The principles of modern preschool children

Pre-school education of children includes a number of different directions.On the one hand - is the formation of human values ​​necessary to ensure that the child has grown tolerant, confident and sociable.On the other hand - this is a time when it is necessary to prepare for school, to lay the basic skills and concepts.

Basic principles of preschool children

With changes taking place in society, changing the approach to child-rearing.Earlier on children impacted by imposing them a sense of guilt, instilling good habits coercion and prohibitions, today modern children do not actually respond to such methods.That is why the psychologists and progressive educators believe that the basic principles of education of children of preschool age should be revised to reflect the changes occurring in society.

The basis of modern methods of education is mutual respect and cooperation between adults and children, with the necessary trust and transparency relationship requires a lot of dedication and adults, whic

h are also for the success of pre-school education of children is necessary to change their own stereotypes.

can identify the fundamental principles that underpin the education of children today:

  • respectful attitude that does not allow humiliation, violence and authoritarian pressure;
  • freedom of choice that allows you to fully disclose the child's ability inherent in it.In this case we are not talking about total freedom without supervision from adults.We need to create the necessary for the full development and pre-school education conditions of children in a safe environment allowing the most easy and simple to acquire knowledge and skills;
  • Help in making a decision, which is to show the advantages, disadvantages and possible consequences of those or other actions;
  • explanation of their claims and actions.This will allow your child to understand that an adult is no pressure on him, and tries to protect them from danger, or teaches the discipline necessary in life;
  • Constant communication, which allows not only to establish a relationship of trust between parent and child, but also conducive to the development of correct speech;
  • support any initiatives and the promotion of initiatives that will develop self-confidence and responsibility for their actions;
  • displays of affection towards the child.Many parents think that the child priori knows that he is loved.However, this is not true, and the baby needs daily confirmation that he really loved.Love can be expressed in various ways - gentle words, time spent together and approval.

care and pre-school children

principles of education of preschool children define the work of the teacher of pre-school institutions and are required to successfully complete training and assimilation of the child the necessary knowledge.

During the pre-school education of children and the organization of the learning process and the task of the educator educator is to create the necessary conditions to increase overall cognitive activity in children, the formation of a positive attitude to the training sessions and raise self-sufficiency and efficiency.

One of the main principles of pre-school education of children and the formation of the child's personality qualities is consistency and coherence.This ensures that all the necessary skills and knowledge are presented depending on the age of the gradual complication.

Systematic training includes the following concepts:

  • provide educational material should reflect the various aspects of reality, and summarized into a single system of knowledge;
  • teacher qualification should allow him to convey the necessary knowledge to the extent of complexity, taking into account the fact that a child can understand, depending on age and ability;
  • curriculum should contribute to the gradual development of logical thinking, and include a variety of its components - the comparison, analysis, synthesis, generalization, abstraction, development of forms of deductive thinking;
  • ultimate goal of employment must be an understanding and assimilation of new material, as well as the development of the senses, attention, imagination, memory, and the formation of such traits as dedication and perseverance in overcoming the difficulties encountered.

In addition, another prerequisite for building a proper learning process is the availability of educational material.This principle is based pedagogy Montessori, who believed that the comprehensive development of the child is necessary to provide it with all the necessary textbooks and teaching materials.Activities with children should stimulate cognitive activity.

visual aids may be any material or symbolic model.However, you need to understand, this is just a tool for learning, not a goal.Therefore, when using them it is necessary to consider the content and the possibility of feedback.

care and pre-school children should be based on an individual approach, taking into account the personal characteristics of the child's character, his temperament, inclinations and abilities.Individual approach to training and education significantly increases the effectiveness of training and allows more fully reveal the talent at an early age.

Due to individual approach to pre-school education of children the teacher can fully examine the personal characteristics of the child and identify the factors that have the most significant influence on him.

scientific training principle is to move from the external object to the description of its internal structure, from the knowledge of the phenomenon to its essence.In view of these requirements should be based training material that will allow the child an idea of ​​the diversity of the surrounding external world.

Another essential principle in pre-school education of children is the strength of the acquired knowledge and skills.To do this, the teacher should:

  • be able to allocate the main thing in the studied material;
  • shows the relationship the main thoughts of the studied material to a child existing knowledge, thereby strengthening links, making it impossible to further loss of subjective importance of new knowledge in the mental activity of the child;
  • To consolidate the knowledge they need to connect with the emotions, feelings and experiences of children.You can use a variety of games or fairy tales that would cause the child emotional response;
  • possible, all this knowledge should be secured in practice.You can use a variety of teaching materials, as well as the artistic means.

One of the objectives of education and pre-school education of children is the right to build the cognitive activity that will stimulate the development of logical and creative thinking.Therefore, the teacher should be able to explain the processes from different perspectives and to develop the child's initial scientific concepts.

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