Pre-school education of children includes a number of different directions.On the one hand - is the formation of human values necessary to ensure that the child has grown tolerant, confident and sociable.On the other hand - this is a time when it is necessary to prepare for school, to lay the basic skills and concepts.
With changes taking place in society, changing the approach to child-rearing.Earlier on children impacted by imposing them a sense of guilt, instilling good habits coercion and prohibitions, today modern children do not actually respond to such methods.That is why the psychologists and progressive educators believe that the basic principles of education of children of preschool age should be revised to reflect the changes occurring in society.
The basis of modern methods of education is mutual respect and cooperation between adults and children, with the necessary trust and transparency relationship requires a lot of dedication and adults, whic
can identify the fundamental principles that underpin the education of children today:
principles of education of preschool children define the work of the teacher of pre-school institutions and are required to successfully complete training and assimilation of the child the necessary knowledge.
During the pre-school education of children and the organization of the learning process and the task of the educator educator is to create the necessary conditions to increase overall cognitive activity in children, the formation of a positive attitude to the training sessions and raise self-sufficiency and efficiency.
One of the main principles of pre-school education of children and the formation of the child's personality qualities is consistency and coherence.This ensures that all the necessary skills and knowledge are presented depending on the age of the gradual complication.
Systematic training includes the following concepts:
In addition, another prerequisite for building a proper learning process is the availability of educational material.This principle is based pedagogy Montessori, who believed that the comprehensive development of the child is necessary to provide it with all the necessary textbooks and teaching materials.Activities with children should stimulate cognitive activity.
visual aids may be any material or symbolic model.However, you need to understand, this is just a tool for learning, not a goal.Therefore, when using them it is necessary to consider the content and the possibility of feedback.
care and pre-school children should be based on an individual approach, taking into account the personal characteristics of the child's character, his temperament, inclinations and abilities.Individual approach to training and education significantly increases the effectiveness of training and allows more fully reveal the talent at an early age.
Due to individual approach to pre-school education of children the teacher can fully examine the personal characteristics of the child and identify the factors that have the most significant influence on him.
scientific training principle is to move from the external object to the description of its internal structure, from the knowledge of the phenomenon to its essence.In view of these requirements should be based training material that will allow the child an idea of the diversity of the surrounding external world.
Another essential principle in pre-school education of children is the strength of the acquired knowledge and skills.To do this, the teacher should:
One of the objectives of education and pre-school education of children is the right to build the cognitive activity that will stimulate the development of logical and creative thinking.Therefore, the teacher should be able to explain the processes from different perspectives and to develop the child's initial scientific concepts.
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