In the first 3-4 years of school life, the child is particularly susceptible to moral and aesthetic education, it is perfectly assimilates the norms and rules of behavior in society.Due to the allocation of a separate system of moral standards in the child formed his own moral position, which it will follow under any circumstances.
implementing moral and ethical education of pupils, it is necessary to take into account the fact that over time, their moral concepts will change, and the outcome of any action will not be the same - good or bad.Becomes an adult, the child will discover that sometimes the good deeds carried out with good intentions, lead to negative consequences, but because of lack of objectivity, the children judge the actions only by their consequences.However, giving a moral assessment act, even if it led to negative consequences, psychologically children are able to take into account the intentions with which the person has committed such an act.This is due to the fact that, along with the realization of the "I" in the child develops an understanding of the "I" of other people.It was during this period is particularly important means of moral and ethical education of preschool children to form an understanding of the interests, needs and experiences of other people.
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