What - Glaucoma Glaucoma
associated with impaired outflow of fluid from the eye for the finest tubules.The main symptom of the disease - increased intraocular pressure (IOP), which is detrimental to the optic nerve.As a result, there may come an incurable blindness.
first symptoms of glaucoma can be a sense of fogging or the appearance of bright circles in the morning.However, the disease occurs more often in general without any symptoms.
Among people 40-50 years of glaucoma affects 1.5-2%, however, the older the person, the greater the likelihood of developing the disease.
For early detection of glaucoma requires annual monitoring of intraocular pressure (IOP), starting at 40 years of age, and in the presence of glaucoma in the family - from 35 years.Medicine has the means to slow down the development of glaucoma, so it is very important to detect the disease in time.
Along with the implementation of physician prescriptions of great importance for the conservation of this disease has rational way of life.
If diagnosed at an early stage of the disease, the glaucoma - not a sentence, but it must be treated consistently, even the initial stages, when there is not no complaints.If you have found glaucoma, you need to know how to act in order not to harm themselves, but on the contrary - to help.It is important to calm, but at the same time a responsible attitude to the disease: do not panic, but do not neglect their illness.
We must adhere to the following simple rules .
# Because glaucoma does not like stress and gross violations of the regime, do not work with great emotional or physical exertion, and never carry out long-term physical work with tilted head.
If you are a keen gardener gardener, get low and stable stool weeding sitting on it and moving along the bed.The head should be protected from sun cap, Panama, and the best hat with large fields.The eyes should be protected by high-quality sunglasses.
Please note that it is recommended not to use very dark sunglasses.Optimal sunglasses with green lenses (WS-1) - green color calms the nervous system, as well as several lowers intraocular pressure.
# It should not be long in the dark.View the TV in the room highlighting further dim the light source, ie, the TV screen should not be the only place lighted room.People with glaucoma, it is desirable to use low light during the night (some amount of light enters the eye through closed eyelids).# When you exercise, remember that exercise is not recommended with sharp tilt your head down posture "upside down", as well as lifting heavy loads.The rest of the exercise is not contraindicated in glaucoma.Do not load yourself
excessive burden: you can carry no more than 2-3 kg in each hand.# Do not consume large amounts of liquid: up to 1.5 liters of fluid per day did not significantly affect the intraocular pressure, but increasing the amount of fluid can be harmful.Moreover, under the liquid includes not only water, also takes into account the milk, yogurt, juice, soup, fruit compote.Distribute evenly drinks throughout the day drinking at a time not more than 200 ml.
can not drink "volley» .
# Do not overeat, do not overdo salty, spicy and fatty foods that cause thirst and promote fluid retention in the body.Do not drink strong tea, coffee and other drinks that contain caffeine, as they increase blood pressure, which can eventually lead to an increase in intraocular pressure (IOP).
# Give up smoking.In glaucoma, the first to suffer the optic nerve, the nicotine causes constriction of blood vessels, disrupting the power supply to the optic nerve, and has a toxic effect on the optic nerve fibers.
# proved that alcohol (vodka, brandy in quantities of 50 ml) reduces the intraocular pressure within 1-2 hours after ingestion.This effect of alcohol used to relieve acute glaucoma attack, if no other means.However, we must warn those who "like" this method of treatment: the next day after taking this dose there is a fairly sharp rise in intraocular pressure (IOP).In addition, should take into account the toxic effects of alcohol on the optic nerve.However, in exceptional cases, you can afford a small amount of weak alcoholic beverage.
# Normalize intestinal function: follow regular emptying.Strong straining with constipation leads to a dramatic (up to 50 mm Hg. Art.) Raising the pressure in the eyes.
# When glaucoma need regular and consistent medication instillation in the eye.If you are assigned two-fold instillation, the first instillation of the drug is better to do right after a night's sleep and morning dress.The second (evening) burying - before going to bed.
In no case can double the dose , if for some reason had to miss his burying.
# Sleep better on a high pillow, and in the morning should not be "stale" in bed.The vertical position and active movements help to reduce pressure in the eye, and in the morning after sleep is highest.
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