Vacuum mini abortion - especially , the consequences

mini vacuum abortion - a medical procedure of abortion in early pregnancy using vacuum aspirator.This type of abortion is also called vacuum aspiration abortion or a mini.This procedure is the preferred security force run sparing techniques and high efficiency.What pregnancy can carry out the procedure mini abortion (vacuum aspiration)?How to make a vacuum abortion?What is the technique of vacuum abortion?

mini vacuum abortion: the benefits of the procedure, indications, contraindications

mini vacuum abortion - the procedure of abortion in the early stages, is widely used because of their advantages.Unlike traditional surgical abortion (dilation and curettage (scraping) or dilation (dilatation) and evacuation) mini vacuum abortion is carried out by another scheme by applying pressure, thus avoiding mechanical damage to the tissue of the uterus and cervix.The main advantages of the procedure are:

  • Duration mini abortion (vacuum abortion) does not exceed 10 minutes.In rare cases, complications arise
    during the abortion procedure time may increase to 30 minutes.Complications of this type are unstable condition of the patient, a sharp deterioration, severe bleeding;
  • performing procedures on ultrasound monitoring, which allows you to eliminate the error of doctors and significantly increases the efficiency;
  • In the absence of contraindications mini vacuum abortion can be carried out in a drug-induced sleep (general anesthesia);
  • If a woman has given birth, it does not require cervical extension for the procedure.During the mini-abortion nulliparous women may need dilatation, but in this case, the cervix is ​​not injured as it occurs during the expansion of the cervical canal with traditional surgical abortion;
  • rapid process of healing and recovery;
  • minimal risk to the health of the woman;
  • low likelihood of complications;
  • high efficiency.

There are a number of medical indications for mini vacuum abortion, which include:

  • missed abortion, anembrioniya;
  • fetal abnormality;
  • threat of the mother's life;
  • presence of infectious and parasitic nature of the disease, which may adversely affect the development of the fetus (all forms of TB, hepatitis, syphilis, HIV, rubella, and contact with the infection in the first trimester of pregnancy);
  • Malignancies (either existing in the past) of any localization;
  • Endocrine diseases;
  • blood diseases, blood system;
  • Mental disorders are not compatible with a normal life of man;
  • Nervous system diseases;
  • Congenital malformations;
  • Forced reception embryo and fetotoxic drugs.

should be noted that in many cases, indications for termination of pregnancy are discussed.In situations where the pregnancy puts the body and a woman's life danger, you should always correlate the risks.Many diseases are indirect indications for abortion.However, it is worth remembering that many of the defects caused by various disorders in the body of the mother, the fetus may occur in the later stages of pregnancy, when the interrupt will not be possible.

contraindications for mini vacuum abortion are:

  • presence of infection in the acute form, which increases the risk of transferring infection in the genital tract and the development of complications after the procedure.With timely treatment to the gynecologist for a mini-abortion (vacuum aspiration), the patient is undergoing treatment of infectious disease before the procedure;
  • Ectopic pregnancy - localization of the ovum outside the uterus, making it impossible to reach the site of implantation aspirator and produce suction and detachment of the fetus;
  • bad blood clotting;
  • labor in the past 6 months;
  • Unconfirmed pregnancy (pregnancy, defined by means of a home test);
  • term for more than 6 weeks - WHO allows for vacuum abortion up to 12 weeks with the proper qualifications of doctors, but at time of forming a strong link chorion and the uterine wall after 6 weeks of gestation, which complicates the process of detachment of the ovum and its removal from the uterus.

Technique abortion

For the mini vacuum abortion patient should undergo initial examination by a gynecologist to confirm the existence of pregnancy, its localization.A woman must pass a series of tests that determine the state of health and to avoid any contraindications for the procedure (general analysis of blood, urine, blood clotting, hCG, a smear on the definition of the vaginal flora, tests to detect diseases of the genitourinary system, HIV, hepatitis).

mini vacuum abortion is performed in a hospital.Depending on the status of women for the procedure is used as a local anesthetic, and general anesthesia.The uterus is introduced special tube (cannula), by means of an aspirator in the cavity uniform negative pressure is created that promotes disbonding suctioning and ovum.The procedure takes place under ultrasound, which enables precise localization of the fruit.Vacuum mini abortion does not injure the endometrium and uterine cavity vessels, which contributes to faster recovery and reduces the risk of other complications.Make vacuum abortion is much safer than the traditional curettage to terminate the pregnancy.No need for the expansion of the cervix reduces the risk of cervical incompetence, which is one of the major causes of miscarriage.

Vacuum Abortion: periods, guarantees, consequences

To make the vacuum abortion, pregnancy should not be more than 6 weeks, has not yet formed strong ties of the ovum and the uterus.When the vacuum abortion timing of treatments also increase the guarantee of complete abortion.According to statistics, up to 5% of mini vacuum abortions completed partial interruption that require additional curettage.

Before making a vacuum abortion a woman should understand what could be the consequences of such a procedure:

  • recurrent miscarriage, infertility;
  • inflammatory processes in the uterus;
  • infection during the procedure;
  • menstrual irregularities;
  • uterine bleeding;
  • incomplete abortion or living pregnancy (developing).

mini vacuum abortion is positioned as the least dangerous abortion in the early stages, but we should not forget that such abortion is a full surgical procedure that violates the natural process of women and development of new life-cycle of the life in her womb.No doctor can not give 100% guarantee of the success of the procedure and the preservation of the physiological ability of women to the next conception.

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