Age under 1 year is called the breast, characterized by several features to it.Firstly, the intensive metabolism - per 1 kg of body 2-2.5 times the need for food to the child were higher than that of an adult.This explains the high load on the digestive system of the baby, so the situation when the child is about one year fell ill with symptoms of gastrointestinal disorders - are not uncommon.Babies often suffer from indigestion, bacterial and viral infections of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as chronic eating disorders.Also during this period there is an active formation of bone and muscle structure, so that a child up to one year did not get sick rickets needed adequate intake of of vitamin D, fresh air and sunlight.
But most children get sick SARS.Respiratory child aged under greater strain to a year, and mucous membranes are still too vulnerable to infection.If mum and turn to the pediatrician, it is usually due to the fact that the child was ill SARS.As the parents care for the baby and when
If a child is sick cold, illness can go unnoticed or cause serious complications, especially in infants who are bottle-fed.When breastfeeding immune protection provided by antibodies, devotees with mother's milk.At about 6 months, this natural protection begins to weaken, and parents need to monitor the health of their offspring to determine the time that the child is ill SARS.
Key signs that the child is ill - a change in behavior.Kid can be capricious, and refuse the breast, be too sluggish or overexcited.The main sign that the child is sick of SARS - fever, during which the body temperature rises above 37 ° C, and in the rectum - above 38 ° C.If a child under one year fell ill, his condition is accompanied by fever, his forehead became sweaty and hot, his eyes shining.These symptoms are talking about the immune response to infection.At higher temperatures the reproduction of pathogenic microflora is sharply slowed down, which is why it is recommended not to always knock down.Much worse when the fever combined with shortness of breath, shallow breathing, nausea and vomiting, and if the child refuses to fluid intake (not eating at the same time is normal).If you find these signs, immediately show the baby's doctor.
You mentioned fever and realized that the child was ill - than to treat him like that?The temperature should not shoot down, if it is below 38.5 ° C, and provided that the baby tolerates it.If a child is ill, usually recommended rest, special care, and abundant warm drink to avoid dehydration.There may be situations when the high temperature hands and feet are freezing baby, this suggests peripheral vascular spasm.In this case it is necessary to undress the child to bring down a fever, but on the legs should wear socks.
need to worry if the temperature exceeds 38 ° C in children under the age of 3 months, 38.5 ° C in children under one year and 39 ° C in older children.In this case, antipyretic required.If a child is ill, how to treat it according to age?Selecting antipyretic better to entrust the pediatrician.Special care is required cases where a child has problems with the cardiovascular or respiratory system, kidney disease, as well as if it does not tolerate temperatures.
In addition to temperature, if the child is ill SARS, it suffers a cough and runny nose.They make it difficult to breath, preventing feeding.To facilitate breathing, you need to create the optimum conditions of the environment - in the room should be fresh, moist and cool air.Therefore, the frequent airing of the room is recommended, or install the humidifier.If a child is ill, than to cure his cold?To ease nasal congestion recommended to lay a child in an elevated position, half sitting, often carrying it in her arms, tapping the back, nose and cleaned regularly with a doctor's recommendation to bury vasoconstrictor drops, not forgetting that they can not be used for a long time.Sometimes, when a cold droplet are appointed on the basis of sea water or wiping the nose with a cotton swab dipped in baby oil.
High temperatures can lead to low-grade convulsions.Kid pulled out, stop crying, arms and legs begin to shake him.This condition requires urgent medical intervention.It is necessary to bring the temperature down - raskutat child, remove the diaper, wipe the body with water, give the child an antipyretic.During an attack of convulsions, parents should provide the child with complete rest, vomiting track to her baby accidentally inhaled, and as quickly as possible to call an ambulance.
Against the background of a weakened immune system in children often develop other diseases.What they appear and act like their parents?
most common problem - diarrhea or diarrhea.For the kid is a state fraught with dehydration.What if a child is ill - than cure in this situation?When diarrhea is necessary to call a doctor, and before he came to maintain the water balance - infant breastfed as often as possible need to be applied to the breast, bottle-- otpaivat liquid from a bottle.After six months, you can give the child a rice-water and boiled water.The liquid is taken every 10-15 minutes.Further treatment can only assign a pediatrician.
ear inflammation - in response to this painful process, the child is anxious, refuses to eat, cries, his fever, the baby may calm down if he put on the sore ear.When pressing on the tragus of the ear, the child is crying or trying to straighten out his hand.Treatment in this case assigns ENT doctor.
Meningitis - a severe complication of infectious diseases, in which there is inflammation of the brain and spinal cord.About him sharp signal cries of the baby, the baby is curved arc, he has a fever, swollen fontanelle, he sharply reacts to any sensory stimuli, refuses to eat and drink, behaves instituted or depressed.Older children may be tension in the muscles of the neck, where the head is lowered to the chest, vomiting.When such symptoms the child should be sent immediately to the hospital for inpatient treatment.
have weakened kids often have a situation where almost Cured after SARS, the child falls ill again.The fact is that during the acute period followed by a period of convalescence or recovery from infection.At this stage, the elimination of the effects of complications of colds.What the child did not get sick again?Tiny need to provide the most gentle treatment, which includes easy to digest food, proper rest, moderate exercise, fresh air, taking vitamins and dairy products that promote immunity.
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