Effective methods of child-rearing

Modern methods of parenting are aimed at maximizing the disclosure of the potential abilities of the child from an early age.Scientific and technological progress is changing the world around us at an incredible rate and the need to educate children so that they are adequately perceive the surrounding reality and can absorb huge traffic load without difficulty.Therefore it is necessary to abandon the outdated child-rearing techniques, as they are not allowed to reveal the full potential inherent in children.The ability of the child, which in the recent past would have been considered phenomenal, the current reality is the absolute norm.Even 10 years ago, the ability to include a three-year child-click the TV, it was an occasion for parents to be proud of the early development of your baby, and now not uncommon for 2-3 year-olds mastering laptops and tablets.

Technique of education of children of preschool age

basic human abilities are formed in early childhood, so it is necessary to engage in practic

ally from birth to the baby, constantly teaching him new skills and knowledge.The primary mission of the parents - the right upbringing of the child, which is to elect the correct method of education of preschool children.From this choice will depend on how the child grows, his character, attitude towards others, the ability to adapt to society and more.

Consider the basic principles of interaction between the parent-child relationship, which is based on many methods of raising children:

  • belief or chat - sympathetic tone calm child explained the situation and how to resolve it, means working together on a problem or issue;
  • positive reinforcement - a sequence of response actions after the parents or the child's actions, is to promote, support and praise.Positive emotions caused by the reaction of parents, formed in the kid cheerfulness, positive attitude towards life;
  • Negative reinforcement - the punishment or prohibition, as a consequence of a bad act or behavior of the child.Use should, in exceptional cases, after explaining to the kid, he is punished for that and show that punishing his parents are also very disappointed.Frequent penalties can cause the development of the baby aggression and tendency to disobey;
  • «carrot and stick" - the principle of cooperation is clear from the title.For the good deed of the child are encouraged, but for the poor it is punished.It is important to adhere strictly to the rules, not forgetting the promotion, but also to punish in this case for misconduct should be unconditional;
  • «One-two-three" - Easy Counting to help cope with the manifestation of the unmotivated child unruly.Make a note to the kid and even calmly, while slowly, giving him time to think about their behavior, count to three.If the baby does not stop, it should be agreed before the punishment.Use this method can be for children older than two years, to explain in detail what punishment, how can rectify the situation;
  • «On the contrary" - at a certain age, some children resist any requests and instructions of adults.Knowing such a feature of the nature of your child, you can get him the desired action by the ban.Method controversial, but in some cases effective.It is important to explain to the child after the events that happened, and what it is not right, it is possible in comic form;
  • Physical punishment - practiced by some parents, but it can lead to negative consequences, breaking the child's psyche and affects its further social adaptation.

should not give preference to any one method, different child-rearing techniques use complex of several methods at once, in addition, the developers introduce additional elements in the educational process.All children are different and that will benefit one child, the other can hurt.Choosing a method of bringing up children must be necessarily take into account the characteristics of their child's social and living conditions, their personal capabilities and many other important factors.

methods of education and development of children

upbringing and development of children - two interconnected processes, and especially in childhood.As a result of scientific studies have shown that learning is most effective during the intensive growth of the brain, ievirtually from birth.Therefore, most education methods and development of children is based on early learning.

most popular methods of education and development of children of preschool age, which often oriented modern parents in the education of their children:

  • early development by Glenn Doman.Scientist neuroscientist who discovered and proved the law, on the basis of which has developed a methodology for the development of children - the brain grows and develops only when running;
  • Waldorf method of early development.The founder of anthroposophy Rudolf Steiner, the focus in education pays the formation of the aesthetic view of the world;
  • Early child development as described in the Nikitin family.The natural development of children without coercion, based on cooperation with parents in a comfortable environment where children feel desire and priority;
  • The technique of early development of Maria Montessori.Creating a developing environment that takes into account the interests of each individual child, prompting him to learn and develop.

Choosing education methods for children is their parents, so it is important before the birth of the baby to learn the basic, to choose the most adapted or try to combine the best of different.

Makarenko about the education of children in the labor

Soviet educator ASMakarenko about parenting for a long time based basic education techniques in the former Soviet Union.

Makarenko considered the founder of the Marxist-Leninist pedagogy, the purpose of which was fully developed communist education of builders of communism.According to Makarenko, it is necessary to educate patriots loyal to the socialist homeland, people educated, skilled, with a sense of honor and duty, disciplined, cheerful, persistent, cheerful, have organizational skills, with dignity.

Summary of Makarenko about education of children in the family:

  • family have to be complete;
  • relationship between father, mother and children need to be friendly, based on respect and love;
  • sure there is a clear mode and employment;
  • Participation of children in the family farm in order to create their teamwork, honesty, thrift, diligence, responsibility;
  • should be given to education and aesthetic education of children to form a fully developed personality;
  • Parents should be aware of their responsibility to the state for the education of children.

Despite the controversial techniques in the study of the works of Makarenko can extract many useful lessons that are important in the process of modern parenting.

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