Causes of elevated white blood cells in newborns

White blood cells, which play a major role in the protection of human and animal body from external and internal pathogenic agents, called leukocytes.

Although leukocytes is considered to be white blood cells, in fact, they are colorless cells.Their size ranges from 6 to 20 microns, leukocytes can be round or irregular in shape, their characteristic feature is the ability to move freely, such as unicellular organisms.

There are several types of white blood cells, but they all perform similar functions - protect the body against antigens of pathogenic foreign substances, dead cells and organisms.

total leukocytes range from newborns normally ranges from 9 to 30 x 109 / l blood, adult white blood cell count should be between 4 and 9 x 109 / l.

In medical practice, to distinguish between two types of white blood cells in the blood, namely:

  • Granular leukocytes or granulocytes, whose cytoplasm is granular particles.Depending on the color of cytoplasmic grains, they are divided into neutrophils, eosino
    phils and basophils.Depending on the shape of the core is divided into segmented neutrophils and stab leukocytes;
  • Nezernistye agranulocytes leukocytes or in the cytoplasm lacking granular particles.They are usually divided into monocytes and lymphocytes.

view of the fact that each of the above types of white blood cells perform a well defined function, changing the total number of leukocytes in the blood of the newborn is an important clue for diagnosis.

Elevated white blood cells in the newborn

As mentioned above, the total number of white blood cells in newborns normally ranges from 9 to 30 x 109 / l, which is 1000 times higher than that for an adult.This high level of white blood cells stored in the body crumbs for a few weeks, after which it begins to decrease gradually.

If the level of white blood cells did not begin to go into decline, then most likely, the body fights crumbs with some infection or harmful bacteria.Thus, increased white blood cells in the newborn may indicate:

  • Injury;
  • Diseases;
  • Blood loss;
  • infections.

reasons for increasing the number of white blood cells in newborns can act:

  • changeover from leukocytes in the blood;
  • Increased blood viscosity;
  • mother's illness during pregnancy;
  • Increased education of leukocytes in red bone marrow.

High white blood cell count in the blood is called leukocytosis, which, in turn, are divided into physiological, absolute, neutrophilic, basophilic, distribution, and eosinophilic monocytosis.

elevated levels of white blood cells in newborns Treatment consists primarily in the treatment of the primary infection.Doctors usually prescribe antibiotics crumbs, which quickly relieve the symptoms, but the real recovery of white blood cells is a long process.

Reduced white blood cells in the blood of newborn

condition in which the number of white blood cells in newborns or adults are below the norm called leukopenia.Often, it is a sign of oppression of the development of new white blood cells in the bone marrow and is observed in conditions such as:

  • Cancer with metastasis to the bone marrow;
  • Hypersplenism;
  • Anemia, caused by the appearance of a lack of vitamin B12;
  • initial stage of development of leukemia;
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus;
  • Aplastic, hypoplastic and viral diseases;
  • Radiation sickness.

also lowering of white blood cells in newborns may be due to exposure to ionizing radiation or certain medications.

White blood cells in the urine of newborn

Normally, white blood cells in the urine must comply with from 0 to 10 white blood cells per 1 ml.Elevated levels of white blood cells in the urine, primarily, is a testament to inflammatory processes, which are the place of location of kidney, urinary system and reproductive organs.Put specific diagnosis the doctor can on the basis of the analysis of the urine of the newborn, carried out by special equipment.

mainly high content of white blood cells in the urine of the newborn child is accompanied by symptoms such as:

  • Violation of urination - increased frequency, or containment;
  • Increased tearfulness crumbs when urinating (since it may hurt);
  • Changing the color and consistency of urine (appearance of cloudy residue);
  • Fever or chills;
  • Nausea and vomiting.

Usually, the disease associated with urinary system, particularly the bladder, can easily cure.After treatment, it is important to make a re-analysis of the urine, in order to ensure fully the success of the measures taken.

content in the blood and urine leukocytes in neonates is a clear indicator of how healthy or sick child.Parents are the first days of the baby is important to monitor the hygiene of the crumbs to strengthen his immune system, and pays special attention to the appearance of any deviations in its behavior and state of health.Any disease diagnosed at an early stage is easier to treat than advanced.

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