Influenza - an acute viral disease, which typically occurs between November and March.The infection primarily affects the upper respiratory tract and is accompanied by severe intoxication.Influenza in infants sometimes provokes complications such as acute otitis media, pneumonia, damage the cardiovascular and nervous systems.
Influenza is a highly contagious disease.The disease spreads rapidly, and in some cases, reaching epidemic proportions.At first mostly ill adults, then cases of flu begin to be recorded among children.Flu in small children sometimes makes close group in kindergarten, nursery, school classes in quarantine.
epidemics due to the fact that people spend a long time in the winter indoors, interact in large collectives, prepared food enough vitamins.In winter viruses spread especially quickly because cold weather and short daylight hours contribute to their active reproduction.
Influenza affects children of all ages.Most often, the disease is recorded after 2-3
neonatal period - the four weeks after birth.This time is a severe test for the baby, as the child adapts to the independent existence outside the mother's body.Influenza newborn is possible in two ways, depending on whether before or after the birth of infection occurred.
Congenital flu happens to those children whose mothers are sick shortly before birth.A child is born weak, he fixed low-grade fever, swelling of the nasal mucosa.Such children are sluggish, bad eating, prone to respiratory disorders.Influenza newborn with a congenital form is often complicated by a bacterial infection that leads to inflammation of the lungs.Severe illness requires hospitalization in the intensive care unit for infants.
Influenza newborn can occur when infected after birth.In this case, the baby is born healthy, but later becomes infected with flu from others.Signs of the disease is increasing gradually.In the early days the temperature rises slightly, but the child loses appetite, become lethargic, sleepy.Moderate catarrhal phenomena manifested in the form of a small runny nose, nasal congestion, cough.baby's breath changes.Kid snorting, trying to breathe through the mouth.
newborn occurs after direct contact with infected adults or other children.To avoid infection, it is necessary to protect the child from unnecessary communication.Such measures are also reflected in the folk tradition: it is impossible to show the baby to a month anyone but the closest family members.
If someone suffers from near the baby, the child should try to isolate within the apartment.More often ventilate the room, wet cleaning, wear a medical mask.
Prophylaxis of influenza in infants can be and with the help of drugs.Use of the human interferon drugs in the correct dosage for pediatric recommendations.It is most convenient to choose a drop or rectal suppositories.
primary prevention of influenza in infants is breast milk.Even if the mother is ill herself, then she should not stop breast feeding.Since breast milk the baby receives the protection of maternal immunity.
Overall influenza in the newborn occurs quite easily, if the child was born at term and is breastfed.Often the baby did not become ill, although other family members suffer flu.
If a child is ill, you should seek medical help.Urgent Call your doctor if the body temperature more than 38 degrees.Influenza in infants treated with antiviral drugs, antipyretics.In some cases require hospitalization.
-year-olds get the flu more often than infants.The disease is always occurs in acute form.The temperature rises above 38.5 degrees, there are chills, cough, severe weakness, loss of appetite.Influenza-year-old child lasts about 5-7 days.The kid must be provided with bed rest, drink plenty of liquids, and to give a light meal.At high temperatures, give the child antipyretic medicine and call your doctor at home.
flu in young children requires special attention and treatment.Strictly follow medical recommendations.That is what will help to avoid serious complications, and favorably recover from the disease.
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