Types and forms of interpersonal relations

hard to imagine humanity without interpersonal relationships.Most people spend communicating most of his adult life from the moment of waking up and before going to bed, we are in his family's community, friends, colleagues, acquaintances and strangers.Individuals enter into some form of relationship "face to face", via telephone, the Internet, and various forms of paper documents.Eliminate all of our lives, then it can hardly be called human in the fullest sense of the word.How is the formation of interpersonal relationships and what is meant by this term?Let's try to find answers to these questions.

Definition of interpersonal relationships

The term "interpersonal relationships" psychologists mean the totality of interactions that occur between individuals, often accompanied by emotional experiences, and in some way convey the state of the inner world of man.

Interpersonal relations are based on different types of communication, which include non-verbal communication, a certain appearance, body la

nguage and gestures, spoken language etc.They combine the cognitive, emotional and behavioral components.

cognitive component refers to those features of interpersonal relationships, how different forms of knowledge - representation, imagination, perception, sensation, memory, thinking.All of them allow you to recognize in a person's individual psychological characteristics and reach an understanding, which, in turn, depends on the adequacy (how accurately we perceive the psychological portrait of personality, which interacts) and identification (identification of his personality to the personality of another individual).

emotional component represents feelings that we experience when dealing with certain people.And they can be both positive and negative, that is, in the process of interpersonal relationships can feel sympathy or antipathy, satisfaction with their partner or the results of joint activities, or lack thereof.We can feel empathy or emotional response to the experience of the other person, which is expressed in empathy, complicity and sympathy.

Finally, the behavioral component characteristic facial expressions, gestures, pantomime, speech and actions, which express an individual's attitude to other people or the group as a whole.Actually, the behavioral component and acts as a regulator of the nature of interpersonal relations.

Formation of interpersonal relations

development of interpersonal relations is possible only under one condition - if the individual has the ability to establish contacts with people, find common language with them.This is facilitated by the ease and rapport, trust and understanding, emotional attraction and acceptance, as well as the absence of a rigid program of manipulation and self-interest.

Interpersonal relationships ideally strive for trust, this includes the expectation of support and confidence that the partner will not betray and does not use the situation to harm.

During interpersonal trust comes the deepening of relations, reducing the psychological distance.However, the trust often develops into a credulity that is expressed in the fact that the individual unreasonably believes a word, despite the pitfalls and disappointments.

Types of interpersonal relationships

There are many different criteria for evaluating interpersonal relationships.Their content is determined by the degree of psychological closeness between the partners, the evaluation relations of domination position of dependence or equality, and familiarity.

terms of purpose, forms of interaction of individuals can be primary and secondary.Features of interpersonal relationships primary type lies in the fact that between people establish necessary connections, usually by themselves.Secondary connection originate on the basis of what kind of assistance or function is performed by one person towards another.

By the nature of interpersonal relationships are divided into formal and informal.Formal based on job-based and governed by statutes, laws and other regulations prescribed interactions that usually have a legal basis.Informal are formed on the basis of personal ties and are not limited to official boundaries.

terms of joint activities, interpersonal relations are divided into business and personal.The business relationships are at the forefront of the work, service or manufacturing obligations.In the case of the personal to the fore the relationship, not related to a joint venture based on subjectively experienced feelings.These include knowledge, partnership, friendship and an intimate relationship, the degree of confidence which is on the rise.

also interpersonal relationships can be rational and emotional.In the first case, the predominant logic, reason and calculation.In the second - the emotions, affection, attraction, without taking into account the perception of objective information about the individual.

In terms of the status of people who have interpersonal relationships, communication can be worn as subordinates or character parity between them.Subordination implies inequality, the attitude of management and submission.Parity, on the contrary, is based on the equality of individuals participating relations with the act as an independent personality.

Interpersonal communication can bring joy, to make life full of emotional and give peace of mind.On the other hand, they can bring frustration and plunging into a depression.The extent to which the development of interpersonal relationships will be effective in a particular individual depends on his effective communication skills, the ability to perceive the people without prejudice, as well as psychological and emotional maturity.And if you think you far from gaining these skills, do not despair, because persevere and you set a goal, you may well be able to develop all the necessary qualities.

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