Aesthetic education of children - principles, methods,

Among the different areas of education in pre-school age alone is aesthetic education of children.It is developing a child's sense of beauty and attraction to beauty.

General principles of aesthetic education

Under the laws of beauty implies the pursuit of perfection and harmony, to the inner and spiritual development.

In general, under the aesthetic education of children means mastering the rules of exemplary behavior and friendly attitude towards people and the development of the desire to acquire cultural values.When it comes to less than the global level, the aesthetic education of children helps develop their creativity, instill artistic taste of the child develops a craving for "beauty".

variety of methods and tools used in aesthetic education of children, selecting the most appropriate and suitable to the specific process conditions.The choice of method depends on many conditions:

  • Volume artistic information;
  • as artistic material;
  • forms of organization of work;
  • activity;
  • age child.

In addition, an important role in aesthetic education of children is the level of preparation of the teacher of pre-school education, his ability and skill.

Channels aesthetic flow of information varied.This social environment, and natural phenomena, and the world of objects and works of art, so it is very important holistic method of perception of fairy tale story, a painting or piece of music.Teacher specifically draws attention to the observation of the child's individual characters, their behavior and habits, to help him see the details (sounds, colors, shapes).

methods of aesthetic education of children of preschool age

Classification of methods of aesthetic education of children is difficult enough, as they are closely linked with each other.Consider the two main ways in which you can classify methods of aesthetic education:

  • According to a method of producing aesthetic information;
  • The shape of organization.

As a method for producing the aesthetic nature of the information recovered visual and verbal methods.The visual methods child directly acquainted with any work of art, listening to a song or piece of music, is considering painting or museum exhibits.Verbal method - is to obtain information through an educator who first tells and explains, and then ask questions.

To the listed methods of aesthetic education must meet certain requirements.For example, the performance of musical and literary works should be emotional and expressive artistic and otherwise encounter with art is less than the impact on the child, or will not it at all.

methods of aesthetic education of children in the form of organization of activities - this is the second line in our classification.There are also two basic methods: the teacher demonstrates and gives precise instructions on art classes, or offering children to find their own methods of execution.For example, to learn a poem or song, requires the prior fulfillment of their adult holding a conversation about the work, and if necessary, the use of visual aids.An example of self-fulfillment can be an art sculpture, painting or appliqué.Mentor is only indirectly involved in the process (reminding, prompting to action, correcting errors).

Also worth noting is that the aesthetic education of children of preschool age is different from the aesthetic education of schoolchildren.If the kids are attached to beauty through visual perception and understanding of the importance of cleanliness and order, the older children are already actively "transform" the world under the guidance of an adult.Students should not only observe and evaluate, and to be able to make a herbarium, arrange play area, etc.Depending on the age of the child, his degree of readiness, growth aspirations and demands of aesthetic education methods are complicated.

As can be seen, the terms that define the nature of aesthetic education of children, very much.Using them in combination, alternating and complicated, we are seeking to ensure that the child begins to see the beauty of the world, becomes creative flair and learns the art of creation and understanding of beauty.

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