Hematoma in infants - birth trauma

Having a child in the light passes is not as easy as it might seem at first glance.Sometimes, when natural childbirth the baby occur various injuries, despite what nature provided to minimize the risk of damage.Thus, often occurs during the birth hematoma in neonates.Doctors believe such a trauma normal, so try to reassure mothers who are very experienced because of what happened.

hematoma on the head of a newborn

To the kid passed through the birth canal, it is necessary to squeeze the muscle between the ring and the mother's pelvic bones.During the promotion, the baby makes a corkscrew, swing and other movements.Meanwhile, all the kids are strong, but at the same time flexible bones of the skull, which are interconnected natural shock absorbers - sutures and fontanelle.

SPRING - a space that remains free in the middle of the skull, and is necessary for the birth of a child.A newborn has two fontanelle: large and small.Grand is located on the crown of the head of the child and is a soft spot, cover

ed with a thin membrane.Small fontanelle is located at the back of the head.Due to this structure, the bones are able to diverge and converge.

During the birth of the head several changes its shape: the skull bones are superimposed on each other, which allows him to squeeze through the narrowest place.Subsequently, the skull quickly finish with the first cry of the baby, as well as during its application to the chest.If the child is healthy, it usually passes through the birth canal without any consequences.But if the baby were observed fetal complications or mum health problems, the baby is not always possible to be born without any damage.Sometimes it does not avoid the formation of a hematoma on the head of a newborn.

Often tribal skull injury occurs on a background of fetal hypoxia.In the conditions of lack of oxygen at the kid in all tissues may change metabolism, which can reduce the flexibility of its vessels.During birth "weak" blood vessels and capillaries can not withstand the pressure difference between the inside of the uterus and in the external environment, which may lead to hemorrhage into brain tissue.The result is the formation of a hematoma in the newborn.

Often, such a birth injury occurs in premature babies, whose body is not quite mature, including vessels.Also, sometimes born with injuries post-term children as their bones are starting to harden, and the fontanelle - closed.Therefore, their skull is less elastic and mobile.Bruising and swelling of the tissues can be formed not only on the child's head, but also on the body or face.

Generally, a hematoma in infants passes quickly, without any special effects on the baby's health.On the second or third day of the skin at the site of injury aligned, bruises fade and then disappear after a couple of weeks.Although there are exceptions yet.Some children birth tumor may grow and bleed, which is quite dangerous to various complications.In this case, it is already impossible to do without treatment.A child is administered hemostatic agent, and even in the case of antibiotics nagnaivaniya hematoma.

Cephalohaematoma in

newborns, depending on where it was bleeding, there are several types of hematomas.However, the most common cephalohematoma.She is bleeding under the periosteum of the skull bones.When pressing on this place under your fingers like waves diverge.In this case the surface of the skin over the hematoma in the newborn is not changed, the color remains the same, although the point traces of blood can be observed.

mechanism of trauma is that the skin is shifted together with the periosteum and during movement of the head of the child through the birth canal going vessels rupture due to compression of the skull bones.Causes of neonatal kefalogematomy:

  • overload that the baby is exposed at birth;
  • mismatch size of the fetus and the birth canal;
  • Prematurity;
  • Complications after vacuum extraction.

Immediately after birth to detect cephalhaematoma quite difficult, because it is closed the generic tumor and becomes noticeable only after its resorption.As a result of vascular damage accumulation occurs a certain amount of blood.And the blood in the hematoma is not going right, all on the first day, but gradually.The fact that newborn babies are usually observed a temporary deficiency of blood clotting factors.Therefore appeared immediately after the birth of the tumor continues to grow in size in the next 2-3 days, and the volume kefalogematomy in newborns ranges from 10 to 150 ml of blood.

place this type of hematoma is in different parts of the head, and the blood inside for a long time remains liquid because of its low coagulation.If cephalohematoma is little blood, about a week later it will begin to dissolve on their own, without any intervention or treatment.With a significant hemorrhage, this process can take several months.Therefore, for the treatment of hematomas in infants used a puncture.

For this purpose, two special needles for sucking blood.A needle - for the removal of blood, while the other - that there was no negative pressure in the vacant cavity and not to provoke a new hemorrhage.Usually this manipulation scares moms baby, but nothing difficult in it.Fear is necessary consequences of hematoma in a newborn if it is not cured in time, it could fester or ossify and leave on the head of a child ugly lump.

Complications kefalogematomy:

  • Anemia - is caused by a large blood loss;
  • Jaundice - formed by the resorption of hemorrhages;
  • Suppuration of the tumor;
  • Ossification hematoma.

urgently need to see a doctor in the presence of hematoma in a newborn if:

  • child has difficulty feeding;
  • Baby restless or overly excitable;A baby
  • observed asymmetry of the head, problems with muscle tone;
  • The child has a strong throwing the head back.

In such cases, the newborn is important to provide timely medical care.The consequences of birth trauma may be different, including speech delay and mental development.So you can not put off a visit to the doctor, if there are some disturbing symptoms in the infant.

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