Techniques for self-identity - types , description , direction

identity Psychodiagnostics aims to identify the identity of the product - ideas about themselves.Self-esteem - an important factor that largely determines the behavior of the person, the direction of its activities and communicate with others.

Techniques of self-identity, which give 100% result, perhaps, does not exist, but attempts to create them have been many times.Most often practicing psychologists use methods of self-identity, developed by SABudassi, T. Dembo and SYRubinstein, as well as LPPonomarenko.

Methods of self-identity Budassi

Self-esteem is associated with the need for self-affirmation and the desire to find their place in life and society, that is one of the basic human needs.

Testing SABudassi allows to measure self-esteem in terms of quantity, based on the rankings.Representations of the person about himself seem credible to him, regardless of whether they are objective or subjective, true or false.This quality, which is human nature to attribute to himself, is not always adequate

.Methods of self Budassi personality determines the level and adequacy of self-esteem, as the relationship between the ideal and the real J.

self-identity in two ways:

  • Comparing the level of their desires with actual achievements;
  • comparing yourself with other people.

However, it is always subjective, and its indicators are the level and adequacy.

own attitude towards him consists in man under the influence of assessments of other people, this applies to individual forms of activity: behavior, communication, activities and experiences.Methods of self-identity Budassi involves assessing four qualities of blocks, each of which is a reflection of one of the individual's activity levels.According to the survey self-esteem can be:

  • optimal - people correctly assesses their skills and capabilities, takes itself quite critical, really looks at the failures and successes, has set itself achievable goals.Assessment of the achievements he spends not only from his own point of view, but also trying to imagine how it looks in the eyes of other people.That is an adequate self-esteem does not allow on the one hand, revaluation, and with another - excessive severity towards themselves;
  • Sub-optimal - too inflated or low self-esteem.Inadequately inflated self-esteem leads to the fact that people idealize themselves and their capabilities.It is fraught with disregard failures in order to preserve the familiar high score themselves and their actions.This man rejects all that violates this idealistic view, distorted perception of reality and attitude towards it becomes rational, and extremely emotional.Just a remark seen as quibbling, objective assessment of the performance - how unfair is low.

This method of self-identity also reveals low self-esteem, that is below the real possibilities of the person.This usually leads to shyness, lack of confidence, and as a consequence, it is impossible to realize their potential.Such a man is afraid to set a challenging target, limiting the decision of everyday tasks.

Inadequate self-government and violates the process often leads to conflict situations.A person with high self-esteem provoke conflict over the neglect of others, and disrespectful treatment of him.With low self-esteem people are overly critical, they are demanding to themselves and not to other less demanding.Because of this, as conflicts can arise, because such a person does not forgive mistakes and tend to constantly emphasize the shortcomings of others, even if doing so in good faith.

This technique allows you to self-identity of its quantitative characteristics, which can be a starting point for the development of self-esteem from examinee on the basis of self-knowledge.

only understand and assess yourself, the person can consciously control their behavior and to engage in self-education.

Methods of self-identity Dembo-Rubinstein

This technique is named after its two authors, Tamara Dembo and Sussan Jakovlevny Rubinstein.Dembo developed the technique for the study of representations of happiness, and Rubinstein has created its modification for the study of self-esteem, expanded by the number of scales and the interpretation options.

Methods of self-identity Dembo-Rubinstein is based on direct assessment on the scale of a number of personal qualities such as character, health, power and others. In the framework of this test, the subjects should be on the vertical lines mark marks the level of development they have certain qualities and claims, thethere is some development of these qualities could satisfy them.The main parameters of the self-assessment is its height, stability and realism.This method of self-identity is often used by psychologists in practical work with students.

The «Tree»

study of personality traits according to the method of self-LPPonomarenko is used to evaluate the success of adaptation of the child at the beginning of schooling and the transition to the middle tier.This technique aims to determine flow characteristics of the adaptation process and allows you to identify potential problems in the baby.

During testing, the children invited to a sheet of paper, which shows the tree located on it and the men under him.Having examined carefully the tree and men examinee must circle the red marker that figure, with which he is associated, and green - man, on the spot where he'd like to be.In addition, each branch of the tree can be equal to the personal achievements and successes.Every little man is assigned a number.Interpretation of the results of the implementation of this method of self-identity is carried out on the basis of what position the student chooses.

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