11 August

Anaphylactic shock

Allergy - a most unpleasant phenomenon faced by more and more people every year.This occurs as a result of the weakening of the human immune system under the influence of both external and internal negative factors.The main culprits of allergies - allergens is presented mainly in the form of protein and triggers of adverse reactions of the body.The effects of allergies can be very different, ranging from redness and itching and ending with edema of the respiratory tract, however, the most dangerous form of allergic reaction is anaphylactic shock.

What is anaphylactic shock

After contact with an allergen, the body triggered certain reactions entailing violations of the individual organs and changes in the skin.First, allocated specific substance responsible for the inflammatory reaction.After that significantly narrows the airways in the lungs appears wheezing, blood pressure decreases, and the blood vessels dilate.The walls of the blood vessels become more loose and passed blood plasma, which leads t

o a malfunction of the heart, the occurrence of edema and disruption in the blood flow to internal organs.All this is bad for the brain, suffering in this period from oxygen starvation, is not getting enough oxygen due to slow circulation.

Symptoms of anaphylactic shock

Symptoms of anaphylactic shock occur quickly enough.The man begins to feel fatigue and discomfort within a few seconds after the allergen enters the body.Among the outward signs of anaphylaxis include edema, cough, the appearance of itching, redness and hives on the skin surface.In addition, there is a strong excitement and difficulty breathing during this period, and the heart rate increases.Symptoms of anaphylactic shock occur depending on its shape.This may be the typical form, asphyxial, gastrointestinal, cerebral, or exercise-induced.Each form has its own characteristics and distinctive features.

Causes

Anaphylactic shock can occur as a result of reception of antibiotics, anesthetics and other drugs on the basis of penicillin.Another reason - a hit in the body poison membranous insects such as bees, wasps and hornets.The most common allergic reaction is manifested in a variety of bites.Certain foods can also act as powerful allergens and induce anaphylactic shock.These include fish, seafood, peanuts, eggs, soy and milk.Sometimes cause anaphylactic shock are not the products themselves, but they are parasites.No less common cause of allergies is getting into the body aeroallergens, such as pollen and dust.Ironically, physical activity can also lead to anaphylactic shock, however, so his form is extremely rare.

First Aid

After contact with the allergen into the body, the response to it may be like in a few seconds, and for half an hour.It depends on how it is penetrated by it.Keep in mind that the faster the apparent reaction, the harder it will be consequences of allergy.Thus, pre-medical assistance in anaphylactic shock should be given immediately.The first thing to do is to eliminate the source of the allergen, namely, ventilate the area, stop administration of the drug or a tourniquet above the bite.After that you should treat the wound with antiseptic and apply a cold.The victim should be put in a horizontal position, slightly lift the leg, turn the head to one side.It is also recommended to take an antihistamine.After the arrival of doctors, provide them with information about the exact time of the beginning of an allergic reaction and symptoms manifested.

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