Social reflection - nature, types , functions

Reflection in social psychology - is the process of knowledge by an actor (the individual or communities) of internal mental acts and states, through the way they are perceived and evaluated by other people.This is not just self-knowledge, but an attempt to find out how others know and understand the features of his personality.

In the process of communication is the person himself in the place of the interlocutor, appreciating ourselves from the side and, on this basis, adjust their behavior.Such a mechanism of self-knowledge and self-esteem through communication can not only understand the interlocutor, but also suggests how much he understands you, that is a kind of process of mirroring each other.

study of social reflection

study of social and psychological reflection started in the late 19th century.In Western social psychology it is connected with the study of experimental dyads - pairs of actors interacting in artificial laboratory situations..

John Holmes described the mechanism of social

reflection on the example of communication between two conditional personalities: John Henry.. In this situation, according to John Holmes, involved at least 6 people: John, what it is actually, John, as he appears to himself and John sees it, Henry.These positions are represented by Henry.Later T. Newcomb and Charles Cooley added another 2 persons: John, how he sees his own image in the mind of Henry and also for Henry.In such instances, it is the social reflection is a process twice, mirroring vzaimootobrazheniya subjects individuals to each other.

Russian researchers such as GMAndreev and others believe that a better understanding of social reflection can be obtained if the object of study is not the dyad and more complex organized social groups, combined together certain activities in the real world.

value of social and psychological reflection

According to Demin, a reflection of social psychology - is the property of the mind to direct the human consciousness to the inner world, recognizing and reflecting its own status, experiences, relationships, managing personal values.If necessary, reflection allows you to find new grounds for their restructuring and change.

But apart from self-understanding and self-reflection process includes understanding and appreciation of other people.With the help of the correlation is carried out of his mind, values ​​and opinions, these same categories of other individuals, groups, societies, and finally universal.In domestic social reflection allows the person to go through some kind of event or phenomenon, put him through his "inner world".

Many psychologists have given different interpretations of this phenomenon.Thus, Descartes believed that the reflection enables the individual to switch from the external, physical, focusing on the content of their thoughts.. J. Locke shared the feeling and reflection, understanding this phenomenon a special source of knowledge - an inner experience, contrasting his experience outside obtained on the basis of the senses.

But definitions boil down to the fact that the socio-psychological reflection - a person's ability to look at ourselves, to analyze their actions and, if necessary, change.


reflection Traditionally in psychology are the following types of reflection:

  • Communicative - the mechanism of cognition of another person, in which its characteristics and behavior, an accurate representation of them, become the object of reflection;
  • personality - in this case, the object of knowledge serves the individual himself, his personal characteristics, behavior and relationships with others;
  • Intelligent - reflection, which is manifested in dealing with different kinds of tasks, such as the ability to analyze a variety of ways to find solutions more efficient.

Work reflexive mechanism

According to the Russian researcher bales sequence of the social reflection mechanism includes 6 stages:

  • Reflective conclusion - occurs when there are no other means and ways to know the other person and yourself;
  • intentionality - focus on a specific object reflexing, for which it should be allocated among the other objects;
  • Primary categorization - choice of primary funds, contributing reflexing;
  • Construction reflexive system resources - primary means of combined specific system that allows for purposeful and reasonable reflexive analysis;
  • Schematization reflexive content - is carried out using a variety of iconic assets (images, symbols, diagrams, language constructs);
  • Objectification reflexive description - evaluation and discussion of the results.

When unsatisfactory result, a re-start the process of social reflection.

Reflective gear with self-knowledge is the identification with the other person and yourself.During her subject identifies personality traits, behaviors, relationships and communication of another person, analyzes them, specifying the reasons for the presence of a quality or the commission of a particular act, and evaluating them.It then transfers these characteristics over and compares.As a result, a person is more deeply understand how personality traits of others, as well as the properties of the self.

process of social reflection is a complex work that requires time, effort and some ability.At the same time, that it overcomes the shortcomings and make the process of self-awareness and focus.

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