Areas of spiritual and moral education of preschool children

Spiritual and moral education of preschool children based on the child instilling moral, aesthetic and spiritual values, which form the positive, moral and personal development.

basic principles of spiritual and moral education of preschool children of spiritual and moral education of preschool children

allows the correct form outlook, citizenship, family values ​​and moral guidelines.

The basis of modern studies of spiritual and moral education of preschool children laid the orthodox teaching, which includes spiritual and moral components necessary for the spiritual development of the society and the state.

Spiritual and moral education of preschool children should be carried out jointly by parents and relatives, teachers and educators.In the process of education of the important historical continuity of generations, the possibility of transmission of moral experience and giving a positive example.

process of spiritual and moral formation of the Child is particularly important in the preschool pe

riod, when there is formation of the basic qualities of the personality and habits.

Within the Orthodox pedagogy of spiritual and moral education is regarded as the formation and development of personality, which has moral and spiritual guidance, self-improvement in the service of goodness and self-determination in the virtues.

The basic principles of spiritual and moral education of preschool children include:

  • spiritual landmark - the construction of the life and actions on the basis of Christian perfection, avoiding evil and choosing the good;
  • humanistic principle - the formation of a positive attitude to the world and people, empathy and compassion;
  • natural scientific principle, which is based on a scientific understanding of social processes, the laws of development and formation;
  • cultural principle in accordance with the national culture, values ​​and traditions;
  • state principle, in which education is carried out in accordance with Russian law.

effective employment of spiritual and moral education of preschool children should include scientific and canonical, multi-level, visibility, activity, regularity and consistency, practicality and responsibility.

Aims and objectives of spiritual and moral education of preschool children

Spiritual and moral education of preschool children is a long process requiring internal changes, the acquisition of inner awareness and the desire to do good.

main goal of moral education is the formation of a moral person, the promotion of the spiritual experience of communion and to the values ​​of Orthodox culture.

The main tasks of spiritual and moral education of preschool children include:

  • knowledge and instilling Orthodox culture and traditions;
  • disclosure of spiritual and moral endowments of the child, his abilities and talents;
  • harmonious, positive and humanist personality development of the child;
  • formation of civil consciousness, friendly attitude to the world and people;
  • spiritualization child living space;
  • protection and promotion of physical, mental and spiritual health of the child.

Methods and techniques of spiritual and moral education of preschool children

Spiritual and moral education of preschool children by means of different methods, techniques and tools.The structure of training program should include different types of gaming activities (verbal, finger, role, etc.), teaching materials, works of art, design and outdoor exercise.

When using the plot and game exercises you need to focus on the moral side of the child, compassion, mercy and compassion.

The structure of spiritual and moral education of preschool programs should include the following activities:

  • productive activity (manufacturing applications, figures, designs, crafts, drawings);
  • theater's activities (simulated scenes and performances of spiritual subjects);
  • cognitive activities (reading historical and orthodox literature, fairy tales, lives of the saints);
  • creative activity (molded from clay, paintings and drawings, musical creativity, dance);
  • moral activity (lessons of love and kindness, familiarity with the Orthodox traditions and values);
  • joint activities, involving children and parents, aimed at spiritual development of families, strengthening family values, respect and mutual understanding (family and Orthodox holidays, games and competitions).

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