Angina (tonsilitis) called inflammation of the tonsils (tonsillitis), pharyngitis - inflammation of the pharyngeal mucosa.Every angina, especially in raids, should cause concern: as a rule, with angina take on crop (bacteriological analysis) a swab from the throat and nose to prevent diphtheria.
Angina caused by adenovirus, enterovirus, streptococcus or staphylococcus.Angina caused by hemolytic streptococcus group A, are dangerous because of possible complications - rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis.
If sore throat accompanied by a rash, then most likely, it scarlet fever.It is caused by specific serotypes of Streptococcus group A, secreting a toxin that leads to the appearance of the rash.
Angina - a manifestation of infectious mononucleosis (it is the Epstein-Barr virus), runs hard, with enlarged lymph nodes, liver and spleen, blood changes.
high temperature, sore throat, especially when swallowing, swelling of the lymph nodes at the angle of the mandible, redness and raids in the throat allo
particular parental concern should cause angina:
- in the presence of plaque in the throat, in severe swelling or edema of the neck (it happens and diphtheria)
- the amplification of pain in the throat, difficulty swallowing (there is a possibility of an abscess)
-with the rapid increase in the lymph nodes in the neck (there is a possibility of a purulent inflammation of the lymph nodes).
When angina sore throat can be mitigated, for example, milk and mineral water or baking soda (on the tip of a knife on a cup), tea with honey or jam.A child older than four or five years old can be taught to gargle.To do this, fit a 2% soda solution (1/2 teaspoon to half a glass of water), rivanola solution (slightly yellow), potassium permanganate (pale pink), or calendula.Adding iodine solution in the rinse, and especially to lubricate the throat should not they - are possible allergies and burns.
older children it is possible to offer a "sucking" lozenges or sprays containing a weak antiseptic and / or essential oils.These tools make it easy to state, but not a substitute for antibiotics!
When inflammation of the lymph node shows dry heat (wrap) to the neck.Peat neck with a handkerchief or scarf helps to relieve discomfort ( "neck freezing").Festering lymph node is opened surgically.
antibiotics (penicillin, penicillin, amoxicillin, erythromycin, and others.) Are required when streptococcal sore throat and scarlet fever.The course of treatment - 7-10 days.Perhaps the use of antibiotic Bioparox discharged as an aerosol for inhalation.The course of treatment - 7 days.
With the development of lymphadenitis and abscess vigorous antibiotic treatment is sometimes necessary to supplement the abscess incision.
All of these measures should be taken only on doctor's prescription, which must call for suspected angina.
doctor should definitely see a child with a sore throat to prevent diphtheria - a very dangerous disease, occurring with a sore throat, severe intoxication, stenosis of the larynx (croup), heart failure.In the absence of specific treatment (diphtheria serum) diphtheria can result in the death of the child.