Berberis vulgaris - deciduous shrub up to 2.5 m young shoots and branches prickly..Plant leaves are leathery, serrated on the edges, solitary, or gathered in bundles of 2-8.Flowers are yellow, bisexual, in axillary racemes or bunches at the ends of short shoots.Pollen yellow.
Barberry is widely distributed in the European part of Russia, except for its northern and eastern regions.Most inhabit forest edges, in the undergrowth of deciduous forests, on mountain slopes and copses.
barberry blooms in May and June.The flowers are pollinated by insects.Fruit - the bright red dlinnoellipticheskie berries ripen in August - early September.
As a medicinal plant of the barberry was known in ancient Babylon.This is evidenced by the clay tablets from the library of the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal (650 BC. E.).They said that the barberry berry good "clean blood".
In studying the chemical composition of barberry found that all his organs contain tannins, essential oils, alkaloids (the main ones - berberine), organ
With drug use goals roots (not thicker than 8 cm), bark, leaves and fruit of barberry.The roots are harvested in the spring, before bud break, or fall, after ripening.After digging out the roots shake off the ground, remove the blackened and rotten parts, then cut into pieces 10-20 cm long, cleaved along and dried in a well ventilated area, under a canopy.The bark is harvested in early spring, and leaves - after flowering plants.The raw material is dried as well as roots, spread out in a layer of 3-5 cm, turning periodically.The finished raw materials stored in a cool, ventilated area.Shelf life 3 years.
barberry drugs have anti-inflammatory, sedative (soothing), choleretic and diuretic effect.They are often used for hepatitis, hepatocholecystitis, cholecystitis (uncomplicated jaundice).
they are effective in urinary tract disease (pyelonephritis, hemorrhagic cystitis).In gynecology infusion of leaves and roots of barberry used in atonic uterine bleeding postpartum endometritis and menopausal bleeding.
folk medicine used barberry wider : decoction of the bark and roots drink in malaria, pleurisy, pulmonary tuberculosis, renal stone disease, edema, gout, rheumatism, neuralgia and arthralgia.
leaf infusion is used in diseases of the liver and enlarged spleen (malaria);decoction of the flowers treat heart disease and malaria.Fruit juice drink as cholagogue and antipyretic.It is believed that it also improves blood circulation, stimulates the appetite, helps with fever and delirious states.
Famous barberry not only drugs and vitamins, and nutritional qualities.The fruits of the plants have a pleasant sour taste, they are used fresh or dried for baking cakes (stuffing), kvass, jelly, add in compotes, assorted.Savor barberry gives stew and pilaf.In the confectionery industry fruit extract is added to the caramel.
bees collecting nectar and pollen from flowers barberry, significantly replenish the hives with honey and pollen.Honey productivity barberry exceed 100 kg per 1 hectare.Honey golden yellow fragrant and delicate taste.
Often barberry plant on garden plots in the gardens - expanding, it forms a decorative, but very prickly hedge.
Useful properties of barberry are not limited to: its fruits - a source of red and purple colors that are used in handicraft production of carpets.The bark and roots of barberry get persistent straw-yellow dye.Coloring the properties of the principal alkaloid of barberry - berberine.
remains to be said that in the genus to which it belongs barberry, within Russia and adjacent territories has about 20 species.Many of these drugs have similar properties and have nutritional value.
Tincture of the leaves.Leaves infused ratio of 1: 5 to 40% alcohol.Take 30-40 drops 2-3 times a day for 2-3 weeks.
Infusion of the leaves.1 tablespoon per 200 ml of boiling water.Infuse for 15 minutes.Take 30-40 drops 2-3 times a day after meals.
Fresh juice of the fruit.Take 1-2 tablespoons per day.